airwolf

~*~ Elder Airwolf LoP Ministry Founder/Owner~*~

Administrator | Last logged in at

Merry Meet Legionnaires~
I am sixth generation Native Blackfoot and Scottish Celt. My Grandmother was one of my mentors her being a shaman, and my other mentor was my Druid Celtic Aunt. I was raised pagan and my education started at the age
of seven and formally after my first moon lodge ritual at 12. I am also trained as a voodoo priestess
I have one son now coming into his native shaman training and 4 beautiful grandchildren.

BLYSSFUL SUN'S DAY PAGANS!

Blood Moon Terad

History, Lore, & Ritual

 

The Blood Moon is almost upon us. It is when there will be a total lunar eclipse, where the earths shadow will turn the Moon a blood red colour. The Blood Moon will be visible worldwide.

One of the great things about lunar eclipses is that they are completely safe to view with the naked eye. No special filters are required to protect your eyes like those used for solar eclipses. You don’t even need a telescope to watch the eclipse, although a good pair of binoculars will help.

In Paganism a Blood Moon opens a gateway into the heavens as the Earth, Sun and Moon align. For a brief moment in time we can commune with the spirit world and other realms.

In many religions this is a great omen and many wars and natural disasters have happened around a Blood Moon. Many Christians believe it will be the return of their savior Jesus Christ, The King James Bible predicts: “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD comes,” [Joel 2:31]

There are 4 Blood Moons called a Tetrad, each 6 months apart giving us the number 666 between each Blood Moon, so many Christians believe it will be a return of Christ and the start of the Rapture on the final Blood Moon. The 4 Blood Moons also happen on 4 Jewish holidays of Passover and Sukkot.

The Tetrad started on April 14th 2014 the other Blood Moons are October 8th 2014, April 4th 2015, September 28th 2015. But don’t worry the world is definitely not going to end.

 

~Christian Philosophies ~

 

On the early dark morning of April 15th. It will begin in the Witching Hour, and continue right through the Devil’s Hour in certain parts of the Western Hemisphere! This special Blood Moon is the first in a series of four consecutive Total Eclipse Blood Moons known as the terrifying Tetrad. The other three Blood Moons will occur on October 8, 2014, April 4, 2015, and September 28,2015. A Tetrad amplifies the power of the Blood Moon by four times for each Moon as they have a mystical lunar connection that extends into the past, and future. In essence the Tetrad in one bad Mother of a malevolent Moon created by demonic, and human practitioners of dark magic to further their continued agenda of chaos, human suffering, and global domination. Just another effort to push forth the battles of Armageddon gaining steam in the coming final War to end all holy wars. Despite this human science explains the Tetrad as celestial coincidence, and the Blood Moon’s red color a result of Earth’s atmospheric edges scattering sunlight upon the Moon sunset style.

Matters have also been made worse by the planet Mars being closer to Earth than it has been in six years. Mars will appear near the eclipse being in rare mystical alignment with the Sun, Moon, and Earth thereby channeling magical Martian energies through it. Practitioners of magic will use this for both good, and evil purposes. In addition this will give Mars, the Roman God Of War, a temporary power boost on Earth. He has been prophesied to visit here in an effort win back his true love Venus, the Goddess Of Love, currently beguiled by her half-brother Mercury along with the God Of The Solar System Jupiter. This nefarious Godly trinity has been on Earth since the Jupiter Triangle of May 2013. Still looking to destroy Zeus, and Goddess Gaia out of jealously, and Jupiter’s selfish need to assert authority over all Earthly Gods. The trio has been low key since their plans were thwarted last year by the forces of good despite the power of the Jupiter Triangle. There have been rumors of them joining forces with the Devil who is currently bound to the Earth after his defeat at the First Battle Of Armageddon. However the Devil has always felt a hatred for the Gods. It’s thought that the God Mars could finally break up the Jupiter Trinity, and end their threat. We have seen quite an increase in Mars worship. However Mars is still a God of War that relishes in seeing violence, and chaos so expect his presence to amplify Blood Moon supernatural activity.

Practitioners of magic will be able channel the power of a full month of every Moon phase due to an eclipse simulating just that in mere hours. Witches call a total eclipse a Micro Month since all the Moon phases from full to new are seen in a short time. This can make dark witches, warlocks, wizards, and sorcerers even more dangerous than usual. That’s on top of the magnified Blood Moon powers. Especially if they’re deep into the demonic worship. Those who also call upon Mars, the God of War, will be beyond powerful tomorrow morning coupled with the brunt force of the Witching & Devil’s hour! On a positive note the good practitioners of magic can channel the power of the Eclipse as well.

With the Devil’s failed attempt to father the Anti-Christ on the Halloween Blood Moon of 2013 he will most likely try again during on of the Tetrad Moons. Such an unholy event requires the Sanguine Moon, and a special ritual presided over by dark magicians. Expect many dark mystical rituals to take place around the world, and be on the look out for zombies rising from their graves. This is often a trademark of extreme dark magic being practiced in the vicinity. Take care not to fall prey to these nefarious figure often seeking innocent victims as sacrifices to their dark Lords.

The blood red Tetrad Moon will wash amplified rays of unholy light upon the dark shadows of the night. This will increase the powers of a great deal of evil entities. Especially those with demonic DNA. The supernatural blood rays will be intense enough to temporarily drive away Angels, and other entities of light from the Earth. However it’s thought some will retreat to Santa Claus, a very real Demi-Angel, and his North Pole sanctuary since the holy Star Of Bethlehem shines bright 24-7 there which will neutralize the unholy sanguine light. Also be aware that holy artifacts used to fight the forces of evil could be neutralized. Especially holy water exposed to the bloody light.

Although the lunar eclipse dampens lunar forces at the point it’s least visible the special Tetrad Blood Moon will still cause the dreaded Blood Fever in vampires along with enraging, and strengthening a number of other paranormal creatures. Even those supernatural friends you would normal trust can’t be trusted during this time. The most dramatic change will be seen in Werewolves who will de-transform during the mid point of the eclipse. Unfortunately they will maintain their monstrous Lycanthrope persona, and continue to hunt down humans along with anything else that moves. When these people are caught they are labeled serial killers, or mentally insane in nature.

The simulation of a new Moon along with the general unholy light of the Blood Moon will bring the hellish Manticore out. If you thought Werewolves were a nightmare then meeting a Manticore will make you think of Werewolves as puppies!

In the end it’s the Easter Bunny who gets the shaft in all this metaphysical madness because the Blood Moon neutralizes the hell out of the normal Pink Moon of Easter. This year the Full Moon fell within a week of Easter. If not for the Blood Moon it would have been a lucky Easter Egg Moon that would have radiated the full good will imbued in the Spirit Of Easter. More or less the Pink Easter Moon is canceled this year. We feel bad for the worlds only Werehare but fear not for he has never been halted in his Easter activities. He won’t let the children of the world down!

Hell is going to break loose tonight just as if it was Halloween! Remember that even after the mere hours of the eclipse are over the negative energy of the Blood Moon will linger in the Full Moon. Eve Blood Moon Total Eclips seen if the Moon doesn’t appear crimson anymore don’t let your guard down! It’s still the Blood Moon! We recommend staying indoors with all manner of religious artifacts protecting doorways, and windows! Stay safe this Easter, and be ready for anything during these dangerous paranormal times.......LOL!


 

Wednesday's eclipse opens a tetrad
Sequence of 4 total blockages of moon unique

The first in a quartet of total lunar eclipses — the only such quartet in a span of 28 years — takes place Wednesday.

The total phase of Wednesday's eclipse will last 78 minutes.

Viewers Timetable:

Eclipse times in Universal Time.

Partial umbrella eclipse begins: 9:15 Universal Time (UT)
Total eclipse begins: 10:25 UT
Greatest eclipse: 10:55 UT
Total eclipse ends: 11:24 UT
Partial umbral eclipse ends: 12:34 UT

How do I translate Universal Time to my time?

Eclipse times for North American time zones.

Eastern Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 5:15 a.m. EDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 6:25 a.m. EDT
Greatest eclipse: 6:55 a.m. EDT
Total eclipse ends: 7:24 a.m. EDT
Partial eclipse ends: 8:34 a.m. EDT

Central Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 4:15 a.m. CDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 5:25 a.m. CDT
Greatest eclipse: 5:55 a.m. CDT
Total eclipse ends: 6:24 a.m. CDT
Partial eclipse ends: 7:34 a.m. CDT

Mountain Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 3:15 a.m. MDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 4:25 a.m. MDT on October 8
Greatest eclipse: 4:55 a.m. MDT
Total eclipse ends: 5:24 a.m. MDT
Partial eclipse ends: 6:34 a.m. MDT

Pacific Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 2:15 a.m. PDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 3:25 a.m. PDT
Greatest eclipse: 3:55 a.m. PDT
Total eclipse ends: 4:24 a.m. PDT
Partial eclipse ends: 5:34 a.m. PDT

Alaskan Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 1:15 a.m. ADT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 2:25 a.m. ADT
Greatest eclipse: 2:55 a.m. ADT
Total eclipse ends: 3:24 a.m. ADT
Partial eclipse ends: 4:34 a.m. ADT

Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (October 7-8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 11:15 p.m. HAST on October 7
Total eclipse begins: 12:25 a.m. HAST on October 8
Greatest eclipse: 12:55 a.m. HAST on October 8
Total eclipse ends: 1:24 a.m. HAST on October 8
Partial eclipse ends: 2:34 a.m. HAST on October 8

Lunar Eclipses
Consider this fact about lunar eclipses: A lunar eclipse can only occur during the night of a full moon. This means you will be working with full moon energy. A lunar eclipse does not have to be visible for you to work magic.

Magic spells performed during lunar eclipses combine the power of the full and new moons simultaneously. Therefore, consider carefully your wishes. Any spell performed during a Lunar Eclipse must be done carefully, as one is invoking the Triple Goddess in each of her forms. Consider carefully what you wish and write it out beforehand.




Moon Phase Magic

The Moon is the most important heavenly body to witches. We draw on her power for lunar magic. We cast our spells in accord with her cycles. She inspires and illuminates us. There are moon gods, but the Moon has always been perceived as female. The Moon is cyclical, like women. She mirrors the stages of our lives: "Maiden", "Mother" and "Crone". She is Changing Woman, as are we.

The Moon is the astronomical body closest to us and, therefore, she has a profound influence upon us. The highest energy occurs at the Full Moon and, therefore, this is the most powerful time for magical workings. The New Moon is the next most powerful time for Magic.

New Moon Magic: Initiation
The New Moon has a more inward feel than the Full Moon. The New Moon has a void or empty quality, and therefore can be frightening to those not comfortable with uncertainty. Can you learn to trust the dark? It's the moment when the old passes away and the new is not yet here. That's why it's a powerful time for sending out your prayer, wishes, desires to the Universe.

New Moon workings can be done from the day of the New Moon to three-and-a-half days after. The New Moon is great for new beginnings, starting a new venture, initiating a new project or embarking on an adventure. This is the time when new love and romance can flourish. This is the time to hunt for a new job or to start trying to get pregnant. Under the New Moon, work with the new: the beginning of a new life, a new career, a new love, a new you.

Waxing Moon Magic: Growth
The Waxing Moon, when the Moon appears to grow larger in the sky, is a time of growth. From seven to fourteen days after the New Moon, use the Waxing Moon for constructive magic, including love, wealth, courage, success, friendship, luck and health. As the Moon grows larger, the more powerfully you will feel the energy of the Goddess.

Under the Waxing Moon, you want to work with building on what you have started under the New Moon: gaining in prosperity, getting money, developing or receiving love, working toward having a pregnancy develop in a healthy way. This is the time to bring positive and constructive things into your life, such as performing magic to bring prosperity and health.

Full Moon Magic: Your Heart's Desire
From fourteen to seventeen-and-a-half days after the New Moon comes the Full Moon and its magical potential. This is the prime time for rituals for prophecy, protection and divination. Perform any workings that require extra power, such as helping to find a new job or healing for serious conditions. This is also the time for love, knowledge, money, dreams and legal undertakings.

The Full Moon is the time to really go for what you want. The Moon's energy is incredibly powerful, and you can ask her to help you in nearly any request. Full Moon energy is available three days before and after the actual date of the Full Moon, so use this time for divination, dreams, love and whatever else your heart desires.

If you don't know what you want, resist the temptation to work magic under the Full Moon simply because it's a good time for magical workings. Instead, consider performing a ritual to honor the Goddess and feel as one with her. This can be a powerful enough experience on its own.

Waning Moon Magic: Removing
From three-and-a-half days after the Full Moon comes the Waning Moon. The moon is getting smaller, and this time is used for banishing magic; for ridding oneself of illness, addictions or negativity.

The Waning Moon is the time go rid yourself of negative things in your life. Perform banishing magic to lose some weight or rid yourself of a minor ailment. Work to eliminate negative influences in your environment, such as banishing stress from your office or silencing malicious gossip. Consider going to the source and banishing the tensions that are causing you to have stress.

Dark Moon Magic: A Break, or Binding
Many magical practitioners believe that magic should not be worked during the three days each month that the Moon is dark and is not visible in the sky. The Goddess is thought to have descended into the underworld; she is in mourning, and her energy is at its lowest point of the lunar cycle.

During the Dark of the Moon, Hecate, the Goddess in her aspect of queen of the underworld rules, and some witches have been known to call upon her dark powers to perform negative workings at this time. Better to take a break from magic and relax and meditate during this time.

Should you choose to perform magic during the Dark of the Moon, this can be a time of ridding oneself of bad habits. You may perform binding spells, to explore your darkest recesses and understand your anger and passions. This also is a time for bringing justice to bear.

 


 

But the rare Red Blood Moon October 8th is unique in that these  lunar eclipses which are special events in and of itself. A lunar eclipse is a time to work on ones magic and psychic abilities and to remove blocks of any kind because the full moon is a time of letting go and embracing ones power and strength.


 

Energy of a lunar eclipse is very powerful and has a potency strength lasting at least 6 month for any magic spell casting, and coupled with the rare Red Blood Moon this could be a time to manifest powerful abundance and self improvement of ones psychic gifts and talents.

The rare Red Blood Moons are a special occasions used for honoring and celebrating life, or the blood flow of life. This energy of the moon can be used to energize fertility, abundance, or communicate with spirit.

So light your red candles (you can use a green candle) but during this energy a red candle will suffice. The following prayer is one of many to use to draw down the energy above:

“By the gods and the goddess above
bring money into my life
through this spell I shall have money
and I shall harm no one in receiving
and it shall not come back to me
so I bind the powers of three
as I will it so mote it be”.


 


 

Blood Moon Ritual


 


 

The Blood Moon is the last of the harvest moons, and the one closest to Samhain, the time when the veil between this world and the Otherworld is the thinnest. Also known as “moon of the changing season” and “failing leaf moon” the Blood Moon represents the death of one cycle and the birth of a new cycle. Blood is the life force that flows through your physical body. The Blood Moon ritual gives you the opportunity to give thanks and celebrate this life force.


 

For this ritual, you will need a white candle, a red candle, a red apple, a chalice full of cranberry juice, and three daffodil bulbs.

Draw a magick circle and call in the elements. Light the white candle and say:

I light this candle for eternal light.


 

Light the red candle and say:

I light this candle for eternal life.


 

Give thanks to the Goddess before eating the apple:

Divine Lady, I thank you for your gift of life.


 

Place any seeds from the apple on the altar. Take the chalice of juice and go to each of the four directions while calling out:

Oh great and mighty one, ruler of eternal life

Our blood runs together as One on this sacred night.


 

Thank the Goddess and bid farewell to the elements. Pull up the circle and in the morning, take the three daffodil bulbs and plant them into the ground. They represent the eternal life of the divine Goddess being renewed for the next year. Return the apple seeds to the earth.

Intermediate Witch Class~Blood Moon Assignment

Read the entire document. There are examples of a blood moon ritua. Do Not Copy This but create from it your own as a guide. Threre are links to moon timetables. You can load in your zone for exact times. You have to included all aspects like, deities, herbs, stones, tools, colors, offerings, and their meaning for being part of your ritual. Outline the ritual document, perforn, take a picture of your alter and document the experience to be submitted. Make sure you ground throughly after this ritual, and most of all have fun!

 

Blood Moon Terad

History, Lore, & Ritual

 

The Blood Moon is almost upon us. It is when there will be a total lunar eclipse, where the earths shadow will turn the Moon a blood red colour. The Blood Moon will be visible worldwide.

One of the great things about lunar eclipses is that they are completely safe to view with the naked eye. No special filters are required to protect your eyes like those used for solar eclipses. You don’t even need a telescope to watch the eclipse, although a good pair of binoculars will help.

In Paganism a Blood Moon opens a gateway into the heavens as the Earth, Sun and Moon align. For a brief moment in time we can commune with the spirit world and other realms.

In many religions this is a great omen and many wars and natural disasters have happened around a Blood Moon. Many Christians believe it will be the return of their savior Jesus Christ, The King James Bible predicts: “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD comes,” [Joel 2:31]

There are 4 Blood Moons called a Tetrad, each 6 months apart giving us the number 666 between each Blood Moon, so many Christians believe it will be a return of Christ and the start of the Rapture on the final Blood Moon. The 4 Blood Moons also happen on 4 Jewish holidays of Passover and Sukkot.

The Tetrad started on April 14th 2014 the other Blood Moons are October 8th 2014, April 4th 2015, September 28th 2015. But don’t worry the world is definitely not going to end.

 

~Christian Philosophies ~

 

On the early dark morning of April 15th. It will begin in the Witching Hour, and continue right through the Devil’s Hour in certain parts of the Western Hemisphere! This special Blood Moon is the first in a series of four consecutive Total Eclipse Blood Moons known as the terrifying Tetrad. The other three Blood Moons will occur on October 8, 2014, April 4, 2015, and September 28,2015. A Tetrad amplifies the power of the Blood Moon by four times for each Moon as they have a mystical lunar connection that extends into the past, and future. In essence the Tetrad in one bad Mother of a malevolent Moon created by demonic, and human practitioners of dark magic to further their continued agenda of chaos, human suffering, and global domination. Just another effort to push forth the battles of Armageddon gaining steam in the coming final War to end all holy wars. Despite this human science explains the Tetrad as celestial coincidence, and the Blood Moon’s red color a result of Earth’s atmospheric edges scattering sunlight upon the Moon sunset style.

Matters have also been made worse by the planet Mars being closer to Earth than it has been in six years. Mars will appear near the eclipse being in rare mystical alignment with the Sun, Moon, and Earth thereby channeling magical Martian energies through it. Practitioners of magic will use this for both good, and evil purposes. In addition this will give Mars, the Roman God Of War, a temporary power boost on Earth. He has been prophesied to visit here in an effort win back his true love Venus, the Goddess Of Love, currently beguiled by her half-brother Mercury along with the God Of The Solar System Jupiter. This nefarious Godly trinity has been on Earth since the Jupiter Triangle of May 2013. Still looking to destroy Zeus, and Goddess Gaia out of jealously, and Jupiter’s selfish need to assert authority over all Earthly Gods. The trio has been low key since their plans were thwarted last year by the forces of good despite the power of the Jupiter Triangle. There have been rumors of them joining forces with the Devil who is currently bound to the Earth after his defeat at the First Battle Of Armageddon. However the Devil has always felt a hatred for the Gods. It’s thought that the God Mars could finally break up the Jupiter Trinity, and end their threat. We have seen quite an increase in Mars worship. However Mars is still a God of War that relishes in seeing violence, and chaos so expect his presence to amplify Blood Moon supernatural activity.

Practitioners of magic will be able channel the power of a full month of every Moon phase due to an eclipse simulating just that in mere hours. Witches call a total eclipse a Micro Month since all the Moon phases from full to new are seen in a short time. This can make dark witches, warlocks, wizards, and sorcerers even more dangerous than usual. That’s on top of the magnified Blood Moon powers. Especially if they’re deep into the demonic worship. Those who also call upon Mars, the God of War, will be beyond powerful tomorrow morning coupled with the brunt force of the Witching & Devil’s hour! On a positive note the good practitioners of magic can channel the power of the Eclipse as well.

With the Devil’s failed attempt to father the Anti-Christ on the Halloween Blood Moon of 2013 he will most likely try again during on of the Tetrad Moons. Such an unholy event requires the Sanguine Moon, and a special ritual presided over by dark magicians. Expect many dark mystical rituals to take place around the world, and be on the look out for zombies rising from their graves. This is often a trademark of extreme dark magic being practiced in the vicinity. Take care not to fall prey to these nefarious figure often seeking innocent victims as sacrifices to their dark Lords.

The blood red Tetrad Moon will wash amplified rays of unholy light upon the dark shadows of the night. This will increase the powers of a great deal of evil entities. Especially those with demonic DNA. The supernatural blood rays will be intense enough to temporarily drive away Angels, and other entities of light from the Earth. However it’s thought some will retreat to Santa Claus, a very real Demi-Angel, and his North Pole sanctuary since the holy Star Of Bethlehem shines bright 24-7 there which will neutralize the unholy sanguine light. Also be aware that holy artifacts used to fight the forces of evil could be neutralized. Especially holy water exposed to the bloody light.

Although the lunar eclipse dampens lunar forces at the point it’s least visible the special Tetrad Blood Moon will still cause the dreaded Blood Fever in vampires along with enraging, and strengthening a number of other paranormal creatures. Even those supernatural friends you would normal trust can’t be trusted during this time. The most dramatic change will be seen in Werewolves who will de-transform during the mid point of the eclipse. Unfortunately they will maintain their monstrous Lycanthrope persona, and continue to hunt down humans along with anything else that moves. When these people are caught they are labeled serial killers, or mentally insane in nature.

The simulation of a new Moon along with the general unholy light of the Blood Moon will bring the hellish Manticore out. If you thought Werewolves were a nightmare then meeting a Manticore will make you think of Werewolves as puppies!

In the end it’s the Easter Bunny who gets the shaft in all this metaphysical madness because the Blood Moon neutralizes the hell out of the normal Pink Moon of Easter. This year the Full Moon fell within a week of Easter. If not for the Blood Moon it would have been a lucky Easter Egg Moon that would have radiated the full good will imbued in the Spirit Of Easter. More or less the Pink Easter Moon is canceled this year. We feel bad for the worlds only Werehare but fear not for he has never been halted in his Easter activities. He won’t let the children of the world down!

Hell is going to break loose tonight just as if it was Halloween! Remember that even after the mere hours of the eclipse are over the negative energy of the Blood Moon will linger in the Full Moon. Eve Blood Moon Total Eclips seen if the Moon doesn’t appear crimson anymore don’t let your guard down! It’s still the Blood Moon! We recommend staying indoors with all manner of religious artifacts protecting doorways, and windows! Stay safe this Easter, and be ready for anything during these dangerous paranormal times.......LOL!


 

Wednesday's eclipse opens a tetrad
Sequence of 4 total blockages of moon unique

The first in a quartet of total lunar eclipses — the only such quartet in a span of 28 years — takes place Wednesday.

The total phase of Wednesday's eclipse will last 78 minutes.

Viewers Timetable:

Eclipse times in Universal Time.

Partial umbrella eclipse begins: 9:15 Universal Time (UT)
Total eclipse begins: 10:25 UT
Greatest eclipse: 10:55 UT
Total eclipse ends: 11:24 UT
Partial umbral eclipse ends: 12:34 UT

How do I translate Universal Time to my time?

Eclipse times for North American time zones.

Eastern Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 5:15 a.m. EDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 6:25 a.m. EDT
Greatest eclipse: 6:55 a.m. EDT
Total eclipse ends: 7:24 a.m. EDT
Partial eclipse ends: 8:34 a.m. EDT

Central Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 4:15 a.m. CDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 5:25 a.m. CDT
Greatest eclipse: 5:55 a.m. CDT
Total eclipse ends: 6:24 a.m. CDT
Partial eclipse ends: 7:34 a.m. CDT

Mountain Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 3:15 a.m. MDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 4:25 a.m. MDT on October 8
Greatest eclipse: 4:55 a.m. MDT
Total eclipse ends: 5:24 a.m. MDT
Partial eclipse ends: 6:34 a.m. MDT

Pacific Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 2:15 a.m. PDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 3:25 a.m. PDT
Greatest eclipse: 3:55 a.m. PDT
Total eclipse ends: 4:24 a.m. PDT
Partial eclipse ends: 5:34 a.m. PDT

Alaskan Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 1:15 a.m. ADT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 2:25 a.m. ADT
Greatest eclipse: 2:55 a.m. ADT
Total eclipse ends: 3:24 a.m. ADT
Partial eclipse ends: 4:34 a.m. ADT

Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (October 7-8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 11:15 p.m. HAST on October 7
Total eclipse begins: 12:25 a.m. HAST on October 8
Greatest eclipse: 12:55 a.m. HAST on October 8
Total eclipse ends: 1:24 a.m. HAST on October 8
Partial eclipse ends: 2:34 a.m. HAST on October 8

~Links for Moon Correspondence~

***http://www.astrology.com.tr/planetary-hours.asp***

http://dailymoonposition.com/default.aspx

http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/moonphases.html?year=2014&n=0

http://www.lunitidal-interval.com/

http://www.archaeoastronomy.com/2014.html


 

Lunar Eclipses
Consider this fact about lunar eclipses: A lunar eclipse can only occur during the night of a full moon. This means you will be working with full moon energy. A lunar eclipse does not have to be visible for you to work magic.

Magic spells performed during lunar eclipses combine the power of the full and new moons simultaneously. Therefore, consider carefully your wishes. Any spell performed during a Lunar Eclipse must be done carefully, as one is invoking the Triple Goddess in each of her forms. Consider carefully what you wish and write it out beforehand.




Moon Phase Magic

The Moon is the most important heavenly body to witches. We draw on her power for lunar magic. We cast our spells in accord with her cycles. She inspires and illuminates us. There are moon gods, but the Moon has always been perceived as female. The Moon is cyclical, like women. She mirrors the stages of our lives: "Maiden", "Mother" and "Crone". She is Changing Woman, as are we.

The Moon is the astronomical body closest to us and, therefore, she has a profound influence upon us. The highest energy occurs at the Full Moon and, therefore, this is the most powerful time for magical workings. The New Moon is the next most powerful time for Magic.

New Moon Magic: Initiation
The New Moon has a more inward feel than the Full Moon. The New Moon has a void or empty quality, and therefore can be frightening to those not comfortable with uncertainty. Can you learn to trust the dark? It's the moment when the old passes away and the new is not yet here. That's why it's a powerful time for sending out your prayer, wishes, desires to the Universe.

New Moon workings can be done from the day of the New Moon to three-and-a-half days after. The New Moon is great for new beginnings, starting a new venture, initiating a new project or embarking on an adventure. This is the time when new love and romance can flourish. This is the time to hunt for a new job or to start trying to get pregnant. Under the New Moon, work with the new: the beginning of a new life, a new career, a new love, a new you.

Waxing Moon Magic: Growth
The Waxing Moon, when the Moon appears to grow larger in the sky, is a time of growth. From seven to fourteen days after the New Moon, use the Waxing Moon for constructive magic, including love, wealth, courage, success, friendship, luck and health. As the Moon grows larger, the more powerfully you will feel the energy of the Goddess.

Under the Waxing Moon, you want to work with building on what you have started under the New Moon: gaining in prosperity, getting money, developing or receiving love, working toward having a pregnancy develop in a healthy way. This is the time to bring positive and constructive things into your life, such as performing magic to bring prosperity and health.

Full Moon Magic: Your Heart's Desire
From fourteen to seventeen-and-a-half days after the New Moon comes the Full Moon and its magical potential. This is the prime time for rituals for prophecy, protection and divination. Perform any workings that require extra power, such as helping to find a new job or healing for serious conditions. This is also the time for love, knowledge, money, dreams and legal undertakings.

The Full Moon is the time to really go for what you want. The Moon's energy is incredibly powerful, and you can ask her to help you in nearly any request. Full Moon energy is available three days before and after the actual date of the Full Moon, so use this time for divination, dreams, love and whatever else your heart desires.

If you don't know what you want, resist the temptation to work magic under the Full Moon simply because it's a good time for magical workings. Instead, consider performing a ritual to honor the Goddess and feel as one with her. This can be a powerful enough experience on its own.

Waning Moon Magic: Removing
From three-and-a-half days after the Full Moon comes the Waning Moon. The moon is getting smaller, and this time is used for banishing magic; for ridding oneself of illness, addictions or negativity.

The Waning Moon is the time go rid yourself of negative things in your life. Perform banishing magic to lose some weight or rid yourself of a minor ailment. Work to eliminate negative influences in your environment, such as banishing stress from your office or silencing malicious gossip. Consider going to the source and banishing the tensions that are causing you to have stress.

Dark Moon Magic: A Break, or Binding
Many magical practitioners believe that magic should not be worked during the three days each month that the Moon is dark and is not visible in the sky. The Goddess is thought to have descended into the underworld; she is in mourning, and her energy is at its lowest point of the lunar cycle.

During the Dark of the Moon, Hecate, the Goddess in her aspect of queen of the underworld rules, and some witches have been known to call upon her dark powers to perform negative workings at this time. Better to take a break from magic and relax and meditate during this time.

Should you choose to perform magic during the Dark of the Moon, this can be a time of ridding oneself of bad habits. You may perform binding spells, to explore your darkest recesses and understand your anger and passions. This also is a time for bringing justice to bear.

 


 

But the rare Red Blood Moon October 8th is unique in that these  lunar eclipses which are special events in and of itself. A lunar eclipse is a time to work on ones magic and psychic abilities and to remove blocks of any kind because the full moon is a time of letting go and embracing ones power and strength.


 

Energy of a lunar eclipse is very powerful and has a potency strength lasting at least 6 month for any magic spell casting, and coupled with the rare Red Blood Moon this could be a time to manifest powerful abundance and self improvement of ones psychic gifts and talents.

The rare Red Blood Moons are a special occasions used for honoring and celebrating life, or the blood flow of life. This energy of the moon can be used to energize fertility, abundance, or communicate with spirit.

So light your red candles (you can use a green candle) but during this energy a red candle will suffice. The following prayer is one of many to use to draw down the energy above:

“By the gods and the goddess above
bring money into my life
through this spell I shall have money
and I shall harm no one in receiving
and it shall not come back to me
so I bind the powers of three
as I will it so mote it be”.


 


 

Blood Moon Ritual


 


 

The Blood Moon is the last of the harvest moons, and the one closest to Samhain, the time when the veil between this world and the Otherworld is the thinnest. Also known as “moon of the changing season” and “failing leaf moon” the Blood Moon represents the death of one cycle and the birth of a new cycle. Blood is the life force that flows through your physical body. The Blood Moon ritual gives you the opportunity to give thanks and celebrate this life force.


 

For this ritual, you will need a white candle, a red candle, a red apple, a chalice full of cranberry juice, and three daffodil bulbs.

Draw a magick circle and call in the elements. Light the white candle and say:

I light this candle for eternal light.


 

Light the red candle and say:

I light this candle for eternal life.


 

Give thanks to the Goddess before eating the apple:

Divine Lady, I thank you for your gift of life.


 

Place any seeds from the apple on the altar. Take the chalice of juice and go to each of the four directions while calling out:

Oh great and mighty one, ruler of eternal life

Our blood runs together as One on this sacred night.


 

Thank the Goddess and bid farewell to the elements. Pull up the circle and in the morning, take the three daffodil bulbs and plant them into the ground. They represent the eternal life of the divine Goddess being renewed for the next year. Return the apple seeds to the earth.

 

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Legion of Pagans Spiritual Ministry

Institution of Magick

Elder Airwolf~Founder/Owner

Mercury Retrograde & the Blood Moon Eclips

Astrological events love to come in clusters. Watching the sky for a while, you can get the feeling you do when you're waiting for a city bus—why can't they spread out and come every 15 minutes instead of four busses showing up at the same time?

Well, a lot of busses arrive in October, all within a very short time. Actually, we got a good start in late September, with the Libra New Moon happening two days after the equinox. If you remember, those last days of summer were like being propelled through a funnel. Now we are into autumn and I have some news for you about what the sky is offering.

First, we have the third and final Mercury retrograde of the year. This begins on Saturday, October 4 at 1:02 pm EDT (17:02 UTC). It lasts through Saturday, October 25 at 3:16 pm EDT (19:16 UTC). This is going to be an exciting Mercury retrograde, particularly right at the end—I'll come back to that in a moment.

Mercury stations retrograde in early Scorpio. It then backtracks into Libra, covering half of that sign, and then stations direct. One thing that jumps out right away is that in traditional astrology, Scorpio is ruled by Mars and Libra is ruled by Venus. If you read old astrology texts, you find out that Mercury is gender neutral.

So we have a Mercury retrograde event that is likely to commence a new discussion of gender identity. This is an aspect of life that is fraught with controversy, because so much of the pain people are in is mistakenly associated with feelings about being either male or female. There is this thing called gender rage, which is anger projected at all members of the opposite sex, or any anger that is related to sex and gender.

Mercury will be making a series of visits to Libra and Scorpio, which looks to me like a shifting perspective—that is, Mercury taking on the feeling of maleness and femaleness in a series of sign changes. This could deliver the one thing we need the most in gender discussions, which is seeing and feeling life from the opposite (or seemingly opposite) perspective.

As happened during the last Mercury retrograde about four months ago, Mercury makes a series of trine aspects to a meaningful newly discovered planet called Nessus, which is about accountability. Yet Nessus also contains plenty of data about healing gender issues and resolving old injuries, such as from past abuse situations. When Nessus shows up, it points to the problem and it points to the solution. For that to work, it's necessary to keep the main concept of Nessus in mind, which is accountability—that is the person who is actually going to deal with the situation.

Nessus reveals the futility of blame, including self-blame. At the same time the theme of Nessus suggests that accountability is essential; and that there must be someone willing to deal—and that someone had best be you. The story will vary from person to person, though with Mercury and Nessus involved there is the underlying theme of speaking the unspeakable or saying what has not been said, especially if it feels impossible to say.

Mercury transitioning back and forth from Scorpio to Libra emphasizes the theme of taking what cannot be easily expressed (Scorpio) and presenting it in a relational way (Libra).

During the Mercury retrograde, there are two eclipses. The first of these is a total lunar eclipse in Aries, exact early the morning of Wednesday, October 8. In fact it happens right at the midpoint of Aries, which you can think of as a hotspot in the zodiac. It's also closely conjunct Uranus, which is another hotspot. The eclipse activates a grand fire trine that includes Jupiter in Leo and Mars and Pholus in Sagittarius.

As a South Node eclipse in Aries, this event relates to the process of giving up some identity construct that you've been living with for a while—perhaps a very long time, and replacing it with something bold and original. You will have plenty of support doing that, which will be accessed through consciously embracing the process of letting go of whatever that old personality construct may be, such as an outdated sense of purpose.

Both Mars and the presence of activity in Aries are in the aspect pattern. One possible collective manifestation of this could be some revelation about the militancy of humanity and of our time in history. As many have pointed out, this tendency affects people down to the level of our innermost thoughts, and is worth observing and questioning.

The second eclipse is even more interesting. It is conjunct Venus and is a story all its own—related to many other stories. The eclipse happens just after the Sun has ingressed Scorpio. By this I mean that the Sun enters Scorpio at 7:57 am EDT, the Moon and Venus enter Scorpio nearly simultaneously at about 5 pm EDT, and a solar eclipse conjunct Venus happens just before 6 pm.

I will say that another way. On the morning of Thursday, October 23, we wake up with the Moon, Venus, and the Sun all in Libra. By early evening they are all in Scorpio and align in an eclipse of the Sun. So that is a lot of change concentrated within a few hours.

With Scorpio, the theme of sex is again emphasized, particularly with the presence of Venus. Yet there is an odd counterpoint to the sex theme, which is Pallas Athene in Scorpio, very close to the eclipse. Pallas Athene is one of those aspects that says "sexless." It says it in a few ways. Athena was born from her father's head, without sex. She is a woman dressed in a suit of armor, which connotes a concealed or unavailable femininity.

One of the keynotes of Pallas Athene is a voluntary giving up of womanly sexuality and other trappings of femininity to serve another purpose. Yet that purpose may indeed be sex, because there are plenty of conventional gender attributes that get in the way of honest sexual relating, be it physical or in conversation.

Pallas Athene also represents strategy. This is an interesting subtopic of sex, which sometimes seems to call for total surrender to spontaneous creation, and at other times can call for (or even require) a conscious strategy.

One's sexual strategy might be as mundane as pregnancy prevention or safer sex (too sophisticated for a great many people) or figuring out how to get the sex you want, including with the specific person you want. Strategy can be thought of as any conscious adaptation, such as deciding you have a fetish and finding the community that will help you fulfill that desire.

Most therapists would probably say that the concept of strategy is something to leave outside the door of our relationships, because they would associate it with having a closed heart, or not taking a "come-what-may" attitude. To those who place any value on sexual freedom, which I would define as embracing the conscious freedom to choose what you want, ongoing, we are in an era of history where some form of strategy is a necessity if you want to make contact with others.

There's one last idea I can relate among this rather rich aspect pattern, made more interesting by a point with the inflections of Pallas Athene. You could say that Pallas represents politicization of whatever it makes contact with. This can work in many ways, though in Scorpio, we have the idea of sex turned into a political issue. With Venus in the mix, we have women's sexuality turned into a political issue. And with an eclipse, it could be big. I say this knowing we are in an era of the female body being turned into a political instrument or worse, a battleground.

Notably, this eclipse is happening in the final stretch of a general election cycle. It's a midterm election, though extremely crucial, because if the Senate becomes Republican, we can pretty much kiss goodbye the appointment of any pro-choice judges in the last two years of Obama's presidency. All federal judicial appointments must be approved by the Senate. However, this aspect looks like it portrays some kind of immediate crisis, and we've had no shortage of those lately. Whatever it is could easily tip the election in key districts.

But the problem as I see it is much more deeply soaked into the emotions of our society—for example, the expectation that it's somehow normal, useful, or productive to turn the female body into a battleground, or worse, some kind of political territory to be conquered.

In responding to any such attack, it's possible to get drawn into the argument in a way where no matter what you say, you lose. Many different factions use sex or ideas about sex as a weapon, some under the guise of conservatism and some under the guise of progressivism. Both are equally repugnant.

What is lost in the discussion is that any expression of sex as power, or use of sex as an organizing platform, usually obscures the more fundamental right to experience pleasure. The right to choice—that is, to choose to use contraception and the right to abortion on demand, are all about a woman's right to be sexual for her own sake, and to mitigate the consequences of sex. Taking away any such rights are an attack on emotional autonomy.

The Scorpio eclipse happens just before Mercury stations direct. The eclipse is the evening of Thursday, October 23 (21:56 UTC) and Mercury stations direct less than two days later. The eclipse occurs during what is called the Mercury storm, in what may be the most turbulent moment of that phase, in the days and hours right before Mercury changes directions.

This suggests that any sinister political plot could backfire. The Sun, Venus, and Pallas Athene align in an exact conjunction between the 24th and the 26th, which also implies an extended moment of clarity.

One last thought: Both of these eclipses make exact aspects to the chart for Obama's speech last month, the one announcing another permanent war on terrorists. Obama made that presentation to the American people on the eve of the 9/11 anniversary—yet another exploitation of that incident, despite it being 13 years and no domestic terrorist attacks after the fact.

The eclipses of October make aspects to two extremely sensitive points in the chart for Obama's speech, and I'm concerned that we could see another significant escalation of the war in the Middle East, which is now beginning to involve many more parties than in the past.

I have not mentioned that Mars is in Sagittarius, and will be making many aspects to sensitive objects in that sign through the month of October, prior to changing signs into Capricorn on October 26. I know it seems perfectly futile to resist such movements, which are being orchestrated by many forces that are out of sight, though it would be wise to remember who will be left with responsibility for the future, and left with the bill.

If Mars in Sagittarius says anything, it says think of the future. There is such a thing as the future, and it's our most valuable collective resources—definitely something to consider.

I mean it. The future. We usually live like there isn't one. But why?

Hymn to Hekatê

Hymn to Hekatê

Hekatê of the Path, I invoke Thee, Lovely Lady of the Triple Crossroads,Celestial, Chthonian, and Marine One, Lady of the Saffron Robe.Sepulchral One, celebrating the Bakchic Mysteries among the Souls of the Dead, Daughter of Persês, Lover of Solitude, rejoicing in deer.

Nocturnal One, Lady of the Dogs, invincible Queen.She of the Cry of the Beast, Ungirt One, having an irresistible Form.Bullherder, Keeper of the Keys of All the Universe, Mistress,Guide, Bride, Nurturer of Youths, Mountain Wanderer.

I pray Thee, Maiden, to be present at our hallowed rites of initiation,Always bestowing Thy graciousness upon the Boukolos.

—-Shrine of the Forgotten Goddesses

 

 

Hecate ~ Goddess of the Witches

 

Hecate is a powerful goddess representing the aspects of the Triple Goddess: goddess of fertility and plenty; goddess of the moon; and goddess of the night and the underworld, which led to her evolving as the patroness of magic and Witchcraft. She mixed fertility with death to be used as earth power. She has been called supreme, both in heaven and hell. It is believed that even Zeus called on her whenever he wished to grant something to someone. Hecate is portrayed as the most powerful – who could give aplenty or destroy totally. She is said to have the power to bestow on or withhold from mortals any gifts she chose. All the secret powers of Nature were at her command. She had control over birth, life, and death. Because of her power in the three areas of nature, heaven and earth she was represented as a triple form.

She is most known as an underworld goddess; the Goddess of the Dark of the Moon, the nights that there is no moon and the world above is as dark as the world below. She was the overseer of the world of the dead. At night she traveled roaming the earth accompanied by her dogs, Hermes, and dead souls. Some say she sent demons from the lower world at night and that she causes nightmares and insanity, and was called “the Nameless One.”

 

Goddess of Fertility

Hecate was looked upon as a goddess of fertility, whose torch was carried over freshly sown fields to symbolize the fertilizing power of moonlight. In women’s agricultural mysteries her trinity took form as Kore the green corn, Persephone the ripe ear, and Hecate the harvested corn. She is closely associated as a Goddess of Midwives and pregnant women. Hecate is described by Hellenic as being in the houses of women in childbirth. Since she is a Goddess of the underworld which deals with life and death it little wonder that she was petitioned for help by women having difficulty in child bearing.

 

Goddess of the Underworld

 Because of her connection to the underworld, Hecate is often portrayed as having similar traits as those of Persephone. Hecate assisted Demeter in her search for Persephone and after their reunion became Persephone’s minister and companion in Hades. And it was she who offered to make sure that Zeus’ ruling was obeyed when it was decided that Persephone’s time would be divided between her mother and Hades. Thus she was closely associated with Eleusinian Mysteries. Like Hades and Persephone, Hecate was never allowed to sit as a member on the council of Olympians. The Crossroads As Goddess of the Crossroads she is usually portrayed with three faces, thus she was Hecate Treyia, “Hecate of the Three Ways.” And it was at the crossways where three roads met where the Greeks left their monthly offerings. Offerings, particularly on nights of the full moon, were left at roadside shrines built in her honor, especially by those wishing this goddess of prophecy and magic to assist them on journeys. All those who embarked on a journey or a venture, war, adventure, harvest – anything, always offered their prayers to Hecate, for it was upon the crossroads that you would meet her.

 

Worship

 Throughout the ages incarnations have been chanted to her, sacrifices were offered to her. Food offerings called “Hecate’s Supper” were left there late at night on the eve of the full Moon. The person leaving the food walked away without looking back, for they were afraid to confront the goddess face to face. This was a way of honoring the threefold goddess where on could look three ways at once. One petition for her patronage is recorded in the third century by Hippolytus in Philosphumena:

Come infernal, terrestrial, and heavenly Bombo (Hecate), goddess of the broad roadways, of the crossroad, thou who goest to and fro at night, torch in hand, enemy of the day. Friend and lover of darkness, thou who doest rejoice when the bitches are howling and warm blood is spilled, thou who art walking amid the phantom and the in place of the tombs, thou whose thirst is blood, thou who doest strike chill and fear in mortal hearts, Gorgo, Mormo, Moon of a thousand forms, cast a propitious eye on our sacrifice.

Aspects and Imagery

In vase paintings she holds two torches while in statuary she was frequently depicted as having three heads and three bodies. In later times Hecate took on the form of a pillar called Hecterion. One statue shows her with three heads and six arms, bearing three torches and three sacred emblems. A key, rope, and dagger. With the key to the underworld, Hecate unlocks the secrets of the occult mysteries and knowledge of afterlife. The rope symbolizes the umbilical cord of rebirth and renewal. The Dagger or Athame is a symbol of ritual power.

She is “The goddess that troubles the reason of men.”

The Greeks called her “The Hag of the Dead”

She is also called “the most lovely one” a title of the moon.

The owl is her messenger, and the willow is her tree.

Rides a chariot pulled by dragons.

Depicted wearing a gleaming headdress of stars.

She was connected to the goddess Artemis, Diana, and Persephone.

Closely associated with Eleusinian Mysteries.

History/Genealogy

It is believed that her powerful position was derived from the Egyptian mid-wife goddess Heqit, Heket, or Hekat, who in turn evolved from the heq or tribal matriarch of pre-dynastic Egypt, who was a wise-woman in command of all hekau or “mother’s Words of Power.” In her moon-goddess aspect she is often part of the trinity with Selene, and Diana/Artemis. In Greek mythology Hecate was the only child of the Titanes Perses (god of man-made destruction – he who lays waste) and Asteria (flaming one: goddess of fire. After the fall of the Titans she was pursued by Zeus. She cast herself into the sea as a flaming meteor from heaven and was transformed permanently into the island of Delos which later became a sanctuary for Leto to give birth.) . From her parents she inherited powers over the earth, sea and heavens. Hecate was the only Titan who retained her power after Zeus’ victory. During the Middle ages, Hecate became known as Queen of the Ghostworld, or Queen of Witches. She was particularlly demonized by Catholic authorities.

Festivals and Celebrations

On the Greek isle of Aegina a festival was held every year in her honor. Mystery rites were held in her behalf.

On August 13 in Greece at the House of Storms and Fertility. It was held to aid in keeping the harvest storms from destroying the harvest.

Hallowmas held on October 31 to honor Hecate at a time when the veil between the world was the thinnest.

In Italy by the lake of Avernus, there was a scared dark grove of Hecate. In private worship to her followers were offered Hecates suppers. The leftovers were placed outdoors as offerings to this goddess and her hounds.

Sacred to Hecate

Key, torch, cauldron, dogs, owls, wild animals

Attributes

Poppy, animals dog, willow, star

Misc

Medea was a priestess of Hecate. In some accounts she is actually Hecate’s daughter.

The appearance of black howling dogs at night meant that Hecate was near, and their barking announced her approach. “If the dogs are traveling at night, it means Hecate is about.”

She is only visible to dogs.

Her name was called at night at the cross-roads of cities.

She is said to live near the tombs of the victims of murder.

 

 

 

CRONE

Untie a knot,Tie a new knotBind it and set it free!Take me in your twisted hands,old womanWith each wrinkle I am yours in the endTwist the twine, weaver of timeYour destiny is mine.

I raise my eyes into my eyesAnd there I see you beckoningConspirator, adventurerUpon the spiral way.Whose approach is creamed away in liesYou are not refused in meWhose whisper now is deafeningI watch you weaving patiently

Holy Mother of the Web,Weaver of the spider’s treadSister spinners, weavers allDance upon the Harpy’s clawFill the void with sacred rageRattle the bars, free the cageShatter silence with your criesSister flyers, pierce the skies!Like the snake that sheds its skin,Letting transformation take meThe golden chrysalis hands by a thread

As I look withinWhere one leaves off and the next begins,In your chaos will I bideShadow spinner, Moerae,Guide me to the other side!Untie a knot,Tie a new knotBind it and set it free!

—–By: Ruth Barrett, The Temple of Hecate

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Blood Moon Eclipse October 8th, 2014


Total eclipse of Blood Moon on night of October 7-8
There is a total eclipse of the full moon on October 8, 2014. This is the Northern Hemisphere’s Hunter’s Moon – the name for the full moon after the Harvest Moon. It’s also a Blood Moon, and this eclipse is the second in a series of four so-called Blood Moon eclipses. For North America and the Hawaiian Islands, the total lunar eclipse happens in the wee hours before sunrise on October 8. For New Zealand, Australia and eastern Asia, the total eclipse is seen after sunset on October 8. A partial lunar eclipse can be seen before sunrise, October 8, from much of South America, or after sunset, October 8, from western Asia. Follow the links below to learn more about the 2014 Hunter’s Moon and the October 8 total lunar eclipse.

When is the October 2014 moon exactly full?

Who will see the October 7-8 total lunar eclipse?

Who will see the partial lunar eclipse on October 8?

Eclipse times in Universal Time.

Eclipse times for North American time zones.

Lunar eclipse computer courtesy of the US Naval Observatory

Eclipse calculator courtesy of TimeandDate

A double Blood Moon eclipse on October 8?

How is the Hunter’s Moon different from other full moons?

EarthSky lunar calendars make perfect gifts for all ages!

Animation of the October 8, 2014, total lunar eclipse, whereby the moon passes through the Earth's shadow from west to east. The horizontal yellow line depicts the ecliptic. The nearby dim 
Animation of the October 8, 2014, total lunar eclipse, whereby the moon passes through the Earth’s shadow from west to east. The horizontal yellow line depicts the ecliptic. The nearby dim “star” is actually the planet Uranus, which may be visible through binoculars. Image credit: Tomruen
Day and night sides of Earth at instant of the October 2014 full moon

Day and night sides of Earth at instant of the October 2014 full moon (2014 October 8 at 10:51 Universal Time)
Day and night sides of Earth at instant of the October 2014 full moon (2014 October 8 at 10:51 Universal Time)
When is the October 2014 moon exactly full? Generally speaking, we in the Americas will say the moon stays full all through the night tonight, October 7-8.

But to astronomers, the moon turns full at a well-defined instant: when it’s most opposite the sun for the month.

That instant happens on October 8, 2014 at 10:51 UTC. At our U.S. time zones, that places the precise time of full moon on October 8 at 6:51 a.m. EDT, 5:51 a.m CDT, 4:51 a.m. MDT or 3:51 a.m. PDT. At that time, because there’s an eclipse happening, the moon will be totally submerged in the Earth’s dark umbral shadow.

Meanwhile, because of the difference in time zones, this same full moon happens at local midnight (October 7-8) for far-western Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. It’s sunrise (October 8) for northeastern North America and far-western South America, and it’s sunset (October 8) in Asia.

Watch the full-looking moon on the night of October 7-8 rise in the east as the sun goes down. Like any full moon, the Hunter’s Moon will shine all night long. It’ll soar highest in the sky around midnight and will set in the west around sunrise.

View larger. Worldwide eclipse map courtesy of NASA Eclipse Web Site.
View larger. Worldwide eclipse map courtesy of NASA Eclipse Web Site.
Who will see the October 7-8 total lunar eclipse? The October 2014 full moon passes directly through Earth’s dark (umbral) shadow. The total part of the October 8 eclipse lasts nearly 1 hour. A partial umbral eclipse precedes totality by about one hour and 10 minutes, and follows totality by about the same period of time, so the moon takes about 3 and 1/3 hours to completely sweep through the Earth’s dark shadow.

North and South America, the Pacific Ocean, New Zealand, Australia and eastern Asia are in a good position worldwide to watch the total eclipse of the moon on October 8. If you live in the Americas or Hawaii, the total eclipse happens before sunrise October 8. In the world’s eastern hemisphere, the total eclipse happens after sunset October 8.

A very light penumbral eclipse comes before and after the dark (umbral) stage of the lunar eclipse. But this sort of eclipse is so faint that many people won’t even notice it. The penumbral eclipse would be more fun to watch from the moon, where it would be seen as a partial eclipse of the sun.

Who will see the partial lunar eclipse on October 8? A partial lunar eclipse may be visible in the haze of morning dawn from the extreme eastern portion of North America (Newfoundland), before sunrise on October 8. A partial lunar eclipse can also be observed from western Asia (eastern India, Nepal, western China) after sunset on October 8.

The moon moves from west to east across the Earth's shadow. The horizontal yellow line depicts the ecliptic - Earth's orbital plane projected onto the dome of sky. The greatest eclipse takes place on October 8, at 10:55 Universal Time (6:55 a.m. EDT, 5:55 a.m. CDT, 4:55 a.m. MDT or 3:55 a.m. PDT). Click for eclipse computer
The moon moves from west to east across the Earth’s shadow. The horizontal yellow line depicts the ecliptic – Earth’s orbital plane projected onto the dome of sky. The greatest eclipse takes place on October 8, at 10:55 Universal Time (6:55 a.m. EDT, 5:55 a.m. CDT, 4:55 a.m. MDT or 3:55 a.m. PDT). Click for eclipse computer
Eclipse times in Universal Time.

Partial umbral eclipse begins: 9:15 Universal Time (UT)
Total eclipse begins: 10:25 UT
Greatest eclipse: 10:55 UT
Total eclipse ends: 11:24 UT
Partial umbral eclipse ends: 12:34 UT

How do I translate Universal Time to my time?

Eclipse times for North American time zones.

Eastern Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 5:15 a.m. EDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 6:25 a.m. EDT
Greatest eclipse: 6:55 a.m. EDT
Total eclipse ends: 7:24 a.m. EDT
Partial eclipse ends: 8:34 a.m. EDT

Central Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 4:15 a.m. CDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 5:25 a.m. CDT
Greatest eclipse: 5:55 a.m. CDT
Total eclipse ends: 6:24 a.m. CDT
Partial eclipse ends: 7:34 a.m. CDT

Mountain Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 3:15 a.m. MDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 4:25 a.m. MDT on October 8
Greatest eclipse: 4:55 a.m. MDT
Total eclipse ends: 5:24 a.m. MDT
Partial eclipse ends: 6:34 a.m. MDT

Pacific Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 2:15 a.m. PDT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 3:25 a.m. PDT
Greatest eclipse: 3:55 a.m. PDT
Total eclipse ends: 4:24 a.m. PDT
Partial eclipse ends: 5:34 a.m. PDT

Alaskan Daylight Time (October 8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 1:15 a.m. ADT on October 8
Total eclipse begins: 2:25 a.m. ADT
Greatest eclipse: 2:55 a.m. ADT
Total eclipse ends: 3:24 a.m. ADT
Partial eclipse ends: 4:34 a.m. ADT

Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (October 7-8, 2014)
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 11:15 p.m. HAST on October 7
Total eclipse begins: 12:25 a.m. HAST on October 8
Greatest eclipse: 12:55 a.m. HAST on October 8
Total eclipse ends: 1:24 a.m. HAST on October 8
Partial eclipse ends: 2:34 a.m. HAST on October 8

View larger. Chart, displaying eclipse phases in Universal Time (GMT), courtesy of EclipseWise.com
View larger. Chart, displaying eclipse phases in Universal Time (GMT), courtesy of EclipseWise.com
A double Blood Moon eclipse on October 8? Okay, we’re saying this a bit tongue in cheek, but somebody is bound to come up with this. In skylore, the Northern Hemisphere’s Hunter’s Moon on October 7-8 will be called a Blood Moon. Plus the October 7-8 total lunar eclipse – the second of four total lunar eclipses in the ongoing lunar tetrad – has been widely called a Blood Moon. Voila. Double Blood Moon.

Hunter’s Moon is just a name. It’s the name for the full moon after the Harvest Moon, which is the full moon nearest the September 23 autumnal equinox. This year, the Harvest Moon came on September 9. That’s why tonight’s moon bears the name Hunter’s Moon.

Blood Moon is just a name, too. It’s one of dozens, maybe hundreds, of full moon names that spring from skylore, a form of folklore centered on the sky. Read about some full moon names here.

In 2014 and 2015, a new usage of the term Blood Moon sprang up. Surely you heard about it at the total lunar eclipse in April 2014. It’s the name being used for the four eclipses of the ongoing lunar tetrad – four total lunar eclipses in a row, each separated from the other by six lunar months (six full moons). Read about the lunar tetrad and about this sort of Blood Moon, here.

Meanwhile, this moon is the Southern Hemisphere’s first full moon of spring. The September 23 equinox ushers in the spring equinox in the southern half of the globe.


In autumn, the angle of the ecliptic – or sun and moon’s path – makes a narrow angle with the horizon. Image via classicalastronomy.com.

The narrow angle of the ecliptic means the moon rises noticeably farther north on the horizon, from one night to the next. So there is no long period of darkness between sunset and moonrise. Image via classicalastronomy.com.
How is the Hunter’s Moon different from other full moons? The Hunter’s Moon always occurs in autumn. In the Northern Hemisphere, it usually falls in October, although it can come as late as early November. In the Southern Hemisphere, a full moon with Hunter’s Moon characteristics comes in April or May.

Autumn full moons – like the Hunter’s Moon or Harvest Moon – are different from other full moons. That’s because, in autumn, the ecliptic – or path of the sun, moon and planets – makes a narrow angle with the evening horizon. That fact causes several sky phenomena. For example, the location of the moonrise on your horizon, for several nights around a Northern Hemisphere autumn full moon, is noticeably farther north along the eastern horizon for several nights in succession.

It’s this northward movement of the moon along the eastern horizon at moonrise – for several days in a row, around the time of full moon – that gives the Hunter’s Moon its magic.

These more northerly moonrises assure us of earlier-than-usual moonrises around the time of full moon. On average, the moon rises 50 minutes later daily. But at mid-northern latitudes around now, the moon is rising about 30 to 35 minutes later. And farther north, the effect is even more pronounced. For instance, at latitudes close to the Arctic Circle – like at Fairbanks, Alaska – the moon actually rises around 15 to 20 minutes later for several days in a row.

Meanwhile, in the months of September, October and November as seen from the Southern Hemisphere, it’s springtime. In the spring, there is a particularly long time between successive moonrises, around the time of full moon.

Before the advent of electricity, our ancestors knew how to plan nocturnal activity around the full Hunter’s Moon. If you live sufficiently north on the globe, you can count on tonight’s Hunter’s Moon to bring early evening-till-dawn moonlight for the next several nights!

As autumn full moons, the Harvest and Hunter’s Moons show this seasonal effect, though to a lesser extent than usual around now due to an effect known as minor lunar standstill.

Read more: Lunar standstill cycle lessens impact of Hunter’s Moons

Bottom line: The 2014 Hunter’s Moon takes place on the night of October 7-8 for us in the western hemisphere and on the evening of October 8 for the eastern hemisphere. In skylore, the Hunter’s Moon is the full moon after the Harvest Moon, which is the full moon closest to the September equinox. It’s characterized by a shorter-than-usual time between moonrises for several nights in a row around full moon. This 2014 Hunter’s Moon features the second of four total lunar eclipses in the ongoing lunar tetrad. Thus this eclipse will be called a Blood Moon.

Photo top of post by EarthSky Facebook friend John Michael Mizzi on the island of Gozo

What is a Blood Moon?

A planisphere is virtually indispensable for beginning stargazers. Order your EarthSky planisphere today.

 

Bruce McClure

BLYSSFUL FREYA'S DAY PAGANS!

The stars are bright at night as we look towards the east before the dawn gazing upon Venus, Saturn, Mercury and Spica. A certain crispness with aromas of pumpkin, apples and spices linger in the air and in the morning dew on the ground. For sure tell-tail signs of fall as I reset my alter for Samhain Rituals and decorating with all the usual seasonal things in celebration of our upcoming New Year. Are You Ready!

The element of Samhain is Air. The veil to the other side is so thin at this time that you can see the spirits in the Air.  You don't need any scrying tools! Use the intuitive skills you already have inside. Be sure to use protection if you plan to scry at this time. You can do this by surrounding yourself with Love. Only Love may enter. All else will be turned away....

...So as this Samhain approaches, what is ending in you? What do you have inside that it is time to let go of? No healing is complete until you get beyond recovery. Use Samhain to take the thirteenth step: Transformation. In the Tarot, the thirteenth card of the Major Arcana is Death, and it is ruled by Scorpio. Samhain occurs in Scorpio. The card of Death doesn't necessarily mean physical death (though it can mean that), but more productively, it can be seen as an inevitable heavy change or transformation. Something old must be gotten rid of to make room for something new to be able to come in. Use the magic of this time to say good-bye to an old habit or addiction, an old relationship, or anything else it is time to leave behind.

At the same time, be ready to plant the seeds of the new. What would you like to become involved with? A new type of job?  A more meaningful spiritual path? A better way of relating with your partner? While something old is gone, also use the energies of Samhain to plant the seeds of the new.

At the heart of the Celtic Otherworld grows an apple tree whose fruit has magical properties. Old sagas tell of heroes crossing the western sea to find this wondrous country, known in Ireland as Emhain Abhlach, (Evan Avlach) and in Britain, Avalon. At Samhain, the apple harvest is in, and old hearthside games, such as apple-bobbing, called apple-dookin’ in Scotland, reflect the journey across water to obtain the magic apple....

          This is "All Hallow's Eve," a warm, lively essay by Mike Nichols, who has been writing on pagan themes for more than a quarter of a century.  About Samhain (Celtic New Year's Eve):...Not that the holiday was Celtic only.  In fact, it is startling how many ancient and unconnected cultures (the Egyptians and pre-Spanish Mexicans, for example) celebrated this as a festival of the dead. But the majority of our modern traditions can be traced to the British Isles....


 

The ancient Celtic view of time...is cyclical. And in this framework, New Year's Eve represents a point outside of time, when the natural order of the universe dissolves back into primordial chaos, preparatory to re- establishing itself in a new order.  Thus, Samhain is a night that exists outside of time and hence it may be used to view any other point in time. At no other holiday is a tarot card reading, crystal reading, or tea-leaf reading so likely to succeed....

          Ancient lore explains Winter in the story of the old woman goddess, Cailleach, who struck the ground with her hammer, and made it hard until Imbolc. It is the time when Celts believed the gates to the otherworld were opened and they could communicate with the dead. Later, in the Christian era the festival has been reassigned to the Feast of All Saints, however, many of the customs surrounding it concern this understanding of the accessibility to the dead at this time.

          

The evening prior to the day was the time of the most intense activity, both human and supernatural. People continued to celebrate All Hallows Eve as a time of the wandering dead, but the supernatural beings were now thought to be evil. The folk continued to propitiate those spirits (and their masked impersonators) by setting out gifts of food and drink. Subsequently, All Hallows Eve became Hallow Evening, which became Hallowe'en--an ancient Celtic, pre-Christian New Year's Day in contemporary dress....

...Virtually all present Halloween traditions can be traced to the ancient Celtic day of the dead. Halloween is a holiday of many mysterious customs, but each one has a history, or at least a story behind it. The wearing of costumes, for instance, and roaming from door to door demanding treats can be traced to the Celtic period and the first few centuries of the Christian era, when it was thought that the souls of the dead were out and around, along with fairies, witches, and demons. Offerings of food and drink were left out to placate them. As the centuries wore on, people began dressing like these dreadful creatures, performing antics in exchange for food and drink. This practice is called mumming, from which the practice of trick-or-treating evolved. To this day, witches, ghosts, and skeleton figures of the dead are among the favorite disguises. Halloween also retains some features that harken back to the original harvest holiday of Samhain, such as the customs of bobbing for apples and carving vegetables, as well as the fruits, nuts, and spices cider associated with the day....

 

Moving Between the Worlds 

I want to leave you with a meditation that you can perform at home, in a quiet space. If you have a an altar, I suggest you do it there.

First, relax your body. Do this by first concentrating on your breath, and then on a line of relaxation that moves up your body and spills over, until you are completely relaxed.

Go back to your breath. Go inside your breathing. Inside, you will find a dark wood, with most of the leaves already fallen from the trees. It is a dark, moonless night. You can hardly see. It is cold, and you do not have a coat. You move through the trees shivering, frightened of the dark, until you come to a clearing.

In it is a cheery house, and a garden that has just been cleared of the last fruits of the summer. You knock on the door, and a woman answers. She is not ancient, but her face has begun to sag.

She brightens when she sees you, and invites you in.

She is the Crone, and she has something to tell you, something about the year that has passed and the year that is before you. Listen to her.

What does she say to you?

Samhain and the Celtic Feast of the Dead. ] The focus is on the fact that this is the ancient time of the Crone Goddesses, with their promise of re-birth at the Winter Solstice (the focus on wise crones, of course, shifted to witches in more recent times): This is the time of the season which the Crone rules. She is one aspect of the triple Goddess, made up of Crone, Maiden, and Mother. It is She who opens the Western gate for those who have departed to travel into Summerland. She rules areas of death and regeneration, occult sciences, healing, and the wisdom of the ages. She comes in the form of Cerridwen, Hecate, Arianrhod, and Persephone, among many others. We use the Crone to assist us in transition from one life to the next, leaving one level of our existence and entering the next. This brings us into the Womb of the Mother to assist us in being reborn once again. For it is through Her Wisdom and guidance we learn lessons from experience past and begin life anew from the wisdom gained....

Even in death we find the seeds of life, in sorrow the seeds of joy, in pain the seeds of delight, in remembrance the seeds of knowledge. Hand in hand life walks with death, as summer walks with winter, as the north journeys with the south, neither one separate and yet not unified, neither occurring without its counter. In hand with our northern Samhain is southern Beltane, which speaks to remind us that in the hand of death we will find life -- without one there cannot be the other....

           A waning Moon, unremitting drought, and constant news of fresh tragedies from all around the world, are more resonant of Samhain than late Spring and early Summer.  Yet, in spite of the lack of rain, and many people's extravagance with, and lack of reverence for, our Sister Water, somehow the roses seem to have surpassed themselves this year.  Roses are in fact amazingly tough, and and if not 'coddled' will put on a brave show with no artifical watering. Some of the loveliest specimens are derived from varieties found in the remote, and often arid places of the earth.

The approaching Dark Moon, on November 5th. encourages deep contemplation and mindfulness, from which, as from the roots of the wild rose, grow the tough thorny stems which enable endurance, so that in the fullness of time the fragrant beauty of the flowers can gladden our hearts.  Whatever our personal tragedies, however searing our pain, it is a fact that that which we call 'Good' will always balance out that which we call 'Evil' - though it seldom seems that way, except in hindsight.

If we are willing to endure, and to continue to grow, then our spirits will eventually, like the roses, bloom with beauty and fragrance, bringing refreshment and healing to those travelling the remote and arid places of the soul.

During the Samhain season the loneliness, death and chaos, but also on hope:...The time between Samhain and Yule is the time of the Crone, the Dagda, Calleach, Morrigu, powerful, dark and wise... imposing and compelling at once. The cycle remains faithful to nature's laws: to all that lives, comes death. While some threads are long seeming and others cut short, in the end, we all enter the eternal cauldron.  Just when the dark seems all powerful, the Goddess begins life anew at Yule, with the rebirth of our fledgling Sun, God of light and warmth....

          So let's look at the astronomical origins of Halloween:...So, let's focus on the cross-quarter date that we are approaching right now, the one between autumnal equinox and winter solstice. The Celts called it Samhain (pronounced sah-win), "summer's end." As the beginning of the cold part of the year, they thought of this as a dangerous time, a seam in the annual cycle when stitches might snap, ripping the fabric of reality to let in elements of chaos. This was the Celtic new-years eve, celebrated on the last day of October. They brought their cattle out of pastures into shelter, then celebrated with a great fire festival to encourage the dimming Sun not to vanish...

...At the root of all of this is the fact that Earth, gliding in its orbit, had reached the place where we notice the diminishing energy from the Sun onto our part of the world. Thus, the origin of this cross-quarter celebration comes down from the sky....Along the way you'll encounter much history and lore, including jack-o-lanterns originally made from turnips.

          There are some obvious reasons why this place on the Wheel of the Year is associated with death. The sun is approaching its nadir, the leaves are falling from trees, the death and decay in the natural world remind us of our own mortality. Martinmas, November 11th, was the traditional time for slaughtering the cattle, sheep and pigs which could not be maintained during the winter. The Welsh called November the month of Slaughter while the Saxons called it the Month of Blood....Waverly then skillfully balances the death and blood with a delicious sense of life, the other face of death.  As the ancients understood so well, each is the source of the other, which is the gentle focus of a ritual.

          In years past, I've celebrated Samhain publicly, privately, with a coven, and as a solitary. There is no wrong way to celebrate this holiday -- except perhaps to let it go by without thinking of it at all. There is a need to honor those who have gone before us. In fact, anthropologists tell us that one of the very first things that distinguishes human life is this propensity for remembering the dead. At the most basic level of all, caring for the bones of the dead. Perhaps not so weird when you think about it. For the people who cared for their dead were equally concerned about the living, and the yet unborn. What shall be the fate of the next generation? How will the decisions we make now effect those who come after us? These are questions well worth pondering on Halloween, or any other night. And if this rather frivolous, and sometimes destructive holiday can become the occasion for pondering such question as these, then Halloween will have endured exactly the "house-cleaning" that it needs. And all of us will be the better for it.

          So this Samhain, celebrate and honor those before us and have fun....they would had done the same for you!

Be Blessed,

~Elder Airwolf~

Humble servant to my Goddess Hecate

 

BLYSSFUL FREYA'S DAY PAGANS!

Fall is in the air, maple leaves are falling, morning dew in on the ground, Samhain alter set up, decorations too, and a crispness with aromas of pumpkin, apples and spice fill the air. Are you ready for the New Year Witches!

SAMHAIN: OUR NEW YEAR

MYTH*ING LINKS 

An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links to Mythologies, 

Fairy Tales & Folklore, Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions 

by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.

SAMHAIN, 

Halloween, 

& the Day of the dead 

 

Author's NoteThis season was the beginning of the New Year (and winter) in many rural areas of Europe.  The actual time of transition, from sundown on Samhain to sundown the following day, was a "thin place" in the Celtic world, a place between-the-worlds where deep insights could pass more easily to those who were open to them.  In addition to inspiration, through the portals could also pass beings of wisdom, fun, and play (and some of these played rough, requiring common sense and real caution on the part of mortals).

Christianity would declare that these creatures of "otherness" were evil, but that only reveals how clumsy is the relationship between the West's monotheism and much older, archetypal realms of the "imaginal."  The creative impulse is inherent in life.  In humans, only when it is repressed by too many narrow minds full of rigid "do's and don't's" does it rebel and re-direct its power into malice and violence.  At its worst, monotheism impoverishes the creative juices within us, demonizing them, closing us off from multi-dimensional realms all around us.  Then we wonder why children use guns in schools which have been starved of the imaginal by the forced withdrawal of the arts, theatre, and music.

In this season of Samhain, we are reminded of other wondrous worlds existing side by side with our own, and we are invited to play, laugh, don disguises, delight in small miracles of human friendship, use common sense, and free our hearts to explore who and what we truly are.

Warmly,

Kathleen

FYI: on my Current Autumn Greetings page you'll find links to sites that overlap with Samhain, running from September through November.

 

Samhain Fires 

[From Mara Freeman's site at Celtic Spirit -- see  below]

 

 http://www.geomancy.org/astronomy/quarter-cross-quarter/samhain/index.html: 

[Added 10/24/02, updated 9/28/04 & 10/27/07]

From the UK comes Sig Lonegren's fine essay on Samhain: 

(Note: his fine essays for other Cross Quarter days will be found elsewhere on my site.)...While all of these Cross Quarter Days are all Fire Festivals, I feel each of the Celtic Cross Quarter Days is also associated with one of the four elements for the purposes of scrying. At Imbolc one looks at a bowl of Water to scry the future. Beltane is the time to look in to the Fire and burning embers to ruminate about the past. Lughnasad/Lammas uses a bowl of Earth to look at the now. The element of Samhain is Air. The veil to the other side is so thin at this time that you can see the spirits in the Air.  You don't need any scrying tools! Use the intuitive skills you already have inside. Be sure to use protection if you plan to scry at this time. You can do this by surrounding yourself with Love. Only Love may enter. All else will be turned away....

...So as this Samhain approaches, what is ending in you? What do you have inside that it is time to let go of? No healing is complete until you get beyond recovery. Use Samhain to take the thirteenth step: Transformation. In the Tarot, the thirteenth card of the Major Arcana is Death, and it is ruled by Scorpio. Samhain occurs in Scorpio. The card of Death doesn't necessarily mean physical death (though it can mean that), but more productively, it can be seen as an inevitable heavy change or transformation. Something old must be gotten rid of to make room for something new to be able to come in. Use the magic of this time to say good-bye to an old habit or addiction, an old relationship, or anything else it is time to leave behind.

At the same time, be ready to plant the seeds of the new. What would you like to become involved with? A new type of job?  A more meaningful spiritual path? A better way of relating with your partner? While something old is gone, also use the energies of Samhain to plant the seeds of the new.

Lonegren looks at many other aspects of this season as well: its history, the role of the Crone Goddess, a special apple-bobbing divination practice, and much more. http://www.celticspirit.org/samhain.htm: [Link updated 9/7/06][Added 10/11/00]: This lovely page of Samhain's history and lore comes from author and ritualist, Mara Freeman (a frequent contributor to the journal, Parabola).  She also includes several divinitory practices involving stones, apples, a mirror, and candles.  In addition, she explains why apples are so intimately connected with this season:...At the heart of the Celtic Otherworld grows an apple tree whose fruit has magical properties. Old sagas tell of heroes crossing the western sea to find this wondrous country, known in Ireland as Emhain Abhlach, (Evan Avlach) and in Britain, Avalon. At Samhain, the apple harvest is in, and old hearthside games, such as apple-bobbing, called apple-dookin’ in Scotland, reflect the journey across water to obtain the magic apple....

 http://www.sacred-texts.com/bos/bos036.htm 

          [Link updated 10/23/02; changed from "dead" Geocities site to Sacred Texts 10/30/10][Added 10/11/00]: This is "All Hallow's Eve," a warm, lively essay by Mike Nichols, who has been writing on pagan themes for more than a quarter of a century.  About Samhain (Celtic New Year's Eve):...Not that the holiday was Celtic only.  In fact, it is startling how many ancient and unconnected cultures (the Egyptians and pre-Spanish Mexicans, for example) celebrated this as a festival of the dead. But the majority of our modern traditions can be traced to the British Isles....

...The ancient Celtic view of time...is cyclical. And in this framework, New Year's Eve represents a point outside of time, when the natural order of the universe dissolves back into primordial chaos, preparatory to re- establishing itself in a new order.  Thus, Samhain is a night that exists outside of time and hence it may be used to view any other point in time. At no other holiday is a tarot card reading, crystal reading, or tea-leaf reading so likely to succeed....

Nichols explains why Christianity's concept of linear time has such a difficult time with oracles and divination; along the way, he offers several divinitory practices -- and also gives fascinating data on the possible origins of apple-bobbing and jack-o-lanterns.  [Note: you'll need to hit "Close" or otherwise disable the Geocities pop-up ad.  Don't worry -- it's obvious & easy to do this.]

 

28 September 2004: Nichols' page is sometimes overwhelmed with traffic September-October so here are two backup links for his essay: 

http://www.sacred-texts.com/bos/bos036.htm 

http://www.spiritualitea.com/sabbats/samhain.shtml  When Oracles Speak[Added 10/15/00]: Appropriately, on Friday the 13th, October 2000, a wise and luminous book was launched by Quest Books: When Oracles Speak, by Dianne Skafte, Ph.D., an expert on the ancient history and lore of oracles.  If you're intrigued by what Mike Nichols (see preceding link) and others on my page write about oracles in conjunction with Samhain / Halloween, and if you're interested in getting a richer background on the topic of oracles in general, don't miss this site with excerpts from her book (a link is provided to her book -- I've read it and highly recommend it: my review of it for amazon.com can be reached through the link).  On the opening page, the author offers an excerpt from one of her childhood experiences with divination.  An additional excerpt on practical oracular "exercises" is promised in the very near future.  [Also see directly below...] Oracles of Earth -- The Deep Below[Added 10/15/00]: Again from Dianne Skafte comes this longer, Halloween-related, and fascinating excerpt on necromancy (the ancient practice of consulting one's dead ancestors).  FYI: Dr. Skafte is a longtime friend and colleague of mine.  She is a most engaging writer, a skilled psychotherapist, and an extraordinary woman who knows firsthand the mysterious realms of which she writes.  She writes with grace, providing suitable warnings of potential pitfalls but, overall, creating a friendly, respectful atmosphere in which one feels safe to explore these deeply sacred realms. http://www.irelandforvisitors.com/articles/samhain.htm: [Link updated 10/23/02][Annotation completely revised 10/23/02]: Suzanne Barrett did the Ireland page for about.com for over four years before she and three hundred other wonderful about.com hosts were axed in late September 2001 by a shortsighted management.  One of the lost pages from Suzanne's site was her illustrated essay on Samhain in Ireland --- my link to it went dead a year ago.

Suzanne, however, has now created her own website, Ireland for Visitors, and this month she's restored her original about.com essay on the Irish celebration of Sahmain.  Here's a passage:

...Ancient lore explains Winter in the story of the old woman goddess, Cailleach, who struck the ground with her hammer, and made it hard until Imbolc. It is the time when Celts believed the gates to the otherworld were opened and they could communicate with the dead. Later, in the Christian era the festival has been reassigned to the Feast of All Saints, however, many of the customs surrounding it concern this understanding of the accessibility to the dead at this time....This is an excellent, evocative overview, enriched by the author's photos and hypertext.http://www.wicca.com/celtic/akasha/samhainlore.htmThis is another overview of Celtic lore and traditions regarding Samhain, this time from The Celtic Connection's Akasha.  She includes data on Samhain's symbols, herbs, foods, incense, colors, and stones.

 http://www.loc.gov/folklife/halloween.html 

       [Added 10/24/02]From the Library of Congress comes "Halloween: The Fantasy and Folklore of All Hallows," a fine 1982 essay by Jack Santino. Here are two excerpts:...All Saints Day, otherwise known as All Hallows (hallowed means sanctified or holy), continued the ancient Celtic traditions.  The evening prior to the day was the time of the most intense activity, both human and supernatural. People continued to celebrate All Hallows Eve as a time of the wandering dead, but the supernatural beings were now thought to be evil. The folk continued to propitiate those spirits (and their masked impersonators) by setting out gifts of food and drink. Subsequently, All Hallows Eve became Hallow Evening, which became Hallowe'en--an ancient Celtic, pre-Christian New Year's Day in contemporary dress....

...Virtually all present Halloween traditions can be traced to the ancient Celtic day of the dead. Halloween is a holiday of many mysterious customs, but each one has a history, or at least a story behind it. The wearing of costumes, for instance, and roaming from door to door demanding treats can be traced to the Celtic period and the first few centuries of the Christian era, when it was thought that the souls of the dead were out and around, along with fairies, witches, and demons. Offerings of food and drink were left out to placate them. As the centuries wore on, people began dressing like these dreadful creatures, performing antics in exchange for food and drink. This practice is called mumming, from which the practice of trick-or-treating evolved. To this day, witches, ghosts, and skeleton figures of the dead are among the favorite disguises. Halloween also retains some features that harken back to the original harvest holiday of Samhain, such as the customs of bobbing for apples and carving vegetables, as well as the fruits, nuts, and spices cider associated with the day....

 

Moving Between the Worlds 

[Source unknown] http://www.wicca.com/celtic/akasha/samhainrit.htmThis is a deep and thoughtful ritual for one's dead and one's living.  It has been skillfully adapted by Akasha Ap Emrys for the Celtic Connection (see above). http://www.witchvox.com/holidays/samhain/1031_lore_door.htmlFrom Wren Walker at The Witches' Voice comes "The Lore of the Door," a very different ritual for Samhain, this one focusing on the season as the "door," or threshold, between the realms.  The exercises involve active imagination and are designed for solitaries, not groups (the author provides suitable disclaimers about safety). http://www.gardenofwords.com/craft/samhain_meditation.html: [Updated 13 October 2004][Added 10/11/00 -- annotation expanded 10/13/04]: From Frances Donovan at about.com(see below) comes a lovely, simple, evocative guided meditation that you can do on your own for Halloween.  Since the frame displaying it doesn't load on all browsers, I'm quoting it here -- but you should still visit Frances' page for her fine introduction to this meditation:I want to leave you with a meditation that you can perform at home, in a quiet space. If you have a an altar, I suggest you do it there.

First, relax your body. Do this by first concentrating on your breath, and then on a line of relaxation that moves up your body and spills over, until you are completely relaxed.

Go back to your breath. Go inside your breathing. Inside, you will find a dark wood, with most of the leaves already fallen from the trees. It is a dark, moonless night. You can hardly see. It is cold, and you do not have a coat. You move through the trees shivering, frightened of the dark, until you come to a clearing.

In it is a cheery house, and a garden that has just been cleared of the last fruits of the summer. You knock on the door, and a woman answers. She is not ancient, but her face has begun to sag.

She brightens when she sees you, and invites you in.

She is the Crone, and she has something to tell you, something about the year that has passed and the year that is before you. Listen to her.

What does she say to you?

 

Russia's Crone-Goddess, Baba Yaga, with her magical mortar, pestle, & broom 

(Russian lacquer box courtesy of the once wonderful but now-defunct Sunbirds website--- 

also see my Baba Yaga page) http://www.salemtarot.com/archive/samhain.html: [Updated from last year's 2 messy web archive links: 10/29/09]

 

     The handsome Salem Tarot offers this 1996 essay by Christina Aubin on the lore and meaning of 

     Samhain and the Celtic Feast of the Dead.  The focus is on the fact that this is the ancient time of the 

     Crone Goddesses, with their promise of re-birth at the Winter Solstice (the focus on wise crones, of 

     course, shifted to witches in more recent times): This is the time of the season which the Crone rules. She is one aspect of the triple Goddess, made up of Crone, Maiden, and Mother. It is She who opens the Western gate for those who have departed to travel into Summerland. She rules areas of death and regeneration, occult sciences, healing, and the wisdom of the ages. She comes in the form of Cerridwen, Hecate, Arianrhod, and Persephone, among many others. We use the Crone to assist us in transition from one life to the next, leaving one level of our existence and entering the next. This brings us into the Womb of the Mother to assist us in being reborn once again. For it is through Her Wisdom and guidance we learn lessons from experience past and begin life anew from the wisdom gained....

          Note: this site also offers a free, on-line, 3-card tarot reading [updated 29 October2009].  If you click on this link, 

          have your question in heart and mind, thoughtfully, before you click on the reading's next 

          link; then "feel" for the right moment, because the web-technology will randomly, or as 

          C.G. Jung would say, "synchronistically," select a past, present, & future card the moment 

          you click on that next link.

 http://www.witchvox.com/holidays/samhain/1031_blessing2001.html

[Added 10/23/02]: Written post-9/11 in autumn 2001, this is a Samhain blessing by Christina Aubin for The Witches' Voice -- it's different from her above essay, but it's also a fine piece of work.  She combines the Northern Hemisphere's Samhain with the Southern Hemisphere's Beltane and mines the deeper implications of this union-of-opposites:...Yet while we begin our swift decline into the shadows of the year -- the southern hemisphere begins her rapid ascent into summer's grand illumination. Reminding us once again that through the shadows we must go -- to emerge once more in the luminous gaze of life. Life is a never-ending process, spiraling through life, into death, into life once more -- each spiral, the refinement of being, as individuals, as groups, as a collective. Even in death we find the seeds of life, in sorrow the seeds of joy, in pain the seeds of delight, in remembrance the seeds of knowledge.

Hand in hand life walks with death, as summer walks with winter, as the north journeys with the south, neither one separate and yet not unified, neither occurring without its counter. In hand with our northern Samhain is southern Beltane, which speaks to remind us that in the hand of death we will find life -- without one there cannot be the other....

 http://www.users.on.net/arachne/seasons.html[Added 10/30/02]:. As noted in the above link, in the Southern Hemisphere this season is the beginning of spring and Margaret RainbowWeb, a cyber-friend of mine in Australia, has created a sensitive, eloquent page that also applies to autumntide.  I especially love what she does with the theme of roses, both in her writing and in her photography.  Since her current page will disappear as the seasons again turn in a few weeks, I am taking the liberty of including her entire wonderful little essay here:It is not easy this year to experience the joys of Spring. A waning Moon, unremitting drought, and constant news of fresh tragedies from all around the world, are more resonant of Samhain than late Spring and early Summer.  Yet, in spite of the lack of rain, and many people's extravagance with, and lack of reverence for, our Sister Water, somehow the roses seem to have surpassed themselves this year.  Roses are in fact amazingly tough, and and if not 'coddled' will put on a brave show with no artifical watering. Some of the loveliest specimens are derived from varieties found in the remote, and often arid places of the earth.

The approaching Dark Moon, on November 5th. encourages deep contemplation and mindfulness, from which, as from the roots of the wild rose, grow the tough thorny stems which enable endurance, so that in the fullness of time the fragrant beauty of the flowers can gladden our hearts.  Whatever our personal tragedies, however searing our pain, it is a fact that that which we call 'Good' will always balance out that which we call 'Evil' - though it seldom seems that way, except in hindsight.

If we are willing to endure, and to continue to grow, then our spirits will eventually, like the roses, bloom with beauty and fragrance, bringing refreshment and healing to those travelling the remote and arid places of the soul.

[28 September 2004]:  FYI -- this "Seasons" link changes 8 times a year -- usually only a few days before the approaching season.  Thus, you may find that it's still about the September equinox until just before Samhain/Halloween.  Keep checking back -- Margaret's essays are always worth waiting for. http://www.users.on.net/~arachne/Wheel.html[Added 28 September 2004]:  This is Margaret RainbowWeb's handsomely illustrated "Wheel of the Year" page for those living in the Southern Hemisphere (FYI: the Celtic-style "wheel" is available for sale). http://www.zyalia.com/samhain.html:  [Updated 9/28/04 -- had been a dead link since 10/23/02.][Added an excerpt 9/28/04]:  This brief, sensitive essay is by "Zyalia, the crone" -- it focuses more closely on the loneliness, death and chaos of this Samhain season -- but also on hope:...The time between Samhain and Yule is the time of the Crone, the Dagda, Calleach, Morrigu, powerful, dark and wise... imposing and compelling at once. The cycle remains faithful to nature's laws: to all that lives, comes death. While some threads are long seeming and others cut short, in the end, we all enter the eternal cauldron.  Just when the dark seems all powerful, the Goddess begins life anew at Yule, with the rebirth of our fledgling Sun, God of light and warmth....

 Myth*ing Links' Okana/Zaduszki Rescued Page:  [Created 30 October 2010 since it's vanished even from Web Archive] 

http://web.archive.org/web/20050303213323/www.witchvox.com/lx/dt_lx.html?a=usny&id=13840:[Update:10/29/09] 

http://www.witchvox.com/va/dt_va.html?a=usny&c=words&id=4842 

http://www.okana.org/zaduszki.html: [Link updated 10/23/02 & 10/27/07]From Okana of Okana's Web in Canada comes this thoughtful, content-rich essay on Poland's "Zaduszki: The Day of the Dead." There is much here that resonates with other European Earth-based traditions -- and much that is different (e.g., this season does not mark the beginning of the New Year as it does in so many other traditions -- instead, the New Year begins with Yule).  I especially enjoyed what Okana wrote on beggars, animal-friends, beeswax, and dreams.  [Added 10/30/10]: Here, for example, is her insightful passage on beggars:Beggars, in old society, played an important part in the faith-life of the community. Most often, people were beggars not because they didn't feel like working or settling down, but because they were.... special, touched lightly by the hand of the divine. It was said that they, more than most, talked to the spirits, and connected with the souls. It is my opinion, shared by few, that this tradition arose around those individuals who were the nomad types, the (for want of a better term here) saintly folk, and around those as well that were "different". Not necessarily different in their appearance, which by virtue of being alone and without a home was naturally disheveled, but different in the sense of being less worldly, less preoccupied with the material plane, those for whom talking to the Mother was an accepted everyday occurrence, those who heard voices and saw spirits. Shamanic? Perhaps.Further, I was intrigued to learn that what we call "Indian Summer" (my favorite season) is called Babie lato, "Crone's Summer," in Poland:... that short period of warmer weather after the first killing frost, has long since departed. Bright scarlet and orange speckles the trees, where even the slightest whisper of a breeze now sends them into flight....Okana's writing is both strong and lyrical and her essay is well worth reading.

 

Baba Yaga, Russia's powerful Crone-Goddess, flying through the autumn skies 

(Russian lacquer box courtesy of the now-defunct Sunbirds -- 

also see my Baba Yaga page)

 http://web.archive.org/web/20070806213926/web.utah.edu/planetarium/CQHalloween.html: [Updated 10/30/08]

[Added 10/11/00]: "The Origin of Halloween Comes Out of the Sky" by Von Del Chamberlain, whose essays also appear frequently among my seasonal pages, takes a look at the astronomical origins of Halloween:...So, let's focus on the cross-quarter date that we are approaching right now, the one between autumnal equinox and winter solstice. The Celts called it Samhain (pronounced sah-win), "summer's end." As the beginning of the cold part of the year, they thought of this as a dangerous time, a seam in the annual cycle when stitches might snap, ripping the fabric of reality to let in elements of chaos. This was the Celtic new-years eve, celebrated on the last day of October. They brought their cattle out of pastures into shelter, then celebrated with a great fire festival to encourage the dimming Sun not to vanish...

...At the root of all of this is the fact that Earth, gliding in its orbit, had reached the place where we notice the diminishing energy from the Sun onto our part of the world. Thus, the origin of this cross-quarter celebration comes down from the sky....

Along the way you'll encounter much history and lore, including jack-o-lanterns originally made from turnips.

 

Winter Came Early This Year 

(Painting © Susanne Iles at DracoBlu -- used with her kind permission, 

although as of 10/30/10 this painting is no longer shown on her site)

 http://www.schooloftheseasons.com/hallowmas.html: [URL updated 10/23/02]

[Added 10/16/99]: This is Waverly Fitzgerald's informative essay on Halloween and cross-cultural Days of the Dead.  She includes history, lore, several wonderful rituals, divination, and much more.  A list of her references is provided at the end -- a much appreciated scholarly touch.

She's one of my favorites and I have many links to her work in my seasonal pages.  I love her eye for lore and strange pieces of data -- for example:

...There are some obvious reasons why this place on the Wheel of the Year is associated with death. The sun is approaching its nadir, the leaves are falling from trees, the death and decay in the natural world remind us of our own mortality. Martinmas, November 11th, was the traditional time for slaughtering the cattle, sheep and pigs which could not be maintained during the winter. The Welsh called November the month of Slaughter while the Saxons called it the Month of Blood....Waverly then skillfully balances the death and blood with a delicious sense of life, the other face of death.  As the ancients understood so well, each is the source of the other, which is the gentle focus of a ritual she offers from Starhawk.  There are rich nuances here, and depth, and wonder.http://www.gardenofwords.com/craft/samhain.html: [Updated 13 October 2004][Annotation updated 13 October 2004]:  This is Frances Donovan's illustrated essay, "Samhain, the Pagan New Year" (as the always reliable, former pagan/wiccan guide at about.com, her pages appear often on my website -- see above for her Samhain guided meditation).  Her site is, as usual, lively, intelligent, insightful.  Here's an excerpt from her conclusion:...At Samhain the God is journeying into the underworld (remember Persephone and Demeter?), a journey that ends when he is reborn at Yule, the Winter Solstice. The Goddess is in her in her crone phase at this time of year, which explains all the images of the "old hag" witch.

In years past, I've celebrated Samhain publicly, privately, with a coven, and as a solitary. There is no wrong way to celebrate this holiday -- except perhaps to let it go by without thinking of it at all.

 http://www.godweb.org/halloween.htm: [New link found 9 September 2006 with the help of the current About.com "Christianity" guide, Mary Fairchild, who put me in touch with Rev. Henderson] 

 http://christianity.about.com/library/weekly/blhalloweenc.htm:  [Added 10/24/02; dead link by c. 2005]Following up on the preceding link, this is an interesting and intelligent debate between Presbyterian minister, Charles P. Henderson, and pagan, Kirsten Power, on the meanings of Halloween. It began with Henderson's essay, "Halloween: Holiday in Need of Renovation." Here are a few excerpts:... We have lost the deeper meaning of this season! Halloween is neither childish, nor frivolous.... Halloween, in many countries, and in much of the church, has always involved good works, providing food for the poor was part of the earliest tradition. In Europe, special Halloween cakes, made of breaded dough, called "Soul food" were given to the children of the city, particularly the poor children. It was a feed the hungry program with a lot of extra fun and excitement thrown in. Collecting for UNICEF or what have you is right in line with the oldest traditions of Halloween....

...There is a need to honor those who have gone before us. In fact, anthropologists tell us that one of the very first things that distinguishes human life is this propensity for remembering the dead. At the most basic level of all, caring for the bones of the dead. Perhaps not so weird when you think about it. For the people who cared for their dead were equally concerned about the living, and the yet unborn. What shall be the fate of the next generation? How will the decisions we make now effect those who come after us? These are questions well worth pondering on Halloween, or any other night. And if this rather frivolous, and sometimes destructive holiday can become the occasion for pondering such question as these, then Halloween will have endured exactly the "house-cleaning" that it needs. And all of us will be the better for it.

In response, reacting to what she saw as inaccuracies in what Henderson had written about pagan celebrations of Samhain, Kirsten Power wrote "Misconceptions about Halloween" and Henderson, respecting her viewpoints, published it on his page (there is a link to it at the end of his own essay). I like much of her essay but I think she misunderstood Henderson's intent -- far from criticizing pagan beliefs, he was actually looking at more recent "mainstream" excesses connected with Halloween (e.g., frivolous vandalism) and re-framing contemporary, non-pagan attitudes along more positive lines. Nevertheless, Power's essay brings in some new themes and experiences that I found worthwhile. Here are a few excerpts:...Samhain is an intensely personal and introspective holiday.  For me, it symbolizes fortuity, an opportunity to give glory to those people close to me who have died in the last year or before.  I speak directly to those people I love. I tell them how much I miss them, how much I will miss them and how much they brought to my life. Then I breathe, focus and let them go. Laurie Cabot says, "Samhain is a time for change and a time to look to the future."(p.13) It should be heartening, not frightening to see that people are using this time of year to let go and go on with life.  I think that the phrase, "let be and let live" would be appropriate here....

...The ancient Celts were merely following their religious beliefs and dressing as the god or elemental spirit they felt was most appropriate to the ceremony.  It is the Catholic church that supports alms and donations to their churches.  That is to say, personally I have never entered a pagan gathering, feast or church and found myself standing in front of an offering box....

...I separate Halloween from Samhain.  I loved Halloween when I was a child.  I still do.  But this commercialized attempt at mass marketing is not Samhain and never was.  The pagan celebration I attend each year and the offering I make on my altar are completely separate....

 

Baba Yaga sweeping the autumn clouds & winds 

as she rides in her own "spaceship": a mortar & pestle 

(Russian lacquer box courtesy of the now-defunct Sunbirds -- 

also see my Baba Yaga page)

 http://web.archive.org/web/20080206002258rn_1/www.wgbh.org/pages/pri/spirit/shows/039links.html: 

[Link updated 9/30/04; moved to Web Archive 10/29/09][Added 10/16/99 and updated 9/30/04]: Program 343: Week of October 25, 1998:  Ghosts:  this page on GHOSTS comes from "Sound and Spirit," a weekly series of radio programs exploring the human spirit through ideas and music.  Hosted by Ellen Kushner, it's produced by WGBH Radio Boston for PRI, Public Radio International.  Each program is carefully researched, in part by using data from appropriate websites.  Afterwards, these web sources are put on line for the general public.

The above link contains the websites used for GHOSTS.  They include Halloween, Mexico's Day of the Dead, and Japan's Bon Festival.  In the Halloween material, they attempt an interesting balance -- there's a Ben & Jerry's Halloween Page, several good pagan sites, academic ones, and also Pat Robertson's 700 Club's views on Halloween (the spookiness here isn't only in the subject matter).

[FYI -- if you click HERE and scroll down past many fascinating offerings to "Ghosts," you'll be able to listen to the entire program; you'll also find links to a Halloween  bibliography, great recipes, etc -- transcripts are no longer available online but can be ordered.] http://ancienthistory.about.com/homework/ancienthistory/library/weekly/aa092998.htm: [Link updated 10/10/00][Site added 10/16/99]: From about.com's resourceful Ancient/Classical History guide, N. S. Gill, comes this fascinating page on "Ghost Stories" -- but with a difference -- her ghost stories come from ancient literature: the Epic of Gilgamesh, and excerpts from Homer, Vergil, Ovid, and Pliny; she also looks at Rome's ghostly Lares. http://paranormal.about.com/library/blstories06.htm: [Updated 10/27/07][Added 10/23/02]:This is a site with fine links (briefly annotated) to a very large collection of ghost stories, ghost-hunting, & ghost towns.  It's a good place to browse.

 http://goeasteurope.about.com/od/romania/Romania_Travel.htm: 

[Updated 10/27/07 -- my Links Elf tells me this is a better link, even though Bill Biega is no longer mentioned][Added 10/29/00]:This is "Dracula -- the Real Story" from Bill Biega, the Eastern Europe guide at about.com. The illustrated site also provides links to maps, related sites, and even Bram Stoker's complete text. Here is how it opens:Dracula is a fictional character created in 1897 by the British writer Bram Stoker. His book gave great popularity to the idea of blood drinking vampires. However, the principal character is based on an actual historical figure, a Romanian prince who lived in the second half of the 15th century -- 50 years before Columbus discovered the New World....

[Added 25 September, 2006]: Here's a rough copy of the original text, but not all its links work:http://web.archive.org/web/20001215183200/http://goeasteurope.about.com/travel/goeasteurope/library/weekly/aa101900.htm 

Here's a page, the Real Dracula, from a new about.com guide, Kerry Kubilius (unfortunately, I can't explore it because about.com links have started crashing my Netscape browser). The full text of Bram Stoker’s Dracula can be found here: http://www.literature.org/authors/stoker-bram/dracula/. Also see my Myth*ing Link's Romania page. http://paranormal.about.com/science/paranormal/library/weekly/aa102300a.htm[Added 10/29/00]: This page on "Halloween Monsters" is from Stephen Wagner, the Paranormal Phenomena guide at about.com.  He looks at vampires (see link directly above), Frankenstein, werewolves, mummies, and more.  Many great links to related topics. http://www.halloweenstudiotour.com[Added 10/30/09]: Recommended a few weeks ago by one of my writer-friends, Marlene, this is the Halloween Studio Tour's "Trick or Treat" page. As Marlene wrote me earlier this month:I thought you might get a kick out of this website, if your ISP allows you to visit it -- she's amassed quite a bit of information about Halloween traditions as well as set up a display of Halloween bears by some really wonderful bear artists.My ISP is fine, although I use a dial-up modem so everything is very slow!  My computer, however, usually balks at anything too high tech.  To my surprise, it had no problems with this one and I found the site really quite delightful. It's an engaging series of pages from American as well as international artists who specialize in Halloween themes. The site's "treasure map" features special effects and many animated "critters" (like the cool walking pumpkin below).  I explored at random and found an office lunchroom's party page with a spider theme and plates full of truly yukky/yummy treats (including brazil nuts cleverly hand-carved into little skulls)! It's here, if you want a sneak peek (I think I found it by clicking on the map's lower skull candleholder):http://pages.total.net/~weric/trick_or_treat/party.htm

Here is what the "hostess-artist" writes in her promo:

Have fun, be sure to finish the whole tour by visiting all the amazing participating artists, get clues for the "creaking door prize" and see lots of Hallowe'en ideas! It's all to help "Bat Conservation International", and I hope you'll consider donating to this worthy cause!I echo the "Have fun" part -- and support the bats as well! [Animation from this site]

..http://www.worldwidewords.org/weirdwords/index.htm: 

And:http://www.worldwidewords.org/topicalwords/index.htm: 

[10/27/07: Unfortunately, Quinion has changed his site from: http://www.quinion.com/words/articles/bump.htm:to something too high tech for me to access.  I do hate it when people do this!  My Links-Elf, however, tells me that the above 2 new links work and cover what the old one once did. I'm keeping my original annotation since I can't visit these pages myself]:

[Pre-2007 annotation]: This is "GHOULIES AND GHOSTIES: Things that go bump in the night," a funny and wonderfully erudite essay by England's Michael B. Quinion (who contributes frequently to such publications as the Oxford English Dictionary and various Cassell's dictionaries).  He looks at Halloween in England, tracing its name, and then exploring the etymologies of many "ghostly" terms: e.g., goblins, vampires, ghouls, zombie, wicca, and wizard.  His overall website is called "World Wide Words: Exploring the English Language" -- here's a link to his index of articles:http://www.quinion.com/words/articles/index.htm 

-- and if you love to browse through etymologies on brisk autumn nights, here is his general index of words: http://www.quinion.com/words/genindex.htm[10/30/08: dead link -- try this one instead]:http://www.quinion.com/ http://web.archive.org/web/20070916000225/http://www.darklinks.com/dhauntworld.html [Now available only on Web Archive  -- link updated 10/30/10][Added 10/29/00]: This is a page of many unannotated links to international Halloween customs.  The page begins with links for the Day of the Dead (many in Spanish -- also see my own page, below)and then continues with international Halloween sites, including those in French, German, and Norwegian.  The parent page is "Haunted Houses and Halloween" -- if you click on the link at the bottom of the site's page, you'll find a ton of topics and more Halloween links. http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/pumpkins/history.html[Added 10/10/00]: From the University of Illinois Extension comes this tiny, but charming, page on the history of pumpkins -- the word, the pie, and the associations. http://www.pumpkinnook.com/[Added 10/23/02]: Finally, this is "Pumpkin Nook: The Internet Shrine and Library for Pumpkins" -- a funny, terrific site on everything you ever wanted to know about pumpkins, including Current News, Shopping, How to Grow (links include how to get organic seeds), Giant Pumpkins, Community, Fun and Games, Facts/Education, Cookbook, Halloween, Thanksgiving, Kid Stuff, & a search engine.  On a personal note, I've long been trying to find a recipe for the delicious pumpkin soup my grandmother used to make -- I found two recipes here that I can play with: by subtracting the broth & some of the veggies, I think I can probably come up with something closer than I've ever found before.  So I love this site <smile>.FYI: on my Current Autumn Greetings& Lore Page are more pumpkin links.

 

A pumpkin with a shimmering aura 

Used by permission of Salem Tarot Page

 

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SAMHAIN BOOKS 

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...Shadows on Samhain is a first novel by my witty, smart friend and former graduate student, Dr. Druscilla French. She intends it to be the first in a series of eight "Wheel of the Year" novels involving characters from the same large, contemporary, extended Colorado family, all of whom still retain fascinating vestiges of the abilities, gifts, strengths, quirks, and "magic" they've somehow carried over from earlier incarnations on Mount Olympus. This makes for some amusing "inside jokes" along with necessary name-changes -- e.g., Artemis is still Artemis but her brother Apollo is now Atticus (or Uncle At); Hecate is now the powerful, sensible, wonderfully earthy Cate; Medusa, once headless, is now Mattie, rather disoriented in her personal life, but a brilliant attorney when she pulls herself together and fights for the wronged; her winged horse-son Pegasus is now a galloping, hyperactive teenaged boy named PZ; Chrysaor, the original human-brother of Pegasus, is now Chrys, PZ's charming, savvy twin sister.

You don't have to be interested in Greek mythology, however, to appreciate this fine novel.  Most of the book is a real page-turner (the only exceptions being portions of Cate's Samhain party in chapters 9 and 11 in which some untidy "plot-holes" appear concerning the troubling absence of a young waitress, gentle Flora -- but if that's a first novel's only real problem, you definitely have a winner!).

French creates strong, likaeble characters, especially her women. The ritual Samhain elements are creative and evocative -- really well done and clearly emerging out of the author's own decades of ritual experience. Her descriptions of Colorado nature and wildlife in the Rockies are exquisite, seemingly effortless, like Japanese sumi-e paintings. Towards the end, there are scenes of great beauty that are also simultaneously laugh-out-loud hilarious.  She has perfect pitch with her Olympians but, still more impressively, she also has it when it comes to capturing the cramped inner world of fundamentalist militia members, whose vengeful anger threatens the world of Cate and her extended family.

The novel has underlying threads of deep kindness and balance, even when it comes to French's treatment of the fundamentalists, whose lives, sometimes chillingly ruthless, but also unexpectedly poignant, come across vividly. Above all, Cate and her family are real people with real weaknesses as well as strengths. They are exuberantly earthy, sensual, caring, and, like the best of deities (former or otherwise), still totally committed to values that serve humanity as well as the natural world around us. I greatly look forward to the next novel, which will be set at the next Celtic Sabbat on the Year's great Wheel: Winter Solstice.

 

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<< My Closing Note >> 

HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH As this page has shown, traditions of a Day of the Dead stretch across Europe (and into most areas colonized by Europeans in both hemispheres).  Since this page is specifically linked to one of eight sacred Sabbats found among pagan Europeans, I have focused on their own death traditions. However, another very ancient Day of the Dead is also known in the NewWorld, especially in Mexico.  It pre-dates the arrival of the Spanish, although Christian customs would later merge with pre-Columbian. It should be noted that despite all the skulls and skeletons associated with this day in Mexico, there is nothing macabre or morbid about El Dia de los Muertos -- it is a time of great festivity.  For more, here is a special page I have created for this day:

 el dia de los muertos

And finally, on November 2nd, there is "All Soul's Day and the Wild Horde" from Waverly Fitzgerald -- a fine essay on the "Wild Hordes" of Odin and Herne [also see my Nordic/Teutonic page].   Here's the link:  http://www.schooloftheseasons.com/allsouls.html

 

Other Related Mything Links Pages:To Autumn Equinox Greetings & Lore

To Winter Greetings & Lore

To Eastern & Western Europe: Nature-Based Ways

To the Wheel of the Year 

Note: if you're wondering what people in the Southern Hemisphere do at this time of the year, a number of links to Australia will tell you.

To Common Themes: DEVIC WEATHER-WORKING: Introduction 

(An experimental on-going ritual in cyberspace)

 

 

 

© 1999-2010 Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D. 

All rights reserved. 

 

 

brought to you by Airwolf-2011

 

Intermediate Witch Class~Week #1

FYI~IF YOU ARE NOT REGISTERED IN THIS CLASS DO NOT POST HERE!

 )O(~~~INTERMEDIATE WITCH CLASS WEEK I TEST~~~)O(

 

FYI:

Ann's Books can be longwise and redundant at times but it is best to read, highlight, then para-phrase the content into your answer. As long as you hit “key points” if will be correct. I look for all key points to an answer and will be graded as such. Please review feedback for future reference.

 

 

(1)-Q:

According to Ann Moura what is Green Witchcraft?

A:

 

(2)-Q:

How long ago was the Green Practice as a Folk Art introduced and what tradition?

A:

 

(3)-Q:

Why is Green practices personal magick?

A:

 

 

(4)-Q:

List the five rules of conduct?

A:

 

(5)-Q:

Why is it important to release ones fears before working with the Dark Power?

A:

 

 

(6)-Q:

Name the three basic approaches to the Green Craft?

A:

 

 

 

(7)-Q:

How does the Green level of Witchcraft differ from other practices that associate light or dark like in white, gray or dark magick and when did this concept evolve?

A:

 

(8)-Q:

Do rituals of the Green witchcraft have to be planed and formal and what do we use for our rituals?

A:

 

(9)-Q:

Name the 9 basic movements of casting a circle?

A:

 

8-Quarter candles are extinguished one by one in counter clockwise.

9 Circle is opened.

 

(10)-Q:

Describe what you need to do to prepare your tools before spell working and why?

A:

 

 

(11)-Q:

Is timing and keeping the circles energy flowing important and why?

A:

 

(12)-Q:

How can one keep the energies and the energy alive and healthy during a ritual?

A:

 

 

(13)-Q:

What is a spell?

A:

 

(14)-Q:

Why do we use spells?

A:

 

(15)-Q:

What are the benefits of spellcasting?

A:

 

(16)-Q:

How do spells work?

A:

 

 

(17)-Q:

What is the purpose of a spell and name the five basic steps?

A:

 

(18)-Q:

When do we not cast a spell and why?

A:

 

 

(19)-Q:

What is the definition of alchemy provided in this book?

A:

 

 

(20)-Q:

What is the Grimoire?

A:

 

 

(21)-Q:

What is the Egyptian equivalent of their Grimoire called?

A:

 

(22)-Q:

What are the “cured tablets, “ by whom were they frequently used and from what era?

A:

 

(23)-Q:

In Northern Europe, what was the Galdr magic based on?

A:

 

(24)-Q:

How did the Celts hold magic?

A:

 

(25)-Q:

What is the “Order of the Golden Dawn,” who created it and in what era?

A:

 

(26)-Q:

How does Hoodoo differ from Voudoun?

A:

 

(27)-Q:

Is most of today's modern practices of crafting the same as the old way's and why?

A:

 

(Bonus Question-3 pts)

What is a "Ghost Stone"  when and why do we use one?

Copyright ©042513

Legion of Pagans Spiritual Ministry

Institution of Magick

Elder Airwolf~Founder/Owner

 

Stone Worship~All Souls Night

STONE-WORSHIP.

IN many lands shapeless stones have been adored. Among several ancient nations the idea of Divinity was symbolized by a rough stone. That aërolites should be revered is not surprising, since they, as the idol stone of Ephesus, came down from heaven. A single pillar stone might well, in rude times, typify generative force. Jupiter, Apollo, Venus, Mercury, and Diana Patroa were adored as stone columns. A circle of upright stones has been reverenced from the Pacific, across the Old World, to the Atlantic.

Ireland was no exception to this lithic faith.

It has been customary to call circles, cromlechs, Logan stones, pillar stones, serpentine and alignment stones, by the appellation of Druidical. As these, however, are found in Japan, China, India, Persia, Arabia, Palestine, Barbary, every country of Europe, North and South America, as well as in the Pacific Isles, it would imply certainly a very wide range of Druids. No one could deny that in some parts, as Brittany and the British Isles, so-called Druids probably used such stones, as being already objects of reverence, without crediting them either as their builders, or as the originators of Stone-Worship.

Because of the superstition attached to such megalithic objects, Mahometan and Christian priests have alike sought their destruction. But Ireland and the islands adjacent exhibit many remains of so-called Druidical monuments. Some of these' may be mentioned.

SINGLE STONES. Finn's finger-stone, Clonduff of Down, thrown by Finn McCoul; Deer-stone, of Glendalough; Kiltulten of Kildare; Clogh-griane, or Sun-stone; Kileena of Antrim; Ardfert of Kerry; and several on Innis Murray. Some old crosses have been rudely carved out of Bethels.

CIRCLES have suffered more destruction in Ireland than in Great Britain. One at Ballynahatna, near Dundalk, has quite a Stonehenge character. In 1810 the Rostrevor circle was 120 ft. in diameter. That at Mount Druid, Dalkey, was 150 ft. Killballyowen of Limerick has three circles. Carrowmore of Sligo is half a mile across, and one near Belfast must have been once nearly as large. Brefin of Cavan was a celebrated one two centuries back. Then there are circles at Deuman of Neath, Templebrian of Cork, Ballrichan of Louth, Innisoen of Donegal, Rath Hugh, Carrick-a-Dhirra of Waterford, and several in Louth. Cobhail was a stone enclosure; as were the Duns and Casiols, that were often converted into oratories. Ossian repeatedly mentions the Circle of Loda.

LOGAN STONES are the Rocking ones, and were held Divining stones. At Magee, south of Antrim, the weight of one is twelve tons. This is thought to be Ossian's Rocking stone of Cromla. His Stone of Power heard his hero's voice. In the Pass of Dunloe, Kerry, is one 24 ft. round That of Carrig a-Choppian is near Macroon, and Sligo has one at Ballina.

The DOLMEN or CROMLECH is known in Ireland generally as the burying-place of a giant or hero, if not the bed of a Saint. Whether earth-fast or not, it had a leaning cap-stone, resting on two or more upright stones, which sometimes formed a sort of passage. The House of flag stones was known as the Fos-leac. As Leaba-na-b-fian, was the grave of heroes; as Leaba-na-Fearmore, the grave giants. An enormous one exists at Calry, Sligo Co. One bed, at Mayo, is 15 ft. long; another is called Edward a Grace's bed; a third is named after the hero Diarmuid who ran off with the fair Graine. A Leaba-Diarmuid remains near Cleggan Bay, Galway. A Grannie's bed is at Glanworth of Cork. A warrior's rest lies at Hyde, Cork Co.

The capstones of some were as large as 24 ft. in length. One near Mount Brown weighed 110 tons. There are Cromlechs at Finvoy of Antrim, Dundonald of Down, Ballymascandlan of Dundalk, Rathkenny of Meath, Mount Venus of Dublin Co., Castlederg of Tyrone, Fairy Mount and others of Louth, Kinvyle of Galway, Leaba-na-bhfian, or Kissing-stone of Sligo, Loughrey of Tyrone, Sleigh-Grian of Kilkenny, Kilternan of Dublin Co., Castlehyde of Cork Co., Ballintoy of Antrim, Sliabbcroabb and Drumgoolan of Down, Garry Duff of Kilkenny, Sugarloaf of Waterford, Burran and others of Clare, with those of Innishshark, Killeena, Fintona, Mullimast, Kilternail, Lennan, Knockeen, Dunmore, Lough Gur Isle, Headfort, Ballylowra, Gaulstown, Ballynageeragh, Killala, Castle Wellan, Mount Vernes, Brown, Rathkelly, Moytara, Carlow, Carrig-na-Crioth at Drumgoolan, &c.

While the cromlech of Howth, Dublin Bay, said to be the tomb of Oscar, son of Ossian, is the more romantic object, that of New Grange, by Drogheda, is the more wonderful. Formerly covered with earth, its interior was first made known in 1699. Standing on two acres of land, it rises 67 ft. At the base the diameter is 319 ft.; at the top, 118 ft. There is a gallery of stones 62 ft. in length, with a number of chambers, one of which is 20 ft. in height.

Inscribed stones are not so common as in Wales and Scotland. But the symbols of discs, double discs, circles, concentric circles, bow and sceptre, volutes, wheels, spirals, zigzags, ogham writing, pentagons, triangles, spectacle-ornament, sceptres, serpents, horseshoes, mirrors and combs, fishes, boars, elephants, horses, bulls, camels, crosses, grooves, cups, &c., are not unknown in Erin. There are figures with kilts, and. others with crowns. Some slabs, as at Lough Crew, are seen covered with various inscriptions. New Grange has a number of them; like as in Scotland, France, India, the north of England, &c.

What meaning has been given to these monuments?

In this scientific age, circles, &c., are simply called "the external adjuncts of Bronze-age burials." In the East they have been treated as Bactyles, or Bethels, to be duly anointed with oil or milk, and adored; they are sometimes smeared over with the blood of sacrifices.

The Cabir doctrine came conveniently for others in explanation. The Cabirs were assuredly worshipped in caves Some Welsh writers early claimed this theory to account for their Druids These latter were said to be of Cabiric association As Samothrace was the head-quarters of the Cabiri, which may have been of Phœnician origin and as the Phœnicians visited the British Isles, it was concluded that Druidism was the same religion, especially as associated with fire and stones.

Anyhow, the stones were a puzzle. John Aubrey, just two centuries ago, introduced the Druidical theory, which was at once seized upon by Welsh, Scotch, English, and Irish scholars, as an easy solution. Still, as Professor P. Smith reminds us well, they were about as mysterious to the Greeks and Romans as to ourselves. And De Courson asked--"But were these grand sanctuaries of stone specially affected to the Druidic worship? Temples, altars, perfectly similar, exist, in fact, in all parts of th earth."

"If they are Druidical," says Picard, "the Romans would not have omitted to explain to us the nature of the place appointed for worship, for the Druids were their contemporaries." On the other hand, Morien, the modern Druid, declares these "temples were their Holy of Holies."

Morien's Master, the late Archdruid Myfyr, speaking of the greatest of British temples, remarked--"Its antiquity is so great as to reach behind the age of the circular temples themselves, inasmuch as it was in order to correspond with the different Bardic points that the stones were so arranged in those ancient temples."

Madame Blavatski gave the Theosophist's notion in these terms--"The Druidical circles, the Dolmens, the temples of India, Egypt, and Greece, the Towers, and the one hundred and twenty-seven towns of Europe which were found Cyclopean in origin by the French Institute, are all the work of initiated priest-architects, the descendants of those primarily taught by the 'Sons of God,' justly called 'The Builders." Naturally, she sought a source anterior to the age of Druids. She ascended to the ancient Aryan Masters in Thibet. But Colonel Forbes Leslie advances further, saying--"It will not be disputed that the primitive Cyclopean monuments of the Dekhan were created prior to the arrival of the present dominant race--the Hindoos." Professor Benfey, too, called them pre-Aryan; therefore over four thousand years in age, at least.

A letter of 1692, subsequently sent to the Society of Antiquaries, had these words--"Albeit from the general tradition that these monuments were places of pagan worship, and from the historical knowledge we have that the superstition of the Druids did take place in Britain, we may rationally conclude that these monuments have been temples of the Druids, yet I have found nothing hitherto, either in the names of these monuments, or the tradition that goes about them, which doth particularly relate to the Druids, or points them out."

This led Dr. Joseph Anderson, in his Scotland in Pagan Times, to observe--"It is clear from this lucid statement that, in the end of the seventeenth century, there was no tradition among the people connecting these monuments with the Druids. They were simply regarded as places of pagan worship."

Most persons may agree with Rivett-Carnac--"It seems hardly improbable that the ruins in Europe are the remains of that primitive form of worship which is known to have extended at one time over a great portion of the globe"

Not a few have detected in these monuments remnants the old Phallic worship,--some illustrating the male principle and others symbolizing the female, Dudley's Symbolism detects the worship of the former in the circle, and the female in the quadrangular. Others would see the feminine in the circular, and the masculine in the standing stone

Astronomy, some think, furnishes a solution. The circle of 12 stones, or any multiple of 12, might represent constellations, as 19 would suit a lunar period.. Dr Kenealy, a proficient in mystic studies, wrote--"Druidical temples called Ana-mor were composed of stones, denoting the numbers of the old constellation with a Kebla of 9 stones near the circumference, on inside, to represent the sun in its progress through Signs."

We may accept the dictum of Dr Clark, that the stone circles were the temples of the British Isles; that do to the Reformation the general name in Gaelic for church was Teampull, and is still applied to the old Culdee churches of the Outer Hebrides. Forlong says, "In such monuments as these you see the very earliest idea of temple" The columns took the place of tree-stems, an later on, became circular or solar forms.

St Martin of Tours mentions "a turreted fabric highly-polished stones, out of which rose a lofty Cone. This had relation to Phallic superstition The worship stones was expressly forbidden by the Council of Nantes in the seventh century, and as late as 1672, by an ecclesiastical ordinance, ordering the destruction of circles. Welshmen were shown the impotence of these objects, by the power of St. David splitting the capstone of Maen Ketti, in Gower.

The Irish, like their neighbours, venerated their lithic temples. They not only anointed them, as may be still seen done to the sacred cone in India, but, down to a late period, they poured water on their sacred surface that the draught might cure their diseases. Molly Grime, a rude stone figure, kept in Glentham church, was annually washed with water from Newell well; so was the wooden image of St. Fumac washed in water from a holy well near Keith. Babies were sprinkled at cairns in Western or South Scotland down to the seventeenth century. Some stones were kissed by the faithful, like the Druid's Stone in front of Chartres Cathedral, once carefully kept in the crypt.

The Cloch-Lobhirais, of Waterford, had a great reputation for deciding difficult cases. But this virtue was lost under circumstances thus narrated--"But the Good Stone, which appears to have been a remnant of the golden age, was finally so horrified at the ingenuity of a wicked woman in defending her character, that it trembled with horror and split in twain." It seems to have been as sensible and sensitive as were those Pillar-stones near Cork, which, as devoutly attested, being carried off to serve some vulgar building purposes, took the opportunity of nightly shades to retreat to their old quarters. At last, in vexation, the builder shot them into the water. After waiting the departure of their sacrilegious captors, they mysteriously glided back to their former standing-place.

These were not the only Holy stones endowed with sense and motion. At the command of a Saint, they have safely borne over bays and streams one standing upon them, The stone at the grave of St. Declan was seen to float over the sea with his bell, his vestments, and his candle. St. Senan, sitting on a stone, was carefully lifted with it by angels to the top of a hill.

St. Patrick is connected with the cromlech of Fintona, the so-called Giant's Grave. To rebuke one sceptical at to the Resurrection, he is said to have struck the gravel with his Staff of Jesus, when the giant rose from the dead thankful for a temporary respite from the pains of hell. After learning he had been swineherd to King Laogaire, the Saint recommended him to be baptized. To this rite he submitted. He then lay down in his grave in peace secure against further torment.

Stories of giants were common of old. Jocelin speaks of Fionn Mac Con as one of them, and Ossian's heroes were often gigantic. Boetius records Fionn as being fifteen cubits high. But St. Patrick's giant was represented by one bard as one hundred and twenty feet in length. The twelve stones of Usnech were said to have been cursed by the Saint, so that they could not be built into any structure.

In the cromlech on the Walsh Hills, Fin-mac-coil was said to have kept his celebrated hounds. A cromlech was a Bethel, or house of God. St. Declan's Stone, Waterford, had a hole through which people crawled for the cure of maladies. The Pillar Stone of Fir Breige had the gift of prophecy, and was duly consulted by those who had lost their cattle. One Pillar Stone, much frequent in pagan times, split with a great crash after a discourse on the better faith, when out leaped a cat--doubtless a black one.

The Rock of Cashel--for ages a consecrated place--once known as St. Patrick's Stone. Cashel was said to have been the place where angels were waiting for the Saint's arrival in Erin. The tooth of the Saint was a venerated piece of sandstone, which somewhat resembled a tooth in shape; possibly as much as Guatama's footstep on Adam's Peak in Ceylon.

St. Columba, likewise, among the Hebrides, had a reputation for stones. There is his Red Stone, his Blue Egg Stone in Skye, his Blue Stone of Glen Columkillo, his stony beds of penitence, his Lingam Stones, which worked miracles. He was born on a stone, he was sustained in famine by sucking meal from the Holy Stone of Moel-blatha.

There are Pillar Stones, indicating Phallic origin. That on Tara Hill was popularly known as Bod Thearghais, with especial reference to generative force. Several of them bore names connecting them with the Tuatha; as the Cairtedhe Catha Thuatha de Danann, their pillar stone of battle. The Ship Temple of Mayo was Leabha na Fathac, the Giant's Bed.

The Clochoer, or gold stone, at Oriel, Monaghan County, spoke like an oracle. So did the Lia Fail, the Ophite Stones of old, the anointed Betyles of Sanchoniathon. It is even reported of Eusebius, that he carried such in his bosom to get fresh oracles from them. Mousseaux calls some mad stones. Pliny notices moving stones. The old Irish had their rumbling stones. The Celtic Clacha-brath, or judgment stones, must have been gifted with sounding power. Yet La Vega has a simple way of accounting for these reverential objects, as--"the demons worked on them." One may credit priests with hypnotic power, or we may think, with a writer, that without magic there could have been no speaking stones.

Some holy stones had curious histories. The hallowed Pillow stone of St. Bute had been flung into the brain of Conchobar mac Nesse, where it stayed seven years, but fell out one Good Friday. Another stone was mentioned, in the Book of Leinster, as causing the death of an old woman, 150 years old, who, having been brought into a great plain, was so charmed with the sight, that she would never go back to her mountains, preferring death there by knocking her old head upon the stone.

Elf-shots--the stone arrow-heads of their ancestors--were long regarded with reverence. As with Western Islanders, they served as charms for the Irish--being sometimes set in silver, and worn as amulets about the neck, protecting the wearer against the spiritual discharges of elf-shots from malignant enemies. They were the arrows of fairies. They ought not to be brought into a house. In 1713 Llwyd found this superstition existing in the west.

Martin speaks of finding at Inniskea a rude-looking stone kept wrapped up in flannel, and only in the charge of an old woman, as formerly with a pagan priestess. On a stormy clay it might be brought out, with certain magical observances, in the confident expectation of bringing a ship on shore, for the benefit of the wreck-loving Islanders. The Neevougi, as the stone was called, did service in calming the sea when the men went out fishing. It was equally efficacious in sickness, when certain charms were muttered over the stone We have been privately shown, by an Australian aborigine, a similar sacred stone, a quartz crystal in that case, wrapped up in a dirty rag, protected from the eyes of women. Pococke, in 1760, saw pieces of a stone on Icolmkill used to cure a prevalent flux.

Walhouse regarded such superstitions as belonging "to the Turanian races, and as antagonistic to the Aryan genius and feeling" Gomme esteems "stone worship as opposed to the general basis of Aryan culture." The unshapely stones worshipped in India belong to non-Aryan tribes.

Authors, then, contend that this Irish form of belief came not from the Celts, though accepted by them. Rhind amusingly talks of a "non-Aryan native of Ireland, who paid unwelcome visits to this country as a Scot; that Scot by and by learned a Celtic language, and insisted on being treated as a Celt, as a Goidel." As it was the non-Aryan, or Tartar race, that introduced magic and devils into Assyria, so may the same have been here the originators of Stone-worship, and other superstitions, long before the Celts reached these Islands.

As with other peoples, the Pluto and his attendants were believed to have been no less connected with celebrated stones than were the giants themselves.

The story told by a Welsh visitor into Ireland, seven hundred years ago, preserves an Irish tradition of stones--"There was in Ireland, in ancient times, a pile of stones, worthy of admiration, called the Giants' Dance, because giants from the remotest parts of Africa brought them into Ireland; and on the plains of Kildare, not far from the Castle of the Vaase, as well by force of art as strength, miraculously set them up. Those stones, according to the British story, Aurelius Ambrosius, King of the Britons, procured Merlin, by supernatural means, to bring from Ireland into Britain."

This origin of Stonehenge was long accepted as history. If not holy stones, they were, at least, indebted for their rambling to the exercise of demoniacal or occult powers. They came not from heaven, as did those of Phrygia, Mount Ida, &c.

Various authors have contended that our ancestors in the British Isles were never so lost to common sense as to worship or reverence stones, though other peoples may have done so. O'Curry considers cromlechs "never were intended and never used as altars, or places of sacrifice of any kind; that they were not in any sense of the word Druidical." In this opinion he is opposed to Welsh, English, and Irish writers. But Arthur Clive declared--"Our Irish ancestors of Aryan race worshipped the air, stone, and fire."

Forbes Leslie conceives that many figures represented on stones "are disconnected from any Christian symbol." Certainly the Comb shape, so common upon inscribed stones, may be viewed on Indo-Scythian coins. The zigzag was a Gnostic sign. The double disc and sceptre symbol may refer to solar worship, as that of the crescent and sceptre to lunar worship.

A Buddhist origin is attributed to inscriptions by G. Moore. Dr. Longmuir considers them "the earliest, existing records of the ideas" cherished in these Islands. Leslie looks at them as associated with old Oriental divination Tate esteems them "to express some religious sentiments, or to aid in the performance of some religious rites." Not a few regard them as emblems of religious worship.

The meaning of the Cup symbol--observed on stones at Fermanagh, and in the west of Kerry--has puzzled the learned. In India it is frequently found both with and without grooves The common observance upon kistvaens and on mortuary urns, would seem to bear a religious significance. Professor T. J. Simpson imagines the emblem "connected in some way with the religious thought and doctrines of those who carved them" He saw no reason to doubt the origin of cup and ring being still earlier than even the age of the earliest Celts.

Vallencey, commenting upon the spiral marks at New Grange, fancifully says, "The three symbols (3 spirals) represent the Supreme Being or First Cause."

The most wonderful and deeply reverenced Irish stone was the Fâl, by some strangely enough identified with the Coronation Stone brought by King Edward from Scotland to Westminster Abbey. Arbois de Jubainville gives this account of it:--

Conn Cetchathach, chief King of Ireland. in the second century, accidentally put his foot on a magical stone called Fâl, which had been brought to Ireland by the Tuatha de Danann. It cried out, so that all in Tara heard it. Three Druids present were asked what the cry meant, where the stone came from, whither it would go, and who had brought it to Tara? They asked a delay of fifty-three days, when they answered all but the first question. They could only say that the stone had prophesied. The number of its cries was the number of the kings of the royal race, but the Druids could not tell their names. Lug then appears to them, takes Conn to his palace, and prophesies to him the length of his reign, and the names of his successors. A number of idle legends are attached to the Fal stone.

As late as 1649, Commissioners were appointed by the Scottish General Assembly to dispel the popular superstitions respecting sacred stones. In Ireland the superstitious observances had a longer possession of people's minds.

As circles are known in Icelandic as domh-ringr, or doom rings of Judgment, it has been suggested that Stonehenge itself may have been a chief Seat of Judgment with the foreign colony, whose capital on Salisbury Plain may have been Sorbiodunum, afterwards Sarum.

Clemens Alexandrinus spoke of stones as images of God. Aurelius Antoninus brought to Rome a black stone, and paid homage to it. The Laplanders, until lately, sacrificed the reindeer to a stone. Lactantius records the worship of Terminus in the form of a stone. Damascius mentions consecrated stones in Syria. Black stones are still honoured at Mecca, Benares, and elsewhere. Herodian names one worshipped by the Phœnicians, since it fell from heaven. In a letter to Sir Joseph Banks, by our Neapolitan Minister, the antiquary Sir William Hamilton, there is an allusion to a standing stone at Isurnia, that was duly dedicated to Saints Cosmo and Domiano. Astle, F.R.S., in 1798, remarked--"The ancient practice of consecrating pagan antiquities to religious purposes has been continued to modern times."

BLYSSFUL THOR'S DAY LEGIONNAIRES & PAGANS

SAMHAIN FOR BEGINNERS


 


 

Pagan: Samhain (Halloween) can be celebrated by pagans anywhere, but we come up with Samhain ideas for rituals that can take place in the urban jungle, not the lovely old forest one would prefer...

There is a very strong school of thought that affirms that a witch's place is in the country. Far be it for me to say that one with a strong connection to the Earth in all Her power would deny the inherent value and joy of one's bare feet in the dirt and arms firmly hugging the nearest rowan tree. But the reality is today's witch is more likely to be bedding down in a tiny midtown walkup than the traditional, cozy forest-bound cottage.

Book after book on Paganism, Wicca/Witchcraft, and other nature-based religions would almost have it seem that one is not truly even a viable Witch unless she can surround herself with the trappings of the so-called natural world. This, I would humbly put forth, is bollocks.

There is as much spirit and power in the thrum and pulse of a city street (or suburban cul de sac) as a country lane; as much strength and wisdom in a multi-story building as the tallest sycamore. These places created by man have been embued with the energy of all the people, events, emotions, and history occuring within, and without, their walls. The wonderful Christopher Penczak outlines many of these principles in City Magick: Urban Rituals, Spells and Shamanism , a fantastic book that changed my outlook entirely.

The problem for urban witches remains: how does one celebrate the most important and sacred holiday in the Wheel of the Year for most Pagans -Samhain - without the rural environment practically required for most of its most treasured rituals and traditions? It's far simpler than you would think. With a small shift in thinking and some creativity, you can create a beautiful Sabbat celebration that rivals the most elaborate country festivities. I have included some popular tradtions and their urban counterparts.

Samhain Apples for the Dead

Many Witches and Pagans, as a matter of tradition, bury apples or other fruit near to the front door as offerings for the dead as they travel between the worlds on this day, when the veils between life and death are thinnest and most easily pushed back. The tradition is an old one and city Pagans lament their lack of earth next to a front door to carry it on. One might as well lament a lack of chimney and tell a child Santa cannot come this Christmas!!!

This is easily remedied and makes a beautiful ritual. Simply bury the apple in a potted plant and place it by your front door on a stoop or, if theft of the plant is feared, on a windowsill or balcony. If the pot is a plain one and the plant easily replaced, even if it is taken, see it as a blessing to whomever it has gone to, and who knows, perhaps michievous Samhain fairies are actually the culprits!

The Samhain Bonfire

Bonfires are lovely and exciting and often the cornerstone of a huge Hallow's Eve celebration. I say, fire is fire and the spirits won't decline to bless you or your rituals because the flames are modest. A small hibachi grill or cauldron filled with wood and herbs and set alight on a balcony, porch or even fire escape is sufficient to awake the spirits and draw them near. Those that leap over fires on Samhain and Beltane may even find that this is far safer than attempting to hurdle a taller, more robust fire. If your space doesn't even include a patio or outdoor space, travelling to a park with public grills, or even staying in with a stout pillar candle is fine, too. As with all things magick, the important thing here is the intent.

Carving Pumpkins/Turnips at Samhain

Many people don't realise it is actually the carvings of turnips that dominated early Hallow's Eve festivities, not today's more popular pumpkin.

Many city folks will purchase and carve pumpkins, but are reluctant to place them outside, if in small flats/apartments, especially if the neighborhood is not a very good one. Returning to the original turnip carving is a lovely way to honour this tradition, but with a vegetable small enough to display in a windowsill. I am lucky enough to have an apartment on the ground floor and can set many turnips along my wall as luminaries, which also makes for a nice display for little ones trick-or-treating. Turnips are small and round, and don't lend themselves to elaborate carvings, but look absolutely beautiful hollowed out and filled with a tealight candle. They resemble delicately painted porcelain, very lovely.

Samhain Feast for the Dead

Sure, you can have a meal anywhere, but it IS more difficult in a smaller space, especially with guests. While a full Dumb Supper (so called because often in honour of the dead there is no speaking during the meal...a feat I have personally never been able to pull off) with several courses served with elegance is wonderful, a nicely-laid buffet eaten off of one's lap is just as fun. Potlucks are great fun for Samhain, and don't underestimate the wisdom of a dessert and drinks only party for close, like-minded friends. The intent is key, once again, and one can always just have a nice Cakes and Ale after ritual as the meal portion of the holiday.

For every Samhain tradition that seems to require the space, time, and resources that at first glance seem only available to country dwellers, there is a simple fix for those of us that are city-bound. Spirits don't ignore cities in favour of forests and woods; just the opposite. Trade a haunted hayride for a tour of haunted houses in your city. Have a seance or make your own ouija board for fun and possibly receive some unexpected ghostly wisdom in lieu of a huge bonfire night.

The possibilities are endless. And again, the point is to honour the dead and see in the Witch's New Year with joy and love. Happy Samhain!

Simple Samhain Ritual

You will need:

- Black and/or orange altar cloth(s)
- Quarter candles
- One white candle for the God
- One black candle for the Goddess
- One black candle
- Carved Jack-o-lantern or skull (ceramic, stone, etc) on altar
- Samhain Incense

Cleanse the area in preparation of the ritual as you normally would. You can mark the circle with pumpkins or other things that remind you of Samhain. A nice touch is to have a jack-o-lantern mark each quarter.

Casting the Circle

Pick up your athame and kiss the blade. Starting in the North point the athame to the ground while visualizing a blue light coming from the blade to the ground. Begin to draw the circle moving deosil (clockwise). Complete this circle three times saying:

First time:
“I cast this circle in order to create a sacred space.”

Second time
“I cast this circle to contain the power.”

Third time
“I cast this circle as a barrier from all negative energy and spirits. So mote it be!”

Call the quarters starting in the North. Say:

"Hail to the Guardians of the Watchtowers of the North, element of air, and Guardians of the doorway between worlds. I do summon, stir and call you forth that you may guard and witness us in these rites. Hail and welcome!”

Turn to the East and say:

"Hail to the Guardians of the Watchtowers of the East, element of air. I do summon, stir and call you forth that you may guard and witness us in these rites. Hail and welcome!”

Turn to the South and say:

"Hail to the Guardians of the Watchtowers of the South, element of fire. I do summon, stir and call you forth that you may guard and witness me in my rites. Hail and welcome!”

Turn to the West and say:

"Hail to the Guardians of the Watchtowers of the West, element of water. I do summon, stir and call you forth that you may guard and witness us in these rites. Hail and welcome!”

Inviting the Lord and Lady

Light the Goddess candle and say:

"Wise Crone, Dark Lady, Dark Mother this is your time to rule. Darkness and decay begins to envelope the world and death knocks upon the door. Bring us this night your wisdom and clarity and envelope us within your love. Challenge us to look into ourselves and reflect upon what we find. Dark Mother we invite you this night to join us within our circle. Hail and Welcome."

Light the God candle and say:

"Lord, though you leave us for a time, we know that you will soon return!”

Extinguish the God candle and say:

“While we mourn your passing, we rejoice and await your return at Yule! Through your sacrifice we live and understand that death is a natural part of life. You show us that there is no true death for we all shall be reborn. The Wheel of Life forever turns. Hail and farewell!"

Circle Work

Read the Charge of the Crone.

Read the Charge of the God.

Bless the cakes and ale.

Light the black candle and place it near the offering bowl and say:

"May this candle guide those who have passed before us. We welcome (speak their names) to this rite in perfect love and perfect trust. Negative energies will be repelled for only positive energies are welcome here. May this candle serve as a beacon to those loved ones who seek to be with us this night. So mote it be!"

Take a piece of the cake and dip it into the wine. Place it into the offering bowl and say:

“We offer this food and drink to those who have passed before us. We offer this food and drink to our ancestors. May it please you and sustain you this night. We honor you and remember you.”

Break off a piece of the cake and pass it to your left. Eat the cake. Pick up the glass of wine and take a drink, passing it to your left. Remember your loved ones as you symbolically share a meal with them. Then sit quietly for a time and meditate and remember those who have passed. Take as much time as you wish. If your loved one has contacted you and you have communed with them, break off another piece of cake and dip it into the wine. Place it with the previous offering and say:

"I thank you for your company and for speaking with me. I offer you more food and drink. May it please you and sustain you this night! Blessed be!"

Wait silently for a short period of time and when you feel it is time then say farewell to the ancestors:

”To those who have passed that we love. We thank you for joining us and we bid you farewell as you journey back to the Land of the Dead. Go in peace. Hail and farewell!”

Farewell to the Goddess

Face altar and say:

“Dark Mother, Wise Crone. We thank you for being here with us tonight and for sharing your wisdom. Stay if you wish, go if you must. Hail and farewell!”

Extinguish the Goddess candle.

Farewell to the Guardians

Face the North and say:

“Guardians of the Watchtower of the North, element of earth and Guardians of the gateway between worlds. We thank you for your presence here this evening. Go in peace. Hail and farewell.”

Extinguish the North quarter candle.

Face the West and say:

“Guardians of the Watchtower of the West, element of water. We thank you for your presence here this evening. Go in peace. Hail and farewell.”

Extinguish the West quarter candle.

Face the South and say:

“Guardians of the Watchtower of the South, element of fire. We thank you for your presence here this evening. Go in peace. Hail and farewell.”

Extinguish the South quarter candle.

Face the East and say:

“Guardians of the Watchtower of the East, element of air. We thank you for your presence here this evening. Go in peace. Hail and farewell.”

Extinguish the East quarter candle.

Visualize the circle slowly melting away into the earth. Once it is gone the circle is open and
the ritual is done.

Before leaving the area, make sure you ground and center.

Take the remaining cake and wine and offer them to the Goddess. Pour the wine onto the ground and leave the cake on the ground and say a prayer of offering to the Goddess.

 

Blyssful Octobers Day Legionnaires~

 


                                    Elemental Cauldrons 

                Using a cauldron, symbol of inspiration and rebirth, has brought
          new dimensions  to both group and solitary work.  A cauldron       decorates
          the  center of the Circle during Lesser Sabbats.  An air cauldron at a
          spring rite  creates a misty,  magical quality  for the ceremony.   In
          summer, the  cauldron  will flash  and  spark.   A  blue  flame  burns
          mysteriously  within the  Water cauldron  during the  autumn festival.
          Throughout  Yule, the  Earth  cauldron burns  steadfast and  constant.
          During moon  rites, when magick is  done, we write the  purpose of our
          working on flash papers and toss  them into the burning cauldron while
          chanting.
                A  working cauldron should be of cast iron, with a tight-fitting
          lid,  three sturdy legs,  and a strong  handle.  Season  your cauldron
          before using it for the first time.  Pour in generous helping  of salt
          and lighter fluid, slosh it  up to the rim  and wipe dry.  For  indoor
          use it  MUST have a  fireproof base  or your workings  will summon  up
          yellow-coated salamander spirits from the fire department.

          EARTH Cauldron

                Layer salt, wax shavings, three powered or ground herbs, fighter
          fluid and ivy leaves in the cauldron while focus and chanting.  Use  a
          candle to light  it.  When  the smoke starts  to roll, extinguish  the
          cauldron by putting the lid on.

          AIR Cauldron

                Using tongs, put a  chunk of dry ice is a small glass or ceramic
          bowl  and place the  bowl on  a cloth in  the bottom of  the cauldron.
          Allow the  cauldron to  smoke as  long as the  ice lasts.   The  mists
          create excellent images for scrying.

          FIRE Cauldron

                Cover the inside bottom with dirt or sand to dissipate heat.  Light
          incense  charcoal and  add either salt  petter for flame  and spark or
          flash powder for  a different  but spectacular effect.   To assist  in
          releasing or firing off peak energy, try using flash "bombs".   Make a
          small pocket in a piece of flash paper, fill with flash powder and tie
          with  thread.  The  "bomb" should be  about the size  of your smallest
          fingernail.  The results  are spectacularly bright, so use  the powder
          sparingly.  Don't look directly at the flash as you drop the "bomb" in
          the cauldron.

          WATER Cauldron.

                  At least seven days before the ritual, place equal quantities of
          three appropriate herbs in a pint glass jar.  Fill the rest of the jar
          with Everclear  (200 proof  alcohol),  cap tightly,  and shake  gently
          while concentrating on the purpose of the ritual.   Add a chant if its
          feels right.   Let the jar rest  in a dark, warm spot  and shake twice
          daily,  charging with purpose.   Before the ritual,  place a fireproof
          ceramic or  glass bowl  in the  cauldron.  Pour  in the  herb mixture,
          being careful none spills into  the cauldron.  Light with a  candle to
          produce a beautiful blue flame.

                The  cauldron,   as  the  fifth   elemental  spirit,  symbolizes
          inspiration,  rebirth,  illumination and  rejuvenation.    Use a  Fire
          cauldron  with salt petter to cast a Circle.   Use the mists of an Air
          cauldron  for an initiation.   Burn away hate,  prejudice and negative
          self-images, with a Water cauldron.   The Earth cauldron is  ideal for
          indoor Beltane rites.
                Remember to  place a  burning cauldron on  a fireproof  surface.
          Practice safety when using  any volatile materials and you  will enjoy
          your cauldron for many rites.

 

Erzulie Freda Floral Perfume Oil


Use this oil to increase your personal magnetism, and to draw love and prosperity to you. 
• 3/4 cup jojoba oil 
• 1/2 teaspoon essential oil of rose 
• 1/2 teaspoon essential oil of lavender 
• 1 teaspoon essential oil of geranium 
• 1/4 teaspoon essential oil of ylang-ylang 
Mix together and store in a tightly sealed bottle, in a dark place. Wear as a perfume or anoint charms.