~*~ Elder Airwolf LoP Ministry Founder/Owner~*~

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Merry Meet Legionnaires~
I am sixth generation Native Blackfoot and Scottish Celt. My Grandmother was one of my mentors her being a shaman, and my other mentor was my Druid Celtic Aunt. I was raised pagan and my education started at the age
of seven and formally after my first moon lodge ritual at 12. I am also trained as a voodoo priestess.
I am a retired MSW, Psychotherapist/Hypnotherapist, and a Dr of Ministries. I provide individual and family counseling.

Essential Oil Bug Spray

Essential Oil Bug Spray
Bug Spray Ingredients

Essential oils: choose from Citronella, Clove, Lemongrass, Rosemary, Tea Tree, Cajeput, Eucalyptus, Cedar, Catnip, Lavender, Mint
Natural Witch Hazel
Distilled or boiled Water
Vegetable glycerin (optional)

How to Make Homemade Bug Spray

Fill spray bottle (I used 8 ounce) 1/2 full with distilled or boiled water
Add witch hazel to fill almost to the top
Add 1/2 tsp vegetable glycerin if using
Add 30-50 drops of essential oils to desired scent. The more oils you use, the stronger the spray will be. My personal favorite mix is: Rosemary, Clove, Cajeput, Lavender, Cinnamon and Eucalyptus… it works great and smells good too!

Make Bug Spray From Dried or Fresh Herbs
Fresh or Dried Herbs Bug Spray Ingredients

Distilled water
Witch hazel or rubbing alcohol
Dried herbs: peppermint, spearmint, citronella, lemongrass, catnip, lavender, etc. I recommend using at least one herb from the mint family.

How to Make Bug Spray From Fresh or Dried Herbs

Boil 1 cup of water and add 3-4 TBSP of dried herbs total in any combination from the above. I use 1 TBSP each of peppermint, spearmint, catnip and lavender, and also throw in a couple of dried cloves.
Mix well, cover and let cool (covering is important to keep the volatile oils in!)
Strain herbs out and mix water with 1 cup of witch hazel or rubbing alcohol. Store in a spray bottle in a cool place (fridge is great because then its nice and cool!)
Use as needed. Added bonus: it smells great and is very refreshing to the skin!

Super Strong Insect Repellent Recipe

Fair warning: this stuff stinks when it is wet, though the smell disappears as it dries. It works incredibly well though, and this is the one I use when I’m going to be in the woods or in tick infested areas. It is based on a recipe that was supposedly used by thieves during the Black Plague to keep from getting sick. They used it internally and externally to avoid catching the disease and to keep the flies and other pests away. According to legend, it worked and they survived… but it definitely makes a great insect repellent these days! Its also very inexpensive to make and you probably already have the ingredients in your kitchen!

Vinegar of the Four Thieves Insect Repellent Ingredients:

1 32 ounce bottle of Apple Cider Vinegar
2 TBSP each of dried Sage, Rosemary, Lavender, Thyme and Mint
At least quart size glass jar with airtight lid

How to Make the Vinegar of the Four Thieves Insect Repellent:

Put the vinegar and dried herbs into large glass jar.
Seal tightly and store on counter or place you will see it daily. Shake well each day for 2-3 weeks.
After 2-3 weeks, strain the herbs out and store in spray bottles or tincture bottles, preferably in fridge.
To use on skin, dilute to half with water in a spray bottle and use as needed.
Use whenever you need serious bug control!

(Note: This mixture is very strong and has antiviral and antibacterial properties. It can also be used as a tincture for any illness. For adults, dose is 1 TBSP in water several times a day,for kids over 2, dose is 1 tsp in water several times a day. More on this in an upcoming post!)

Other Simple Insect Repelling Ideas

Use a non-toxic, plastic-free insect-repelling band (I love this one), which is easier to use on children and very effective.
Add vanilla extract to either of the above recipes, or just rub on the skin. You can also mix vanilla with witch hazel and water for a spray version.
Rub lavender flowers or lavender oil on your skin, especially on hot parts of body (neck, underarms, behind ears, etc) to repel insects.
Rub fresh or dried leaves of anything in the mint family all over skin to repel insects (peppermint, spearmint, catnip, pennyroyal, etc or citronella, lemongrass, etc) Basil is also said to repel mosquitoes and I’ve used fresh basil leaves in the garden with great success before!

Lightened Up 7-Layer Dip Lightened Up 7-Layer Dip

Total Time10Minutes

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14 ozs fat-free refried beans
1 cup hummus (I used Roasted Red Pepper)
11/4 ozs taco seasoning (I used low sodium)
16 ozs salsa (Chunky Red)
11/2 cups pico de gallo
11/2 cups guacamole
1 cup reduced fat monterey jack cheese (shredded)
black beans (drained and rinsed)
cherry tomatoes (cut in half)




Read full directions on Mariah's Pleasing Plates
See a problem? Let us know

Nutrition Facts

Amount Per Serving

Calories 200 Calories from Fat 60

% Daily Value *

Total Fat 6g 9%
Saturated Fat 2g 10%
Trans Fat
Cholesterol 10mg 3%
Sodium 1690mg 70%
Potassium 640mg 18%
Total Carbohydrate 28g 9%
Dietary Fiber 9g 36%
Sugars 8g

Protein 12g

Vitamin A 20%
Vitamin C 15%
Calcium 15%
Iron 15%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
10 mins
10 mins
This lightened up 7-layer dip is the perfect party food. By replacing sour cream with hummus and using reduced fat cheese, you save on calories without sacrificing flavor!
Author: Mariah Mercurio

1 Can (14 oz.) Non Fat Refried Beans
1 Cup Hummus (I used Roasted Red Pepper)
½ Packet (1.25 oz) Taco Seasoning (I used low sodium)
1 Jar (16 oz.) Chunky Red Salsa
1½ Cups Pico De Gallo
1½ Cups Guacamole
1 Cup Reduced Fat Monterey Jack Cheese, shredded
Optional Flag Topping:
Black Beans, drained and rinsed
Cherry Tomatoes, cut in half


In an 8 x 8 pan, spread the refried beans in an even layer. In a bowl, combine the hummus and half the package of taco seasoning. Mix well. Spread the hummus evenly on top of the beans. Top evenly with remaining layers starting with the chunky salsa and ending with the guacamole. Top with cheese and refrigerate for 2 hours before serving. Serve with your favorite chips!
Optional Flag Topping: Place a handful of black beans in the corner of the dip on top of the guacamole. Shape them into a square. Place the cherry tomato halves in a few straight lines alternating with lines of cheese in between.


Grilled Tri-Tip Steak with Bell Pepper Salsa Grilled Tri-Tip Steak with Bell Pepper Salsa

Total Time35Minutes

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2 tbsps soy sauce ? Tasty tip
2 tbsps sherry vinegar (or apple cider vinegar)
2 tbsps olive oil
4 garlic cloves (minced)
1/4 tsp ground black pepper (freshly)
2 lbs tri-tip steak (or roast)
ground black pepper (Freshly)
1 bell pepper (large, any color, stem and seeds removed, finely chopped)
4 green onions (thinly sliced, white and green parts)
1 garlic cloves ( finely chopped, 1 teaspoon)
2 tbsps chopped parsley (basil, or arugula)
1/4 tsp crushed red pepper flakes
2 tbsps apple cider vinegar
2 tbsps olive oil
ground black pepper




Read full directions on Simply Recipes
See a problem? Let us know

Nutrition Facts

Amount Per Serving

Calories 100 Calories from Fat 80

% Daily Value *

Total Fat 9g 14%
Saturated Fat 1.5g 8%
Trans Fat
Cholesterol 0%
Sodium 560mg 23%
Potassium 100mg 3%
Total Carbohydrate 3g 1%
Dietary Fiber less than 1g 3%
Sugars less than 1g

Protein less than 1g

Vitamin A 6%
Vitamin C 35%
Calcium 2%
Iron 2%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

Grilled Tri-Tip Steak with Bell Pepper Salsa Recipe

Prep time: 5 minutes
Cook time: 30 minutes
Yield: Serves 6

If you don't have a grill, you can prepare the tri-tip by browning it in a hot cast iron pan on the stove top, then placing it a 325°F oven until the internal temperature of the steak/roast reaches 130°F.



2 Tbsp soy sauce
2 Tbsp sherry vinegar or apple cider vinegar
2 Tbsp olive oil
4 garlic cloves, minced
1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper


One 2-pound tri-tip steak or roast
Freshly ground black pepper


1 large bell pepper (any color), stem and seeds removed, finely chopped
4 green onions, thinly sliced, white and green parts
1 garlic cloves, finely chopped (1 teaspoon)
2 Tbsp chopped parsley, basil, or arugula
1/4 teaspoon red chile flakes
2 Tbsp apple cider or red wine vinegar
2 Tbsp olive oil
Salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste



1 Prepare the marinade in a large bowl, stirring together all of the marinade ingredients. Place steak in the bowl and coat on all sides with the marinade. Marinate for 20 minutes while you are preheating the grill.

2 Prepare the grill for direct high heat. If you are using charcoal, use approximately 5 pounds of coals. Bank the coals so that more of them are on one side than the other, so that you have a high heat zone and a lower heat zone.

3 When the grill is ready and hot, remove the meat from the marinade and pat it dry with paper towels. Sprinkle generously all over with salt and freshly ground black pepper.


4 Place the tri-tip on the hot side of the grill. Leave the cover off and watch carefully for flare-ups. As the meat browns, any fat will melt and drip on to the coals causing flare-ups. These are okay, as long as they don't get out of control. Keep moving the tri-tip around the grill away from the flames if they get too high. Brown well on both sides. When it is browned all around, move the tri-tip to the lower heat side of the grill. Cover the grill and close the vents enough so that you maintain about 300-325°F temperature in the grill. (If you are using a charcoal grill, you can place a meat thermometer through the vents to measure the heat.) If you are using a gas grill, turn off one of the burners and move the meat over that burner for indirect heating.


5 Cook the tri-tip until a meat thermometer reads 130°F when inserted into the thickest part of the meat (15-30 minutes, depending on the thickness of the meat). Remove from grill, cover with foil and let rest for 15 minutes.

6 Make the bell pepper salsa by stirring together all of the salsa ingredients in a small bowl.

7 Cut the tri-tip in 1/4-inch slices across the grain of the meat. Serve with the bell pepper salsa.


Red, White and Blue Potato Salad

Total Time45Minutes

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2 lbs blue potatoes (assorted small red, white and, cut in half)
1 red bell pepper (large, cut into 1 inch dice)
1/2 purple onion (sliced thin)
4 scallions (sliced)
chopped parsley
2 lemon
dressing (lemon and olive oil dressing)



Read full directions on Proud Italian Cook
See a problem? Let us know

Nutrition Facts

Amount Per Serving

Calories 100 Calories from Fat 15

% Daily Value *

Total Fat 2g 3%
Saturated Fat 0g 0%
Trans Fat
Cholesterol 0%
Sodium 15mg 1%
Potassium 580mg 17%
Total Carbohydrate 19g 6%
Dietary Fiber 6g 24%
Sugars 1g

Protein 4g

Vitamin A 15%
Vitamin C 100%
Calcium 6%
Iron 20%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.









Blessing Moon Ritual


July's full moon is known as the Blessing Moon, although it's also called the Meadow Moon. July was originally called Quintilus, but was later renamed in honor of Julius Caesar.


Colors: Green, silver, blue-gray
Gemstones: Moonstone, white agate, opals or pearls
Trees: Ash and oak
Gods: Juno, Venus, Cerridwen, Athena, Nephthys, Lugh
Herbs: Mugwort, hyssop, lemon balm
Element: Water

July Full Moon Ritual
Moon of Fire

Items needed for this ritual include: Candles to place around the perimeter of your circle; Pieces of paper cut into the shape of a holly leaf approximately 2 x 3 inches; A pencil or pen; Six red candles for the altar; Cauldron; Drum or other percussion instrument to accompany chanting (optional).

The Ritual

Light a candle (not one of the six red altar candles), and then walk around the perimeter of your circle lighting the candles you placed on the floor as you say:

Sacred circle, sacred fire,
I beckon you to inspire.
With your power bring to me
Light and wisdom, so mote it be.

Face each direction as you speak, and then light one of the red candles on the altar. For the Goddess and God, face the altar.

I summon ye spirits of North, of Earth. Be the foundation beneath the ashes of the sacred flame of Brigid. I welcome you to my bright circle.

I summon ye spirits of East, of Air. Be the gentle whisper that ignites the spark of the sacred flame of Brigid. I welcome you to my bright circle.

I summon ye spirits of South, of Fire. I call on your powers to build the sacred flame of Brigid. I welcome you to my bright circle.

I summon ye spirits of West, of Water. Be the holy well that balances the sacred flame of Brigid. I welcome you to my bright circle.

Flame of destruction, flame of purification. Lord of All, Lugh, I ask that you guide me through the fire. I welcome you to my bright circle.

Flame of healing, flame of transformation. Lady of All, Brigid, I ask that you guide me through the fire. I welcome you to my bright circle.

We think of holly as relating to Yule, but holly is the Celtic tree month that comprises most of July because it flowers at this time of year. It is in the winter around Yule time that it bears fruit, and so holly represents commitment to something that will come to fruition later. Holly, like fire, represents faith.

Use the slips of holly-shaped paper to make a vow, a commitment to yourself. Write on the paper what it is you need to release from your life, what you need to make a commitment to in order to move forward. It may have to do with your family, your career, your faith. Make a note about some form of transformation needed in your life. You only need to jot down a word or two. The important thing is to fix the intention in your mind and let the paper represent what is to be released.

Give thought to what you may need to release from your life in order to move forward. Is there an obstacle holding you back? Take the holly-shaped paper. Write on it what you need to release from your life, what you need to make a commitment to in order to move forward.
Begin the chant as you think about your intention. When you are ready, pause and then state what you want to release and transform in your life. Carefully, pass the paper through the candle flame and say:

I acknowledge _____________________ and let it go.

Drop the paper into the cauldron and feel freedom as the paper is reduced to ash. Resume chanting. Also drum and/or move around your circle, if you choose.

“We can rise with the fire of freedom,
Truth is the fire that burns our chains,
We can stop the fire of destruction,
Healing is the fire running through our veins.”

When it feels appropriate, bring your chanting (drumming and movement) to stillness.

Use your usual methods for grounding energy.

Stand facing each direction as you speak, and then extinguish its related altar candle. For the Goddess and God, face the altar.

Lady of All, dear Brigid, thank you for this transformation and for your presence in my bright circle this night. I ask for your blessing as you depart, and bid you farewell.

Lord of All, dear Lugh, thank you for your inspiration and for your presence in my bright circle this night. I ask for your blessing as you depart, and bid you farewell.

Spirits of West, of Water, thank you for your balance and for your presence in my bright circle this night. I ask for your blessing as you depart, and bid you farewell.

Spirits of South, of Fire, thank you for your power and for your presence in my bright circle this night. I ask for your blessing as you depart, and bid you farewell.

Spirits of East, of Air, thank you for your gentle whisper and for your presence in my bright circle this night. I ask for your blessing as you depart, and bid you farewell.

Spirits of North, of Earth, thank you for your foundation and for your presence in my bright circle this night. I ask for your blessing as you depart, and bid you farewell.

As you go around the perimeter of your circle extinguishing candles, say:

By the flame of destruction and transformation,
I am strengthened and set free.
May the flame of inspiration and wisdom,
Burn within and stay with me.

Legion of Pagans July 2015 Newsletter

Legion of Pagans July 2015 Newsletter

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~*Month Features for (month)*~

Lore of the Moon of the Month
Monthly Correspondence
Lore on the Tree of the Month
All about the Ritual
Foods & Crafts
Monthly Spell
Other Notable Days

~*Moon Names for July*~

Blessing Moon
Mean Moon
Full Buck Moon
Ripe Corn Moon

~*~ Lore~*~

Named for: “Julius”, named by the Roman senate in honor of 
Julius Caesar and the month of his birth

Anglo-Saxon: Maed-monap

~*Elements for The Month of July*~



Astrological Influences for July:

Cancer: ruled by the Moon, receptive/feminine, cardinal/water

Leo: ruled by the Sun, projective/masculine, fixed/fire

Gods & Goddesses: Cerridwen, Venus, Juno, Hel, Athene
Herbs: gardenia, myrrh, sandalwood, calamus, lemon balm

Stones: green calcite, ruby, peacock ore

Scents: orris, frankincense

Colors: silver, blue gray

Trees: oak, acacia, ash

Elements: Water/Fire

Notable Days :
Blessing Moon~July 1st
Independence Day~July 4th
Blue Moon~July 31st.





Blessing Moon


July's full moon is known as the Blessing Moon, although it's also called the Meadow Moon. July was originally called Quintilus, but was later renamed in honor of Julius Caesar.


Colors: Green, silver, blue-gray
Gemstones: Moonstone, white agate, opals or pearls
Trees: Ash and oak
Gods: Juno, Venus, Cerridwen, Athena, Nephthys, Lugh
Herbs: Mugwort, hyssop, lemon balm
Element: Water
This is a great time to do divination and dreamwork. Find a way to incorporate the watery energy of the Blessing Moon into your spell crafting and ritual. Enjoy the relaxing feeling of July's full moon and use it in your personal meditation.

This rite is written for a group of four people or more, but if you needed to, you could easily adapt it for a solitary practitioner or a family coven.

Summer nights are usually pretty warm, though, so after dark is the best time for an outdoor rituals (be sure to remember the Magical Bug Spray!). Ask each member of the group to bring an item to place on the altar that represents the warmth of the summer growing season. Some ideas would be:

Fresh herbs or flowers
Summer fruits such as strawberries, raspberries
Solar symbols
Sea water, sand or shells
Candles for each of the four quarters
A cup of wine, fruit juice or water
Symbols of summer to decorate your altar

You'll want to include quarter candles*, as well as a cup of wine, fruit juice or water. If you're including Cakes and Ale as part of your celebration, place your cakes on the altar as well.

Assign a member of the group to call each quarter. Each person should stand at their assigned quarter holding their unlit candle (and a lighter or matches), and facing the altar. If there are more than four of you present, form a circle.
Quarter candles are colored candles based on the colors of the four cardinal directions: green for north, yellow for east, red to the south and blue in the west.

The person in the north quarter lights their green candle, holds it to the sky, and says:

We call upon the powers of Earth,
and welcome you to this circle.
The sun's heat has warmed the earth
and will bring us the bounty of the soil,
when the harvest time comes.

Place the candle on the altar.

The person to the east should light her yellow candle, hold it to the sky, and say:

We call upon the powers of Air,
and welcome you to this circle.
May the wind bring us fruitfulness
and togetherness of family and friends,
in this season of growth and light.

Place the candle on the altar.

Moving to the south, light the red candle and hold it to the sky, saying:

We call upon the powers of Fire,
and welcome you to this circle.
May the shining light of this season's moon
illuminate our way at night,
as the sun has brightened our lives by day.

Place the candle on the altar.

Finally, the person to the west lights the blue candle, holds it to the sky, and says:

We call upon the powers of Water,
and welcome you to this circle.
Although the earth may become dry and parched
during the long hot weeks of summer,
we know that again the rains will come
and bring with them life.

Place the candle on the altar.

Have everyone in the circle join hands and say:

We gather tonight by the light of the moon,
to celebrate the season, and rejoice.
May the next turn of the Wheel bring us love
and compassion, abundance and prosperity,
fertility and life.
As the moon above, so the earth below.

Go around the circle, passing the wine, fruit juice or water. As each person takes a sip, they should share one thing they are looking forward to. Summer is a time of growth and development before the harvest arrives. What do you plan to manifest for yourself in the coming month? Now is the time to state your intent.

Take a moment to reflect on the growth you've seen since Spring. When everyone is ready, either move on to your next ceremony -- Cakes and Ale, Drawing Down the Moon, healing rites, etc. -- or end the ritual.



Crescent Moon Cookies


2 1/2 Cups all purpose flour
1 1/2 tsp baking soda
1 1/2 tsp. baking powder
2 Sticks of butter (1 Cup), softened
2 1/2 Cups sugar
1 egg
1 tsp. vanilla extract

Prep Time: 20 minutes
Cook Time: 15 minutes

Total Time: 35 minutes


Blend flour, baking soda, and baking powder together. In another bowl, cream the butter and sugar together. Add the egg to the butter and sugar and mix well. Add vanilla extract. One cup at a time, add the flour mix into the wet ingredients. Mix until it's nice and doughy.

Flour your hands, and roll dough into pieces about the size of a golf ball. Squash it down and shape it into a crescent, and then flatten it down.

Another option is to roll the dough out and cut it with crescent cookie cutters -- be sure to flour your cookie cutters before you use them, or the dough won't come out as well.

Bake on an ungreased baking sheet at 350 for about ten minutes, until the sides begin to brown.

Make icing with the following ingredients:

1 8-oz block of cream cheese, softened
1 stick butter, softened
4 Cups powdered sugar
1 tsp. vanilla extract
1 tsp. milk

Blend the cream cheese and butter together, and then gradually add in the powdered sugar. Add the vanilla and mix well. Blend in the milk (add a little more if your icing doesn't seem creamy enough). After your moon cookies have cooled, use this to frost them.

Optional: add silver sprinkles to your cookies while the frosting is still wet, or dip half the cookie in chocolate and frost the other half in white.

Simple Sabbat Cakes:

3/4 C. soft butter
2 C. brown sugar
2 eggs
1 Tbsp. lemon juice
2 tsp. grated lemon rind
2 C. flour

1 C. finely chopped walnuts (optional)
Powdered sugar

Cream the butter in a large mixing bowl. Gradually add the brown sugar and mix well. Add eggs, lemon juice and rind. Mix until well-blended.

Stir in flour and walnuts. Cover and refrigerate overnight. When chilled, shape dough into crescent moons and place 3" apart on greased cookie sheet. Bake at 375 for 8 -10 minutes. Allow to cool before serving. If you like, sprinkle them with powdered sugar as they cool.


What & When is a Blue Moon?

There are two astronomical definitions of a Blue Moon; both are a type of Full Moon. When the Moon very rarely actually looks blue, it's because of a certain size dust particles in the atmosphere.


The next Blue Moons

Year Date
2015 Friday, July 31
2016 Saturday, May 21

Once in a blue moon means very rarely. But just how rare depends on your definition.

In astronomy, Blue Moon is defined as either the third full moon of an astronomical season with four full moons or the second full moon in a calendar month.

Such a blue Moon (second full Moon in single calendar month) will next occur on Friday, July 31, 2015 at 10:43 am UTC.

Contrary to popular belief, a blue moon is not actually blue in color. Blue moon is a term that is used to describe the third full moon of a season that has four full moons.

A year has four seasons - Spring, Summer, Fall (Autumn), and Winter - with three months and three full moons each. When one of the seasons in a year has four full moons, instead of the usual three, the third full moon is called a blue moon.

These days, the second full moon in a calendar month is also often referred to as a blue moon. This particular use was popularized due to a misinterpretation in a 1946 article in Sky and Telescope magazine. Such blue moons occur rather frequently - at least once every two or three years. The next such blue moon will occur on July 31, 2015.

Are blue Moons rare?

Blue colored moons do rarely occur when dust or smoke particles in the air are of a specific size. Such particles help create a blue colored moon by scattering blue light.

Red moons, which can be caused by other sizes of dust particles or lunar eclipses, are much more common than blue moons.

The phrase, once in a blue moon, is colloquially used to suggest that something is very rare.

Why the third Moon?

There are different accounts of why the third full moon of a season of four full moons is called a blue moon.

For instance, the Ecclestical calendar, which indicates the dates of the Christian fasts and festivals, uses the phases of the moon to determine the exact dates for holidays like Lent and Easter. The month of Lent contains the Lenten Moon. The first full moon of Spring – also known as Easter Moon or Paschal Moon – falls a week before Easter. In order to ensure that Lent and Easter coincides with the phases of the moon, the calendar has termed the third moon of the season as the blue moon.

Another version of this is that since each full moon of a normal year already has a given name, for instance Harvest Moon, the 13th nameless full moon in a year was named a blue moon. This way the lunations and calendars werw aligned to make sure celebrations and customs would still fall during their "proper" times.

Did you know?

About once every 19 years, the month of February does not have a full moon. The years when this happens, also have two full moons in two different months. This phenomenon will occur next in 2018.

Preparing for the Blue Moon Ceremony!

Preparing for the Blue Moon Ceremony!

FIVE BEST STEPS to setting consistent, conscious, and collective intentions:
Write them down.
Start with three.
Write them in full sentences, in the present tense, in positive terms (i.e., what you DO want vs. what you DON’T want or want to avoid). And do this every month at the new moon. Be as specific as you can. The clearer you can be in your description of your desired outcomes, the better.
The Universe thrives on details. When you have them written down, speak them out loud. You don’t need an audience; you can say them to yourself. But spoken words have a higher energetic vibration than thoughts. Speaking of thoughts, mind yours. You need to affirm these intentions, not undermine them. Negative thoughts that counteract the direction of your intention confuse the energy patterns and sabotage the effectiveness of this process. No negative self-chatter allowed! Share your intentions with supportive people. Get them to send energy toward your goals too by speaking as if these intentions are already manifesting.

Blue Moon Esbat Ritual

This simple ritual is designed to bring in the Blue Moon energies for setting goals and making lifetime commitments to oneself that should manifest positive changes. These changes may take several weeks, months or even a full year to complete. Honor the Goddess and yourself by allowing these changes to manifest in their own time.

Perform this ritual outside under the Blue Moon if possible or indoors at a window facing the Blue Moon.

What you’ll need:

A white candle to represent the Goddess
Blue and/or white candles for decorating the altar
Blue or white altar cloth
Statue of the Goddess (optional)
Blue piece of paper
Blue pencil or wax crayon
Blue string

Decorate your altar with a blue or white altar cloth, blue and/or white candles and a Goddess statue or something that reminds you of the Goddess. You may also add anything that evokes sacred femininity for you such as flowers, a chalice or cauldron, lunar objects, et cetera.

Before beginning your ritual, perform a Moon Bath Ritual or other purification bath.

If your tradition calls for you to cast a circle, do so now. Light the Goddess candle and standing in the Goddess position and say:

“Hear me Lady from high above
I stand this night in light and love
I ask for your heart and hand to guide
As I perform this sacred rite

Blue Moon so full and bright
The thirteenth moon of lunar sight
May triumph reign upon this night
As change begins by Blue Moon light”

Light the rest of the candles if you’ve added them to your altar. Now take some time to meditate about all the changes you want to make, the goals you want to set for yourself, the commitments you want to make. Write them down on the blue piece of paper with a blue pencil or wax crayon. When you are done, roll the paper up and tie the blue string around it. Now, holding it in your hand say something like this:

“Gracious lady bring to me the changes that I seek
And grant to me upon this night your feminine mystique
Give me the strength to follow through in everything I do
And in my heart place upon joyful devotion to you
Guide my steps and where I walk with pride and humbleness
To speak my truth from my heart where boundless love abides
And at the end of the day when I lay down my head
May I be blessed by the things that I have said
Help me to serve in all the tasks that I am led to do
With verve and loving kindness so that I may honor you
Gracious lady this I ask in all sincerity
By doing this may I stand tall, upright and carefree”

Now light the paper and place it into your cauldron, fire pit or whatever you use for this purpose. Imagine all your changes coming to fruition and when you are ready you may end the ritual according to your tradition.

Be Blessed )O(

What is a Black Moon?

There are several definitions of Black Moon. It can be the third New Moon in an astronomical season with four New Moons or the second New Moon in the same calendar month.

The phases of the Moon Black Moon is not a well known term in the astronomy world. In recent years, the term has been made popular by astrologers and followers of the Wiccan religion.

No Single Definition

There is no single accepted definition of a Black Moon. The term has been commonly used to refer to any of the following phenomena associated with the New Moon:

Second New Moon in a calendar month: These Black Moons occur relatively often - once every 2.5 years.
Third new moon in a season of four New Moons: Astronomers divide a year into four seasons - spring, summer, fall (autumn), and winter. Usually, each season has 3 months and 3 New Moons. When a season has 4 New Moons, the 3rd New Moon is called a Black Moon.
A calendar month without a New Moon: This can only happen in the month of February. When this occurs,January and March will have two New Moons, instead of the usual one New Moon.
A calendar month without a Full Moon: About once every 19 years, the month of February does not have a Full Moon. Instead, January and March have two Full Moons each. The next Black Moon by this definition will occur in February 2018.

Seasons calculator: Equinoxes and Solstices worldwide

Upcoming Black Moon

October 2016 will have two New Moons - on October 1, 2016 and on October 30, 2016. The second New Moon on October 30, 2016 will be a Black Moon.

Year Date/Month Type
2016 Sep 30 Second New Moon in a single calendar month
2017 Aug 21 Third New Moon in a season with four New Moons
2018 Feb Calendar month without a Full Moon

Ritual Significance

Black Moons hold special significance to people who practise certain forms of Pagan religions and who believe certain actions become more potent when performed on the night of a Black Moon.


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*July 2015* *Blue Moon*

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Ripe Corn Moon Ritual

Ya Ta Say Tribal Families~

As we move into the season of the Ripe Corn or Crane Moon depending on your tribe, we celebrate the warm summer season as we give gratitude for the abundant gifts from Mother Earth.

Apache~moon of the horse/time of ripeness
Cherokee~kuyegwona=ripe corn moon
Choctaw~Hash Luak Mosholi=green corn festival
Comanche~urui mua=hot moon
Cree~opaskwuwipizun=moon when ducks begin to molt
Hopi~nimanmuya=moon of homedance
Lakota~canpasapa wi=moon when the chokecherries are black
Shawnee~miini kiishthwa=blackberry moon
Shoshone~daza-mea'=summer moon

JULY: Ripe Corn Moon Guyegwoni

First foods or the new planting and the roasting ears of corn are ready. Towns begin the cycle festivals. Dances and celebrations of thanks to the Earth Mother and the "Apportioner" Unethlana are given. In the old times this was the traditional time of the "Green Corn Dance" or festival. A common reference of this moon is the "first roasting of ears" (of corn)...sweet corn-moon

7 Sacred Directions of the Cherokee
go-la or Winter

North is the keeper of winter. The North is associated to the color blue and represents sadness, humility and defeat. Winter is the season of survival and waiting. The Cherokee word for North is u-yv-tlv and translates to cold. It is the direction of the Mental, and is the path of Quiet. The key is sharing and teaching.

gi-la-go-ge or Spring

East is the keeper of spring. The East is associated to the color red and represents victory, power, and war. Spring is the re-awakening of Mother Earth after a long sleep and the victory over go-la. The Cherokee word for East is ka-lv-gv. It is the direction of the Spiritual and is the path of the Sun. The key is coming together and honoring the Elders.

go-ga or Summer

South is the keeper of summer. The South is associated to the color white. The Cherokee word for white is and the color represents peace, happiness, and serenity. The Cherokee word for South is u-ga-no-wa and translates to warm. Is the direction of the Natural and is the path of Peace. The key is innocence.

u-la-go-hv-s-di or Autumn

West is the keeper of autumn. The West is associated to the color black. The Cherokee word for black is a-gv-ni-ge and the color represents death. The Cherokee word for West is wu-de-li-gv and translates to where it is hidden. It is the direction of the Physical and is the path of Introspection. The key is to help those less fortunate.

A'-hni' or Center The color for the center is green and represents here, where we are now. The Cherokee word for green is i'-tse-yu'-s-di which means of the new kind.


Above is the color yellow and represents peace and order of the seven worlds above.The Cherokee word for yellow is da-lo-ni-ge


The color for below is orange/brown which represents the chaos and turmoil of the Earth ever changing.

I know as Voodooisants, that little heed is paid to the moon, its various phases, etc. But there is some pretty interesting facts (and lore) about the individual full moons and traditions that go along with some of them.

The July full moon, which is coming up has a few different names associated with it, depending on what occupation or population was working by it.

Hunters often call the July moon the "Full Buck Moon" as this is the month that buck deer begin to push new antlers out covered in a rich velvety covering.

Farmers have 2 names for the July Moon. One is the "Full Thunder Moon" because of the many storms during this month. The other name is the "Full Hay Moon" as it is typically the month when most second hay cuttings are done -- which is the richest and most plentiful hay of the season.

American Indians and Colonial Americans called this moon the "Moon of Middle Summer" or just "Midsummer Moon"  (Nice to know they agreed on something back then ;-) )

The Cherokee call it the "Ripe Corn Moon" as this is when the corn harvest began for them.

The Chinese call this the "Hungry Ghost Moon" and if you read a bit about it, it sounds somewhat like out Fet Ghede. Each year, for the entire 7th Lunar month, the traditional Chinese observe this month as the month dedicated to the wandering souls and the ancestors who have passed on.  This year, 25 Jul 2006 marks as the first day of the 7th Lunar Month. It is believed by the ancient Chinese that on this day, the ghosts could come up from the "below". And it is also believed that those who died young or in unusual circumstances could become wandering souls. Unless their relatives have arranged for the proper conducting of ritual to raise them up from such status, they would remain wandering all the time. And during this month, the traditional Chinese would offer their departed ancestors or relatives as well as the wandering souls with food and joss-papers (money for the nether world). If you hit Google, you can find some pretty ornate photos of altars used to feed dem hungry ones!

The more Pagan-minded among is might recognize the July full moon as the "Mead Moon".The Mead Moon is the time of observance of the making of mead, a sweet wine, or harvesting honey and making herbal teas. 

I did find some references to this month also being called the "Claiming Moon" but I'm not sure about the background on that. I think it could have to do with courtship, maybe. If anyone has any ideas about this one, please pipe in!

I think my favorite so far is the "Hungry Ghost Moon" - there is just soooo much to like about that!

The Native American-style Green Corn Ritual


1.  Preparation & Purification - To be done at home, beforehand

Purification of Self -  Bathe at home before arriving and fast (do not eat) until the “cakes & ale” portion of the ritual and feast after the ritual.  If you are female, please wear leg-covering clothing.

Purification of Home - Everyone is to bring a small, worn-out item from home to burn in the fire as part of the ritual cleansing and renewal.  Any small item that will burn up, without releasing toxic fumes will do (no plastics, rubber, styrofoam). Suggested items to burn: small ripped clothing items, old shoe (no rubber parts), broken baskets, candle stubs, small portion of old furniture (chair leg or scrap of the upholstery), credit card or loan statements you wish forgiven or paid off this year, rotten food from the fridge (in a brown paper bag, please). You may bring extra items for those who forget.


Purification of Ritual Space –  Once arbor has been blessed & procession starts, please do not enter or cut across circle area until told do so in ritual.

Quarters:  Quarters and Minions, please set up your tables appropriately. It is preferable to bring Native American items, such as dream catchers, bows & arrows, arrow points, pottery, baskets, rattles, drums, prayer fans, feathers, Kachinas, ears of corn, Be sure to have a bowl of corn meal at each quarter alter to sprinkle about as you cast and open the circle.

Colors & Correlations: Gold, yellow, olive green, navy blue, turquoise. Incense: Sweetgrass, Sage, Cedar, Copal, sandalwood, frankincense, heather, yarrow, hazelwood. Traditional Motifs: Corn, wheat, native designs.


East (Wind, Air): White, Gray; Eagle; Power of Vision

South (Fire): Yellow, Gold, Red; Hare & White Buffalo Woman; Power of Energy

West (Water): Blue, Navy Blue, Turquoise; Bear; Power of Strength

North (Earth): Olive Green, Grass Green, Yellow; Wolf; Power of Wisdom

Needs:  Arbor decorated with greenery, flowers, ears of corn; spring (bottled) water in bowl; sage smudge stick, sweetgrass, and cedar chips (in pot to burn); tobacco (to sprinkle on ground; supply of candles in big basket, placed to the East of the circle (enter from the east); thorns (for scratching); 5 bowls of cornmeal.

People needed: Leaders (priest & priestess), water sprinkler, smudge-person, candle-handler person, Drummers, quarters, and minions. ** IMPORTANT! Drummers will be positioned to the NORTH SIDE of the circle.


µ Ritual Begins µ

2. Ritual and Purification of Space –  (Notes for procession:  (do not read aloud) After pre-ritual entertainment, the Priest & Priestess will call out for the ritual participants to gather by the patio and remind all to bring along old items to burn. Priest & Priestess will lead all in procession around the garden and through the wigwam (arbor) from the east.  Exiting the arbor, participants will be sprinkled with spring water and smudged with sweetgrass, cedar, and sage smoke as purification.  Everyone will receive an unlit candle. Tobacco is to be sprinkled on the ground in the arbor (wigwam) beforehand.)


Priest:  (Recite this by the patio, lead the procession around the garden, and enter through the arbor FROM THE EAST.)

This is the time of year we celebrate the first harvest.  We honor the Earth Mother and thank her for her bounty. It is a time of togetherness and renewal.  In some cultures, it is called Lughnasadh or Lammas, but in the Native American cultures, it is frequently referred to as the Green Corn Festival or First Fruits Festival.


The Green Corn Dance (or Festival) is held by many corn-growing tribes, such as the Creek, Shawnees, Cherokee, Seminole, Muscogee, Yuchi, Iroquois, and most Pueblo tribes, such as the Hopi and Santa Clara.


The themes of tonight’s ritual are cleansing, renewal, forgiveness, diversity and respect, and most importantly, gratitude for what we have been blessed with in our lives.


A wigwam, otherwise known as an arbor, in the language of the Mohegan tribe, means “Welcome; come into the house.” Please bring your old items to burn and follow me in procession through the WIGWAM from the East.



* Cue CD:  #1:  “The Gathering” by Mary Youngblood, Album: “The Offering”  

* Drummers: Play softly, slowly, solemnly, like a heartbeat over this piece until the circle is formed.

3. Creating Sacred Space – Casting of the circle and inviting of energies from the four directions. Circle is formed by guests (participants).

Priestess:   (Drummers: Stop)           (“Grandfather Great Spirit Prayer” ~ Sioux)

Grandfather Great Spirit,

All over the World -  The faces of living things are alike.

With tenderness - They have come up out of the ground.

Look upon your children - That they may face the winds

And walk The Good Road, to The Day of Quiet.


Grandfather Great Spirit,

Fill us with the Light.

Give us the strength to understand

And the eyes to see.

Teach us - To walk the soft earth as relatives to all that live.


The Great Spirit created the Sky, the Moon, the Earth, and all of the Beings on it.  

We are gathered here to celebrate the renewal of our Earth Mother and her bountiful blessings.


Now please call the quarters starting with the East.

After each quarter all may repeat, “Blessed are you.”


*Drummers: Play slow, steady, solemn Native-American style beat while each 

Quarter & Minion rounds the circle.


*Drummers: Stop as Quarter calls Spirits.


East Quarter: (Sprinkle cornmeal as you go around the circle)

To the East, where the Wind blows…..

We call forth the Spirit of Brother Eagle!

Eagle! Teach us to learn your Power of Vision!

Blessed by the Great Spirit are you!


Audience:  “Blessed are you!”


South Quarter: (Sprinkle cornmeal as you go around the circle)

To the South, where the warmth grows…

We call forth the Spirits of Sister Hare & White Buffalo Woman!

Hare! Guide us to have your Power of Great Energy!

Blessed by the Great Spirit are you!


Audience:  “Blessed are you!”


West Quarter: (Sprinkle cornmeal as you go around the circle)

To the West, where the water flows…

We call forth the Spirit of Brother Bear!

Bear! Guide us to have your Power of Strength!

Blessed by the Great Spirit are you!


Audience:  “Blessed are you!”


North Quarter: (Sprinkle cornmeal as you go around the circle)

The North, where the cold wind blows…

We call forth the Spirit of Brother Wolf!

Wolf! Teach us to have your Power of Wisdom!

Blessed by the Great Spirit are you!


Audience:  “Blessed are you!”



Oh, Great Spirit, we honor and give thanks to you.

Protect us from harm in this Sacred Space.

In Peace and Togetherness, let us begin our renewal.

Blessed be!                                                                 (~ Black Diamond)


4.        Statement of the Purpose –  “What is the Corn Festival?”;

                                                      “I am Corn!” (Hopi Traditional Thought)



Some people believe that human beings were made from corn by the Great Spirits. Ask a Hopi what he's made of and he or she will probably reply, "I am corn"!


Mother Earth is the Corn Mother and the Sun, Earth, Rain, Corn, and humankind are obliged to live in a natural harmonic rhythm with the Universe.


Through the transmutation of food: corn,…our blood becomes the liquefied energy of the sun and stars. 


It comes to us through the shifting patterns of the cosmos and the ecological phases of the earth before it delivers the essences of life to us through our blood.


Thereby, setting within us a rhythm of life which should be observed and respected!



The First People  -  understood, in their Wisdom, that the Earth was a living entity like themselves. She was their mother.  They were made from her flesh.

Her milk was the grass upon which all animals grazed -   

and the corn that was created especially for food for humankind.


But the corn plant is also a living entity with a body -  

And the people built its flesh into their own.

Hence, corn was also their Mother.


Thusly, we know our Mother in two aspects, as Mother Earth and the Corn Mother.


And in their wisdom, the First People also knew their father in two ways.

He was the Sun - the solar god of the Universe.

His was the face….   through which looked…   the Great Creator.


These two universal entities are our real parents.

Our human parents - being but instruments - through which their power is made manifest.



This, our Green Corn Festival, is a celebration of the first harvest of the bounty to sustain us for another year.  It is a time of cleansing and renewal.


Corn is a life-giving essential to the native peoples of this land.  Therefore, the green corn must be blessed, and the homes and the people of our tribe must be cleansed and made worthy before the first corn can be harvested.


We worship tonight in the style of the Creek, the Cherokee, Seminole, Muscogee, Iroquois, the Hopi, many Pueblo peoples.  We give thanks for the corn, rain, sun, and a good harvest. 



Priestess: (Walk around, if possible, but return to alter to get cornmeal or take it with)

We clean and bless ourselves and our homes.


We council with each other in our families and community for the forgiveness of wrongdoings and debts.


It is also a time of honoring young people with names and rites of passage.


We give respect and gratitude to each other and to the Great Spirit, our Creator, for the blessing bestowed upon our lives.  


(Pick up a handful of corn meal)

This Cornmeal we bless with symbolizes abundance of life, health, fertility, and the power from the Creator.

(Sprinkle cornmeal in four directions).

5. The Work, the Magick, Ritual Observance  


Cleansing (Appeal to the Corn Mother)


*Drumming & Chanting:  “Earth is Our Mother”  - (Do all 4 Verses)

   Note - Lisa: Bring extra Mike to put at drum area


The Earth is our Mother; we must take care of Her.

The Earth is our Mother; we must take care of Her.

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya


The Earth is our Mother; She will take care of us.

The Earth is our Mother; She will take care of us.

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya


The sacred ground we walk upon, with every step we take

The sacred ground we walk upon, with every step we take

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya


The Earth is our Mother; we must take care of Her.

The Earth is our Mother; we must take care of Her.

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya

Hay-on, Hay-on, Hay-on-ya


*Drummers: Stop


(Notes on Ritual Scratching – Cleansing of self (Priest & Priestess only) Done during the prayer. Priest and Priestess will ritually open a small scratch on their arm. This is a symbolic “bloodletting” to let the evil spirits and sickness out of the body. It traditionally is done with thorns on a branch or an animal claw tied to a stick.)




The Priestess & I will now perform, for the benefit of all, a ritual and collective cleansing of self.  This is to let the evil and disease out of our bodies and restore us all to balance.  At the appropriate pause you may respond with, “Hear your children!”                                                


Priest: (Sprinkle cornmeal in four directions.)   (“A Prayer to the Corn Mother” 

We bless with cornmeal.                                                      ~Pawnee, adapted)

Mother Corn, hear your children!
Mother Corn, open the way!  

(Pick up thorn – scratch wrist)


Audience: Hear your children!


Priestess: (Sprinkle cornmeal in four directions.)

Mother Corn, hear your children!
Mother Corn, let us through you, open the way!
(Pick up thorn – scratch wrist)


Audience: Hear your children!



Mother Corn, we pray to you.
Mother Corn, open the way!


Audience: Hear your children!     

The Blessing of the Corn - Ritual Feast – (Normally known as “Cakes and Ale”)


Priestess: (Hold cup of tea up high.)

This is a sharing of the ritual cleansing “BLACK DRINK”, in our case black tea.

Besides cleansing the body, it also gives courage and daring during times of trouble and strength to keep ties of friendship. 


(Hold corn cake up high.)

This is the fruit of our Corn Mother as she gives us life.

This is the ending of our fast and the blessing of the CORN.



Minions, please distribute so all may partake of CORN BREAD and BLACK DRINK.  Please do not eat or drink until after the Blessing is finished. And then you may throw your cups in the fire.


*Cue CD #2 – “The Offering” by Mary Youngblood, Album: “The Offering”


*Drumming & Chanting – (Drum over the CD,  Play while Minions distribute ritual cornbread and “Black Drink” tea.)

“Earth Our Body” (4 verses).  


Earth, our Body; Water, our Blood;

Air, Our Breath; and Fire, our Spirit. (repeat 4 times)


Minions:  (Distribute corn cakes and tea to each quarter of the circle.)  


Thanking the Deities –  The Offering


*Drummers: Stop


Priest: (When all are served, signal drummers & CD music to stop, hold four ears of corn up high, point them toward the four directions.)

We make an offering to the Thunder Beings and to the Ancestor Spirits as a gesture of thanks for a fruitful corn harvest.  

Priestess: (Sprinkles cornmeal in four directions.)

Let us now give our Prayer of Thanksgiving.


P & P (alternate lines):         (“Thanksgiving Prayer”, ~Iroquois adapted)

We return thanks to our Mother, the Earth, which sustains us.

We return thanks to the rivers and streams, which supply us with water.

We return thanks to all herbs, which furnish medicines for the cure of our diseases.

We return thanks to the moon and stars, which have given us their light when the sun was gone.

We return thanks to the sun that has looked upon the earth with a beneficent eye.

Lastly, we return thanks to the Great Spirit, in who is embodied all goodness, and who directs all things for the good of Her children.


Priest: (Take the four ears of corn and place them in the fire.)

This is Thanksgiving for another year of life! 

You may eat and drink now! You may throw you cups into the fire.


Priestess: (After eating & drinking)(“Thanks to the Corn Mother” –Iroquois, adapted)

Please respond with, “Hear your Children!”               

Mother Corn, hear your children! Mother Corn, thank you for this day.


Audience: Hear your children!


Mother Corn, hear your children! Mother Corn, we feast on you!

We are grateful are we for the life you give.


Audience: Hear your children!


Mother Corn, we pray to you! Mother Corn, bless our harvest, bless this day!


Audience: Hear your children!               

Meet Lady Hawk!

This same hawk has been following me for 5 years now up the Idaho panhandle over four major moves. Reason I know it is when I first met her I noticed one tallon missing like the end of one toe had been caught in a fight or trap. She flew into my first fire pit perched upon one of the standing stones of the sacred pit. I have moved many of those same stones to this new fire pit at my permanent home. Today and every day she fly's over the pit checking it out. Soon I believe she will land perched upon the old ponderosa pine tree.

Hawk Totem

Red Tailed Hawk Affirmation Card: I am healed and empowered through my visions. My life moves forward.

There are many types of Hawks found throughout the world and each has medicine specific to their individual types. Yet there also characteristics that are specific to all Hawks and those are the focus here.

Hawks are visionaries and messengers. As a totem they help to open the higher chakras so that we may hear and see the visions and messages that Spirit and the Universe are always sending our way. There is never a moment when the Universe is not trying to get a message through to us but we are so often too busy or unaware of what it is we need to be watching for! Hawk helps us to not only be aware that we are receiving a message but how to interpret them. The realm of symbols is also the realm of Hawk for Hawk is able to soar high above the earth to soar on the breath of Spirit, to commune with Spirit and thus understand through the intuitive level what the message means and with their keen eyesight, how to implement it once they return to earth through seeing the broader picture below.

Many of the messages Hawk may bring are about freeing yourself of thoughts and beliefs that are limiting your ability to soar above your life and gain a greater perspective. If one remains earthbound, then the possibilities of life are limited! It is this ability to soar high above to catch a glimpse of the bigger picture that is one of the aspects of Hawk medicine that makes it so valuable: If one is undergoing a difficult passage to know that just over the next hill is freedom and liberation if one keeps going can be a Godsend in supporting the person to keep moving forward! Likewise, if the path is not appropriate, Hawk Medicine can alert one to this and point out a far more favourable path.

Hawk medicine unites Heaven and Earth. Because of their ability to soar, they are able to reach up to the heavens to extract needed information and bring it back to earth. Much of this information is also very practical for use on a daily basis! It is not only higher concepts or ideas that are relayed, but also information we need to make our material or mundane lives more prosperous and fulfilling. For those who have difficulty attracting financial well being due to false or negative beliefs about money and success, Hawk can help to understand the true spiritual intent and purpose behind money and guide one in establishing new beliefs that are more joyful and abundant in nature.

Hawk can alert us to those times when we should NOT take action because we do not yet have all the information we need. For example, someone is thinking of about becoming involved in a relationship, personal or business, yet they get the feeling that something is "not quite right". This needs to be heeded and Hawk sent forth to gather the appropriate information to help the person make the best choice. Sometimes the person finds that Hawk was telling them to steer clear for very good reasons!

Hawk can also help balance those who are more attuned to the lunar sides of their nature and have trouble expressing the solar side in pursuit of their goals. It helps the person to activate the positive aspects of their sun sign and to balance it with the lunar needs.

Hawk people have their own unique challenges in life. Often they feel misunderstood in that when they attempt to deliver an important message others may shy away from it or respond with anger. Sometimes the messages may not be what the other person really wants to hear and yet the Hawk person feels duty bound to relay the message, no matter the consequences. It is important however that Hawk people do be aware of how they are presenting the messages they receive. They need more than many others to try and deliver the messages as gently as they can, only becoming more forceful if their inner guidance absolutely says it is needed. Sometimes simply thinking through for a time what needs to be said can help Hawk medicine people find just the right words to use that will make all the difference and in this they should be encouraged to take their time and soar above for a while before speaking their truth.

Hawk medicine people like many who carry strong predator totems may be shunned by others who sense and fear their inner power. Others may sense that this is a person who can see straight through them and as many folks think in terms of judging things as being good or bad, they are afraid that the Hawk person will see who they "really" are and so they strike first in an attempt to keep the Hawk person at bay. Hawk people need to learn how to veil their energy somewhat, not as an attempt to deceive others but to allow people to get to know them and understand that Hawk has no interest in judging others. Often these people have seen so much of the best and worst in life that they find they have no need to judge. All is part and parcel of Spirit's plan and if Spirit sees fit not to judge, why should the Hawk person?

Some Hawk people may have a tendency because of their vast ability to see clear through to the heart of things to become arrogant and this should be avoided because it keeps them earthbound as well as turning other people off! Often this starts as confusion on the part of the Hawk person who cannot understand why others seem unable to be as aware of the larger picture and their own issues and projections. Especially when the Hawk person also has Mercury in Aquarius or in Mercury in aspect to Uranus which further enhances their ability to see and know, they may fail to understand that others are not as well developed yet in these areas and blurt out what they see and know without thinking of how it may impact another person. If they can keep in mind that their talents and abilities are gifts they have been given and that others carry medicine that the Hawk person may be weak in expressing it helps them to stay focused on Spirit as the true messenger and that they are the Hollow Bones for the energy to flow through. No totem is better than another! Each is part of the larger tapestry and as such all are powerful and important.

Some with Hawk medicine find they have difficulty attracting the "right life Partner". Hawk people may find that they tend to attract more "earthy" types who find the Hawk person's need to "soar" disruptive or unimportant. This may occur because at a deeper level the Hawk person is fearful of soaring too high and crashing to earth Icarus like. In this instance, the Hawk person's real issue is one of learning how to trust themselves and their medicine. Hawk people can pair well with more earth centered people because the earthy person can encourage the Hawk person to stay on earth long enough to bring some of their visions and ideas to fruition before soaring off to the Heights again. It can be very easy for hawk people to want to stay high above the earth and never bring their wonderful ideas back to earth where they and others can put them practice.

Since Hawks mate for life, the Hawk Person may need to accept that it may take them some time before they find the person meant for them yet when they do, it is well worth the wait! Otherwise the Hawk person may find themselves tied to someone and unable to free themselves easily because of the deep entanglements they have created with this other person. Especially if children are involved in the relationship, the Hawk person may feel an extra strong sense of duty to stay in the relationship for the "sake of the children" as in many cases I have seen where the Hawk person ended up as the sole provider for the family . What the Hawk person needs is someone who can accept and honour their gifts and talents, giving them the space they need to soar high above.

In the Celtic tradition Hawk empowers a person to seek out their ancestral roots and to examine in depth that which is positive so that it may be integrated into the person's life and that which is limiting so it can be released. Tradition is only worth honoring when it supports joy and fulfillment in one's life! In this tradition Hawk also supports the solar side as stated above, helping a person to move forward in life and to seek out great quests to embark upon.

In the Egyptian Tradition Hawk was associated with Magic and shapeshifting. Isis is said to have shapeshifted into a Hawk to save Osiris. Horus also carried Hawk medicine which allowed him to see the "unseeable".

Among Native American traditions, Hawk served the role of Mercury, bringer of messages and portents of change. Hawk reminded the people they needed to be awake and aware.

One of the greatest gifts a Hawk medicine person can give the world is their visions of a better and brighter future. Visionaries are always ahead of their time and it's not easy seeing what others are not ready to see. Often these people are not honoured and recognized for their work and efforts until long after they have crossed over. And yet their work lives on to touch and enrich the lives of people the world over! Honour the Hawk people you meet in your life. Encourage them to soar so they may bring their visions and messages back to earth that all may benefit. If you are a Hawk person yourself, understand that Spirit can you an especial task to hold the energy of what could be, of potentials that are waiting to be envisioned and thus expressed through the mass consciousness. Seek out other Hawk people who can support you in your life and never allow others to cause you to lose sight of what is really important to you! Trust in the messages that Spirit entrusts to your special care and know that the expression of your visions will bring blessings not only to you, but also to all others!

Here is a brief expression of three specific Hawk medicines:

Red Tailed Hawk - An intensified Life force, often those who carry this Hawk medicine have Pluto and Mars strong in the horoscope. These folks are able to achieve great things through persistence and sheer strength of will. This Hawk can also help a person understand and overcome obstacles to prosperity and abundance.

Harris Hawk - represents cooperation and support from others. Libra or Venus may be strong in the horoscope or Venus in Aquarius or in the 11th house. A more Mercurial/Virgo aspect is also prominent with this medicine, also the North Node in Virgo or the 11th house. This Hawk helps one to spread the word about goals or projects to those people who can be helpful for you. For those who use music to help them soar high above, this is a wonderful totem to be working with as it helps to integrate music and sound as a healing modality.

Sparrowhawk - Awareness that opportunities that seem small on the surface have the potential for great growth and expansion over time. This Hawk helps us to see through to the heart of events and synchronicities that are trying to lead us to our greater goals and higher good. So often we ignore the smaller things in life because we can't see how they could possibly be of much use to us or help us to resolve a problem. Yet when we soar high above to see where they fit in the larger scheme of things, we see how they are a jumping off point that if it were not presented to us and pursued, we could not reach that we are truly seeking.

When you have the hawk as a spirit animal, you may have an inclination towards using the power of vision and intuition in your daily life. The hawk totem provides wisdom about seeing situations from a higher perspective, using the power of observation, and focusing on the task at hand. It’s a good companion to develop spiritual awareness.

Hawk Totem Meaning

The hawk spirit animal or totem has several attributes and meanings:

Hawk is the messenger of the spirit world
Use the power of focus
Take the lead when the time is right
Power to see, clear vision
Strong connection with spirit, increased spiritual awareness
Hawk spirit animals belong to the realm of bird medicine. It carries the symbolism that comes with the ability to fly and reach the skies.

The hawk spirit animal as the messenger

The hawk can soar high and reach the heavens effortlessly. As most bird totems, this power animal is often considered as a messenger who brings messages from the spirit world and the unseen.

If you have the hawk as a spirit animal, you may be inclined to play with divination tools and use your intuition to guide your steps in life. Working with the hawk totem could reinforce your ability to rely this type of guidance.

When the hawk shows up in your life, be sensitive to the messages it may carry and be receptive to your own intuition.

Main meaning of hawk totems and the power of focus

Hawk spirit animals invite us to be focused in our daily undertakings. When you feel the presence of the hawk totem, avoid distractions and focus on the task at hand.

At the same time, hawks can soar and fly high in the sky. This animal has the power to provide support in gaining a higher level perspective on any issue or project you undertake. When the hawk appears in your life, it’s perhaps time to be less distracted by the details and focus on the higher perspective. Relying on the hawk power, you can see what’s ahead clearly and defy any obstacles that may be on your way. A specific way the hawk guidance works is to use a high level and yet clear and focused vision to guide your action.

The hawk’s gifts include clear sightedness, being observant, long distance memory, messages from the universe, guardianship, recalling past lives, courage, wisdom, illumination, seeing the bigger picture, creativity, truth, experience, wise use of opportunities, overcoming problems, magic, focus.

Hawk is associated with the number 14, with the tarot card Temperance. The Temperance card represents the teaching of higher expressions of psychic ability and vision.

The Hawk represents a messenger in the Native American culture. It often shows up in our life when we need to pay attention to the subtle messages found around us, and from those we come into contact with. As with all messages received, it is important to recognise the messages underlying truth. We will be taught to be observant and also pay attention to what we may overlook. This could mean a talent we aren’t using, a gift or unexpected help for which we haven’t shown our gratitude for, or a message from the Universe. As there are so many hawk varieties, the messages vary and can affect all levels of our psyche.

Hawks are the protectors and visionaries of the Air. They hold the key to higher levels of consciousness. This power animal enables us to awakens vision and inspires a creative life purpose. Having Hawk as power animal means your life will be filled with responsibility, because Hawk people seek the overall view. You will most probably be aware of omens and spirit messages.

A Red tailed Hawk is special. It will ALWAYS be with you, for life. It has direct ties to the Kundalini, the seat of primal life force. It is linked to the base chakra. If you have this power animal, you need to be aware of and work toward fulfilling your soul’s destiny. It reflects far greater intensity of energy within your life: physically, emotionally and mentally. Spiritual forces will be felt strong within you.

One trait all hawks share, is the ability to move between the seen and unseen realms gracefully, joining both worlds together. Their acute vision attributes this ability, their discriminating nature keeps them out of dangers path. Hawks have a broad vision, allowing them to see what the future holds. In man this is a symbol of prophetic insight. If this gift is underdeveloped, it is common for people with this power animal to have a tendency of over analysing everything. When this is so, clear vision is lost. You must learn to keep your analytical mind under control, not allowing it to run wild.

Hawk posses many hunting skills. The most common, when pursuing prey, is to swiftly follow the prey’s efforts to get away. Once the prey is caught in the hawks mighty talons, it is then dismembered with their sharply pointed, powerful beak. For us, this may indicate that we may be able to run, but not hide from our destiny. For, eventually it will catch up with us.

The destiny of man is to awaken from their spiritual amnesia and to realign with the original intention of their soul. When the hawk gets a hold of us in his powerful talons, we will be asked to evaluate who we have become and to shatter our self created illusions. This will help our inner truth to come out into the open and for it to shine.

Hawk denotes union with All That Is. The hawk is a bird of the heavens, arranging the changes necessary to prompt our spiritual growth. Having this power animal can be bitter sweet. When accepting its presence in your life, you will be asked to surrender/give up anything that doesn’t honour the integrity of all life. Whether its an idea, feeling or action. Although hard work is involved, the rewards to be reaped are great, far outweighing this.

Hawk Medicine
Clear-sightedness; being observant. Far-memory or recalling past lives. A message from Spirit; omens and dreams. Overcoming problems. Taking advantage of an opportunity. The cry of a Hawk in meditation is a warning of upcoming situations that will require boldness and decisiveness. Courage, defense, wisdom, illumination, new life, creativity, truth, experience. Getting a larger overview so you can make a better decision. Warnings of danger. 

Hawk can fly directly to the land of the Grandparents. Adventurous, assertive, headstrong, cherishes freedom. As an animal totem you probably enjoy a very active dream life, perhaps returning almost nightly with messages from Great Mystery. If you have only recently acquired Hawk as your spirit helper, you may expect to begin receiving much more profound dream visions. You will also probably start to notice a somewhat dramatic increase in your psychic abilities. As a spirit ally, you may rely on Hawk to be your trustworthy guide into the Silence. It will be of the utmost importance to Hawk that you proceed on your earthwalk with spiritual balance. 

*Visionary power and guardianship. Spring and Fall equinoxes--new moon. Messengers, protectors, visionaries. Keen sight. Stirs the imagination. Dynamic hunting ability. Lead you to your life's purpose. Primal force of kundalini. Empowerment and fulfillment. Movement toward your soul purpose. Flying to great heights while keeping your feet on the ground. There are likely to be attacks by people who won't understand you or the varied and different usages of your creative energy. They may attack your ability to soar. Once it shows up it will be with you permanently as it is territorial. Teaches temperance, higher expressions of psychism and vision. Astral projection. Bold expression of primal energies. Beauty and harmony in moderation. Higher levels of consciousness. Rapid development of the psychic energies and balancing those senses. Intensity of physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual forces. Catalyst stimulating new ideas and hope. A need to be open to the new or shows you ways that you may help teach others to do this. Leadership and deliberation and foresight to extend your vision of your life. Caution in how you express yourself. Ability to tear the heads off others. Guard against blazing so brightly and intensely that we get burned out. Inspires to a creative life force. 

*Messenger of the gods. Teaches to be observant, look at your surroundings, at the obvious in everything that you do. Life is the initiation. The magic can imbue you with the power to overcome a currently stressful or difficult situation. The test is your ability to observe the nuances of power lurking nearby. You are only as powerful as your capacity to perceive, receive, and use your abilities. You need an intuitive ability to discern the message carried within the cry of Hawk. The shrillness of Hawk's call pierces the state of unawareness, and asks you to see the truth. Be aware or beware. It can mark the coming of a battle, the birth of a child, or celebration of counting coup. It is a need to heighten awareness and receive a message. There is great responsibility here in seeing the overall view. 

Hawk Medicine people are aware of omens, messages from the spirit, and the color of the calling card you gave them three months ago. No detail slips by them unnoticed. Teaches to grab an opportunity which is coming your way. To circle over your life and examine it from a higher perspective. Discern the hazards which bar you from freedom of flight. Keen eyes and a bold heart flying close to Grandfather Sun. 

If something is too painful to feel, to unbelievable to hear, or too dark to see, it is time to examine the point at which you chose to let yourself become emotionally involved, and to no longer be the observer. When did you stop letting Hawk penetrate the chaos and confusion? Be mindful of the honest observer's neutral position, allow the message to be intuitively and clearly understood, without emotion coloring its true meaning. 

When off balance Hawk Medicine people have a tendency to do some emotional coloring that clouds visions and can lead to a crash landing. The ego can clip the wings and leave them grounded. Freedom of flight is a privilege and being a messenger is an honor. The responsibility for delivery is up to you. Let the receiver decide what the message means and don't tamper. Do not tell others how to think or behave. Take care of your own emotional baggage before you begin receiving omens, visions, or messages for others. All gifts are equal in the eyes of Spirit. 

*Patricia Telesco/The Language of Dreams: 
Having keen eyesight, or the ability to quickly recognize, and react to, opportunities. Hawks are very able hunters, so the question is, what do you seek? Maneuverability; rising above problems. Hawks are also very powerful fliers. The red-tailed hawk specifically represents healing in Native American traditions, and the spirit of life-giving water. Should one appear in your dreams, it signals the end of weariness or sickness, and renewed hope. 

*Denise Linn/The Secret Language of Signs: 
In ancient Egypt, the hawk was the symbol of the soul. The hawk was also a symbol of victory to the Egyptians, as it was to other ancient cultures, because the hawk swoops down on its prey with ferocity and power. Is this sign telling you to be swift and powerful in your pursuit of your goals? The hawk sign can also mean that you should view your life from a higher perspective. From your elevated vantage point you may be able to see possibilities that you are normally unaware of. 

*D.J. Conway/Animal Magick: 
The hawk is related to the falcon and combined in the family Accipitridae. They are subdivided into such groups as perns, kites, buzzards, eagles, Old World vultures, and harriers. However the name hawk usually refers to the sparrow hawks of the Old World, goshawks, sharp-shinned American hawks, and Cooper's hawks. They are found throughout the world except in antarctic regions. 

A bird of prey, the hawk has very sharp eyesight, can use air currents to its advantage, and can strike swiftly. This bird has a sharp, hooked bill and strong talons. Many hawks have a variety of plumage colors which change from year to year during their early lives. Some species mate for life. 

The symbolism of the hawk is much the same as that of the eagle and the falcon. As a solar bird, in Egypt it was associated with Horus, Ptah, Rehu, and Seker. When in his aspect as conductor of souls, Horus was shown with a hawk's head on a human body; this aspect was called Heru-metti. However, the hawk was also connected with Amenti in her aspect of Underworld Great Mother. 

According to the Greek writer Homer, this bird was one of the messengers of Apollo because of its swiftness. Both the hawk and falcon were associated with the goddess Circe. Although the hawk was usually associated with the Sun, a very early statue from the temple of the Moon goddess Artemis shows a priestess with a hawk on her head. 

In one of the legends of India, the hawk Gayatri brought soma from heaven for the gods. In the Rig Veda, the Sun is often compared to a hawk. INdra sometimes rode on a hawk. In Persian Zoroastrianism, the hawk was connected with Ahura Mazda, god of light, and Mithras, the Sun god. 

In Celtic oral tradition, the Hawk of Achill is listed as the oldest creature in the world. The Celts considered the hawk to be a messenger between the Otherworlds and this existence. In magick, they said it had greater skill and strength than any of the other birds. 

Superstitions: In most of Europe the hawk is still looked upon as a symbol of good luck. The hawk throws its young out of the nest and won't feed them any longer when they can fly. 

Hawk characterizes acute perceptions; an ability for quick discernment. 
Bright prospects are forecast if the hawk was flying!

Yes this, my Lady Hawk has been watching and waiting guiding my future to brightness. She shares space with my ravens and wolves, and I guess toads now too....giggles!

~Elder Airwolf~

My Toads~by Elder Airwolf

Ever since I bought my new home, I have had 3 toads clammering to get into my house for about 3 months. They are persistent and amusing. At night when I take Molly out for a walk they are at the front door or playing in her outside water bowl, and last night one of the toads was making a ruckus in the gravel drawing Molly's attention as to all the commotion. When we built our sacred fire pit there was one of the toads watching in the shade as we worked. After I cleansed, blessed, and put up a sacred shield around the pit preventing all negative and ill intent towards me there were two of the toads sitting at the entrance of the sacred circle. I invited them in. 
This is a true & accurate account of facts as Hecate is the Queen and my Goddess!

Here is some info on the toad:


Inner Strength, Luck
The appearance of a Toad heralds a successful time of drawing upon 
and using our inner resources.  
Toads are associated with money and luck – 
especially changing your luck from bad to good.  
People with a Toad totem can see things and people more clearly. 

A Toad heralds the need for self-examination.  
Ask these questions:  
Am I hesitating to act and missing opportunities?  
Am I allowing fear to hinder progress?  
Have I forgotten my inner strength?

A Toad totem is a representation of the Moon, and represents both Life and Death.  
In alchemy, the Toad signifies the dark side of Nature.  
In the ancient cultures of Mexico, the Toad symbolized the Earth. 

Samhain Totems: Toad
In our tradition we divide the year not only by eight solar and agricultural holidays, but also by the Kalends. We celebrate twelve months of the year by the common calendar, plus a special thirteenth month for Samhain.  These month cycles are associated with different totemic spirits. Each month is assigned an animal, a bird (or other flying creature), and a tree. Samhain's totems are Toad, Elder, and Crane.

The totemic associations are as follows:

Toad – (Buaf) transformation, inner visions, death and rebirth, hidden power and beauty
Elder (Ruis) – death and rebirth, change and transition
Crane – (Corr) longevity, remembrance, past lives, secret knowledge, patience


A witch feeds her toad (and rat) familiars.

The toad is a powerful symbol of transformation, as it grows from tadpole to toad.  It has associations with fertility, magic, fairies, and Witchcraft.

The toad represented the uterus in ancient Greece, Rome, and Scandinavia. Because of this symbolism, the toad came to be the symbol for a midwife, thus leading to associations with Witchcraft.

In Basque country toads were said to be favored familiars, with witches going so far as to “baptize” their toads in cemeteries, and adorn them with velvet ribbons and bells.

Toads secrete a thick white poison through their skin.  This “toad's milk” or bufotenine is sometimes hallucinogenic, and is said to be an ingredient in some ancient flying ointments.

In Shropshire it was said that the spirit of a well would manifest as three toads, the largest of which was to always be addressed as the “Dark Lord” – a manifestation of the God of the Witches.

Witches' marks are sometimes referred to as a “toad's foot”, and a birthmark shaped like a toad is a sure sign of witch power.

Toadstools are so named due to the toad's associations with fairyland, and with their hallucinogenic properties.

Doreen Valiente was a fan of the natterjack toad, and recommended them as pets and excellent familars.  The natterjack toad has associations with the “yellow ringed” toad which produced the legendary Toad Bone amulet.

The Toad Bone amulet was said to confer many strange magical powers on those that carried it.  It is related to the toadstone, a stone said to rest in the head of a toad.  The toadstone could grant invisibility to its bearer.

Round about the cauldron go;
In the poison'd entrails throw.
Toad that under cold stone
Days and nights has thirty-one
Swelt'red venom sleeping got
Be thou first i' th' charmed pot.
 -Macbeth, Act 4, Scene I 

Commonly found on all continents except Antarctica, frogs and toads throughout the ages have attracted awe and revulsion from many cults and cultures.  Many differing and contradictory beliefs have survived to the present day, and past associations with witchcraft, medicine, weather, birth, death and rebirth continue to stimulate many superstitions and fears. 

Frogs and Toads are amphibian creatures of the order ‘Anura’, meaning ‘without a tail’.  There are some 24 different families of frogs and toads with more than 3,800 species.  Frogs usually have squat bodies with smooth moist skin, bulging eyes that allow them to see in all directions, no tail, webbed feet for swimming and strong hind legs for jumping.  There are no clear distinctions between frogs and toads, except that toads generally have dry warty skin and short hind legs more suitable for walking than for jumping.  Both are commonly found in warm moist tropical regions, but they can also be found in mountains and deserts.

Most frogs are aquatic and will often sit in water with just their eyes and nose above the surface.  The eyelids of a frog cannot move and to close its eyes, they must draw them back into their sockets.  They also do this while swallowing food, since the in-drawn eyes add pressure to the roof of the mouth helping to move food down into the throat.  Frogs have teeth in the upper jaw, but these are quite feeble and used only to grip it’s prey rather than for chewing.  The prey can be anything that fits into the frog's mouth such as:  insects, spiders, snails, worms and small fish; bigger frogs may even eat mammals such as:  mice, small birds and other frogs.  Many frogs have a long sticky tongue, which they use to capture their prey.

Not all frogs have a long tongue; those that don't, use their fingers to feed prey into their mouths.  Frogs have 4 fingers on their front feet, and 5 toes on the back.  A frog's long hind legs allows them to jump great distances, often more than 20 times their body length.  To survive a frog must keep its skin moist, which is why they can usually be found close to water, and why they like to hide in moist places while on land.  They also have glands that secrete mucus helping to keep their skin moist.  While frogs have lungs, they also take in oxygen through the skin, which aids respiration when underwater.  Most frogs regularly shed the upper layer of their skin (the epidermis), and the old skin is usually eaten.

Frogs start mating when the males of a species move to breeding ponds and begin croaking their mating calls to attract females.  They do this using a vocal sac, which produces sounds unique to their own kind that the females can identify with.  When they meet, the male climbs on the back of the female and puts his arms around her in a strong grip, a position called “amplexus”.  When the female lays her eggs, the male releases his sperm to fertilize them.  The number of eggs laid can number from a few hundred to thousands.  The time it takes the eggs to hatch varies between species, but usually takes between 6 and 21 days.

From the egg emerges a tadpole, a fish-like creature with a round body, a tail and gills.  Tadpoles do little more than eat, feeding mostly on algae when still young, and later on plants, insects and dead animals.  After about 6-9 weeks, the tail starts to disappear and is replaced with arms and legs.  The hind legs appear first, then the arms.  The tadpole then develops lungs and just before it becomes a real frog, the gills disappear.  The whole process usually takes between 12-16 weeks, and when complete, the newly formed frog leaves the water.  The life span of a frog depends on the species and can range anywhere between 2 and 40 years, but the average is more likely between 4 and 15 years.

The toad more than the frog is most commonly associated with poison.  When a toad is molested it secrets or ejects poison that irritates the eyes and mucous membranes of many, but not all of its predators.  The poisons of the Colorado River toad (B. alvarius) and the Giant toad (B. marinus, also called the cane toad) affect animals as large as dogs, and in some instances can cause temporary paralysis or even death.  Dried toad poison has been used to treat various ailments in the past, and it is known that some species of toad poison can produce hallucinogenic effects in humans.

Contrary to popular belief, toads do not cause warts.

Myths and Folklore
For thousands of years, frogs and toads have been associated with myths, folklore and magic.  Sadly many of these myths and tales portray them as demons, creatures associated with the devil.  Some cultures however viewed them in a positive light, and saw them as representative of good fortune, protection, rain and fertility.  In some cultures the frog symbolized resurrection and a higher stage of spiritual awakening.  In the Rig Veda creation myths of the Hindus, the Great Frog supports the universe and is representative of the matter from which all is created.

In ancient times clay used to make pottery was collected from the banks of natural rivers and lakes, sites that would have had an abundance of frogs and toads.  The peoples of ancient Mesopotamia for example, collected clay from along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, where they undoubtedly encountered frogs and toads and later adopted them into their religious beliefs.

The Egyptians believed frogs to have been formed from mud and water, a belief that seems to have materialized as a result of rivers flooding during the rainy season, at which time frogs reproduced in such quantities that thousands of tiny frogs and toads invaded walkways and public areas; they even entered private homes and in general were regarded as pests.  This phenomenon was dubbed “Frog Rain”, because such occurrences always happened after the first heavy rains of the season.  As such frogs became associated with weather predictions because they would begin croaking just before rains.

In Egypt the frog was most commonly associated with the goddess Heket (or Heqet), the goddess of fertility and childbirth who assisted Isis in her ritual to resurrect Osiris.  Heket is depicted as a frog-shaped goddess, whose priestesses trained as midwives.  They wore amulets, jewellery and other ornaments that bore her image.  Frog shaped knives placed on to the bellies of pregnant women and newborn babies were believed to protect their youngsters.  Frogs in general were so important to the early Egyptians they were often embalmed after death.

In ancient China the toad was a trickster and a magician, a master of escapes and spells.  But he was also the keeper of powerful secrets.  One legend tells a story of a wandering wise old man called Liu Hai and his three-legged toad companion Ch'an Chu.  Ch'an Chu knew the secret of eternal life, and due to his masters kindness he revealed the secret to the wise man.  In Japan a similar legend involves the Gama-Sennin, also known as Kosensei, a wise old man with a hunched body and a warty face.  Kosensei wanders the land with his toad companion, who teaches him the secret powers of herbs, including the secret of immortality.

Frogs and toads go through at least one major transformation during their lives, that from tadpole to adult.  Many also shed their skins regularly as they grow, and some even eat their discarded skin.  These transformations may explain why many cultures saw frogs and toads as symbolic of re-creation, or as keepers of the secrets of life after death.  Members of the Olmec tribes of early Mesoamerica created images of a toad as the ‘God of rebirth’, reborn after consuming itself and thus caught up in the never-ending cycle of life and death.

As much as the frog was seen as a symbol of life and birth, it was also seen as a symbol of death.  Some European myths tell that it was bad luck to kill a frog for they housed the souls of dead children.  In the ancient Zoroastrian religion of the Middle East the frog was associated with Ahriman (the most evil of all beings).  In Europe, it wasn’t until the Middle Ages that the frog was given such an unfavourable reputation, and the frog went from being a sacred symbol of creation to a manifestation of evil.  The frog (along with other animals) was quickly associated with Witches, and thought to be their devoted magical animal used to carry out all sorts of diabolical deeds.

In early Christianity, demonologists often referred to frogs as the ‘Witches Familiar’ or ‘Agent of the Devil’.  The fact that frogs resided in swamps and stagnant pools, often dirty and unsanitary places, was used to exemplify the power of consecrated holy water to expel evil spirits and purify sinners.  Witches were thought to use frogs and toads in satanic rituals, and to concocted malicious sounding spells and potions from their body parts.  Some believe that a witch could be identified by a mark shaped like a toad’s foot secreted on her body or that the image of a toad would be visible in the left eye.  Other myths tell of witches extracting toad secretions, or collecting toad saliva for use in flying potions and invisibility spells.

In the Witch trials at St. Osyth in England, Ursula Kempe's young son testified that one of her four familiars, a black toad named Pigin, had once caused illness in a young boy.  Toads were also popular as poisonous ingredients in potions:  “the women-witches of ancient time which killed by poysoning, did much use toads in their confections”.  Witches were also believed to control the weather by concocting brews from frogs, toads and snakes, often referred to as “Toad Soup”.  Undoubtedly, many experienced illness or death after ingesting or applying some sort of frog-made brew including their toxic secretions.  Such folklore and popular mythology was the result of Inquisitional propaganda to eliminate the old Pagan religions and prosecute Witches with charges of heresy during the persecution years.

Frogs and toads since ancient times have been highly regarded for possessing medicinal properties.  Pieces taken from a frog’s body were used as aphrodisiacs to aid impotence and boost fertility.  A frog’s liver was believed to be an antidote to all poisons, while a toad’s lungs provided the means to the “perfect murder of a wayward husband”.  In many Shaman traditions of the Americas, hallucinogenic compounds derived from toads are used in religious rituals for communion with the spirit world and for self-transcendence.  In many cases, these myths have some foundation in truth, as some species contain compounds both poisonous and hallucinogenic.

One of the most widely told myths concerning the toad is that of the “Toad-Stone”, a fabulously jewelled stone that grows inside the toad’s head.  This jewelled stone when placed in a ring or a necklace, would heat up or change colour in the presence of poison, thereby protecting the wearer from the dangers of poisoning, a common threat in the Middle Ages.

The body of our Mother, the Earth is going through a cleansing. Can you see it? Can you feel it? Are you experiencing a tremendous amount of change in your own bodies? Relationships? Your lives? I AM TOAD. Hug the earth as I do, hunkering down, continuing with your lives, but opening, opening more to developing the totality of yourself. Let your love and your deep connection with the Earth sustain you, ground you and support you. In this way, you will know yourself more deeply and be able to thrive through change.

Can you hear my trilling, thrilling call - for all people to unite for the welfare of the four kingdoms of the earth? Two-leggeds are the determiners for the animal, mineral and plant kingdoms. Draw on your ancient wisdom, ye old souls. The silver lining of great change is that we get a chance to do it differently this time. The unification of the kingdoms is at hand.

Toads (family Bufonidae) lead double lives. Amphibian literally means that. Amphi means "both" and bios means "life". Are you an "old soul?" Considered wise? Amphibians have existed for at least 230 million years. They are descendants of the first vertebrates to come onto land, and ancestors to reptiles (by at least 50 million years), then mammals and birds. Amphibians typically inhabit water in their early lives; afterward changing into primarily terrestrial forms. Gills change to lungs; fins to legs; and in many cases, a vegetarian diet changes to meat. Adult toads feed mainly on insects, worms, beetles and slugs. Check in periodically to see what kind of diet your particular body needs.

Folks with this totem or those experiencing a "toad" phase of life, are apt to experience their lives in distinct stages. One period of life may be so vastly different from another that it doesn’t even seem like you are the same person. As one who has experienced this phenomenon, I sometimes say I am in my 9th lifetime in this one - still the same book, but different, stand-alone chapters. People with this power animal have lots of change in their lives. If you are feeling toad’s influence, change is right around the corner. If you have a choice, experience the biggest transitions in spring or summer, for like toad, that will be your highest energy point.

And whenever there is change, there is cleansing going on. Toads and frogs both have this Medicine; it just looks and feels different, depending on which anuran it is. The classifications of frog vs. toad are scientifically fuzzy, and always changing. In addition, new species are constantly being discovered. Because as a rule, toads are more terrestrial, their Medicine usually deals more with earthy issues, like one’s home, vocation, and abundance or lack thereof. This is a good spirit animal for children and teenagers, who are in a state of continuous change. Toad, being more terrestrial may be able to help them focus, which is beneficial in academics.

Both earth and water elements are important to you. You are likely spiritual in your outlook, but also down to earth in your approach. In relationships, it would be wise to be transparent with loved ones. Don’t muddy things up. Forego any hidden agendas. You often make decisions from your emotions, and steer relationships from them as well. This works well for you, if you are in balance. Otherwise, you may either be overly sentimental, or bottle up your feelings. At times, it may be difficult to communicate with you. Usually though, one of the finest traits of folks with this totem is their empathy for others. They are usually very understanding of the plights of others, and will help when they can. For family, and those close to them, they will do most anything – except when they feel dismissed or threatened. Then their reaction can be as severe as parched earth in a drought. These are folks who can take care of themselves, and not run from confrontation.

What are the differences between toads and their cousins, the frogs? Frogs have teeth; toads don’t. Toad skin is dry, rough, and bumpy, whereas frog skin is moist and smooth. Most frogs typically spend their lives in or near water; most toads do not need to live near water. They return to it when they mate and lay eggs. Toads lay their eggs in strings; frogs in gelatinous masses. Toad legs are shorter because they usually don’t hop as far as frogs, or move as quickly. Toads jump three to five times their body length, no matter their size. Some toads will burrow. They might also play dead. If feeling really threatened, from large parotoid glands behind the eyes, they exude a milky fluid (toad’s milk), which is poisonous if exposed to your eyes or mouth. Most predators, having tried to devour a toad will never do it again. The exception to this are snakes. Most toads have L-shaped cranial crests. Energetically, this emphasizes the crown chakra for those with this totem. The crown chakra is one’s link to the Totality.

What do you do when you feel threatened? No wonder the toad on the flagstone was so big and round. As a defense, toads will puff themselves up to appear as big as possible. Some though, do hop quickly away, confusing their predator by frequently changing direction. This brings up an aspect of toad Medicine to be conscious of. Stick to your course of action, even if things get challenging. Toad totem folks sometimes leave things only partly-done, because they’re busy hopping from one thing to another.

Are you a night person? Many toads hide during the day and emerge at night, especially after a heavy rain, to look for prey, which they snap up with long, sticky, pad-like tongues attached in the front of the mouth at the jaw. A few months after a loved one died, I went to Costa Rica for three weeks, in order to heal. I stayed at an artist’s colony. Walking at night required flashlights, which inevitably revealed many toads upon the wet stone walkways.

Toads are less streamlined than frogs. They can’t jump like frogs do; they are slower. Their eyes are larger too, because they use vision to detect their food (reacting to small, irregular movements), and perhaps because they hang out at night. Oh yes, those eyes! Can you handle all that you see? Do you easily get overwhelmed? You may not have to do anything; just let yourself see and be.

Toads have a larynx, a true voice-box producing sound, an expandable vocal sac (especially handy for mating vocalizations), and a Jacobsen’s organ, which detects pheromones. The tympanum (eardrum) transfers sound vibrations to the inner ear. Ever thought of being a drummer? Though adults have lungs, they obtain most of their oxygen directly through the skin. Toad totem folks are often more sensitive to their surroundings, and may react to pollutants faster than others; especially to chemicals in the atmosphere. Like canaries in a coal mine, they are one of the first species to let us know there is an environmental problem.

Is it time for you to replenish your energy? Feeling stuck in the mud? Do you need to hit the "refresh" button to clear away miasms of negativity in order to begin a new cycle of abundance and fulfillment? Everyone needs a break now and then, if only to kick back on some lily pad or other, and get a different point of view.

So if you hear the sweet sound of croaking, seek your opportunities for positive changes coming your way.

~Elder Airwolf~