airwolf

~*~ Elder Airwolf LoP Ministry Founder/Owner~*~

Administrator | Last logged in at

Merry Meet Legionnaires~
I am sixth generation Native Blackfoot and Scottish Celt. My Grandmother was one of my mentors her being a shaman, and my other mentor was my Druid Celtic Aunt. I was raised pagan and my education started at the age
of seven and formally after my first moon lodge ritual at 12. I am also trained as a voodoo priestess
I have one son now coming into his native shaman training and 4 beautiful grandchildren.

"prehistoric" and "historic" of atomic theory

Module 01: principles and a bit 'of history

 

01.2 - some stage "prehistoric" and "historic" of atomic theory

 

the scientific model

Examine the history of the development of a model is important to realize how it is the development of scientific knowledge and also to understand that no model can be considered as the final and perfect: it is only until the experimental data within the model designed and accepted and when they diverge, we need to change, or even change it completely.

 

Fig.01.2-1 Schematic of the processes leading to the construction and maintenance of a scientific model .

The diagram shows an elaboration of the theories of Popper:

the reality (ie, one or more real phenomena), through processes of analogy , is represented in a model , this is implemented (built rationally), generalized (to other similar phenomena) and encoded (using tools and mathematical knowledge is expressed in a "formal"), this sequence of processes leads to a theory .

Any theory must then be falsified (in jeopardy with new experiences or using new experimental data), particularized (applied to the specific phenomenon) and extended (to other phenomena). If this sequence holds, the model is maintained, if not holding the model needs to be adjusted (modified), or you may also need to change it completely.

[construction of a scientific model]

 

Brief History dell'atomistica

The example of the atomic theory is exemplary and emblematic, especially since it covers a huge span of about 2500 years, but the process of building each model has had similar troubles, albeit over a shorter time.

Almost always it is reconstructed through the thought and work of the great figures in the history of science. Will be remembered only some of the many significant milestones, the various characters also will be mentioned only ideas that may relate to existing models: obviously they have also expressed conflicting ideas or deviate from the models, but it would be too broad to cite them.

 

Democritus (460-370 BC): the first describes a comprehensive and coherent system of materialism: there are "atoms" (from the greek a-tomos = indivisible) immersed in an empty space, their movement derived from all things, a mechanical and deterministic.

 

Epicurus (341-270 BC): the universe is eternal and unchanging and unchangeable is made ​​up of atoms, and these are of infinite shapes, weights and sizes; atoms, falling, can deviate from their trajectory, creating unforeseeable events (non-determinism is stiffer). In Latin culture Epicurean philosophy was spread by Titus Lucretius Carus, known simply as Lucretius , in the beautiful poem "De rerum natura".

 

*** It should be noted that these " atomistic theories "are purely philosophical, as they exclude the experiment to confirm (exclude it because I do not even consider: the manual tasks were considered low level, unfit to lovers of wisdom, that is, the "philosophers").

Atomism always influenced scholars in the Middle Ages but was accepted Aristotle's theory of the "princes" (Dante followed), the theory is more consistent with the ideas of the Church and not "atheistic" and "materialistic". This has severely affected the progress of the atomic theory and science in general.

 

Aristotelian principles

Fig.01.2-2 Representation of the categories of the natural world according to Aristotle and their possible transformations that take place in it .

 

They represented the four elements of Aristotle: fire (IGNIS), air (EAR), Water (Aqua), ground (GND).

Shows the transitions from one element to another to sum ​​(SUMMA) or loss (REMISSA) of one of the four qualities : hot (CALIDITAS), wet (HUMIDITAS), cold (FRIGIDITAS), dry(SICCITAS).

They also appear possible and impossible combinations (combinatio possibilis, vertical or horizontal, and IMPOSSIBILIS, diagonal) between different qualities.

(Dissertatio de arte GWLeibniz in combinatorics, 1666)

[categories in the world according to Aristotle]

 

Pierre Gassendi (1592-1635) French physicist and philosopher, spreads the theory, trying to reconcile it with religion (the atoms are created by God), and there are atoms of various shapes, with hooks (the concept of bond); joining form particles large "molecules" (the term was codified until much later, but for a long time, until the early 1800s, he continued to use interchangeably the terms atom, element, molecule), these molecules can be so large as to be discernible from 'Man, maybe by improving the' "enghiscopio," ancestor of the microscope, which he used to.

 

Robert Boyle (1627-1691), Irish: in "The Sceptical Chymist" says that the reactions occur when atoms with lower "affinity" are replaced by atoms with higher affinity, (at that time were very widespread "Tabulae affinitatum" in which various substances and elements were tabulated columns, for each substance was placed in sequence affinity, ie the ability to react to various other substances, examples of tabulae affinitatum appear later in Figures 2.7, 2.9, 2.10); explains properties with the shapes and movement of the corpuscles;, however, must "purge" theory from '"atomism" of Epicurus, because he was tried for heresy when he had to abjure the theory of Epicurus.

 

Isaac Newton (1642-1727), English physicist: the bodies are formed from primordial particles (which he calls "minimal") "so hard that you do not wear out and never ever break into fragments," "compound bodies can become fragmented ... only where these particles are in contact ... ";" the coupling of the particles is due to the fact that they attract each other with a force which is very large when they are in contact ... "(Newton tried to generalize also to the microscopic world his theories of universal gravitation).

 

Leonhard Euler (1707-1783), Swiss mathematician German (also a mathematician, abstract speculator, there is very real problems, it seems a true "chemical laboratory"): "To the knowledge of the elements you need ... the greater number of experiences in which decompose the bodies to reduce them to their principles ... which can be considered as elements ..., and there are as many elements as there are types of atoms ... "

 

Mikhail V. Lomonosov (1711-1765), Russian: "the foundation of what is proper to natural bodies to be found in the quality of the particles that compose them and in the way of their mutual arrangement, a" principle "consists of particles equal, a" body Mixed "consists of two or more different principles ..."

 

Bryan Williams and Higgins , British physicists followers of Newton from 1775 to 1995: the atoms of all elements are solid and have a spherical or nearly spherical atoms attract each other with forces inversely proportional to the square of the distance (gravitational theories).

 

*** It 'should be noted that, so far, none of these scientists has been called "chemical", since then, the modern chemistry could not be considered yet born, the first thinkers and scientists were training "physical" (which is interested ie of Nature and its laws, in greek "fisis" Fusis ) or doctors or mathematicians.

 

Dalton and language

Fig.01.2-3 A portrait of John Dalton

John Dalton (1766-1844) English scientist, founder of modern chemistry dell'atomistica; using gas mixtures (He begins with what is called "pneumatic chemistry", from the greek "pneuma"pneuma , air), and study clarifies the relationship between ponderal elements; 1801-2 states in the " law of partial pressures "; states, but did (also errors are important, provided they are then recognized!), that the number of particles of various gases in a given volume is different; states that it is necessary to determine the number and weight of all the elements, that the atoms of different elements are different for quality and specific weight, which atoms of the same substance are identical, different atoms that have the ability to be combined in different ratios (justifying the law of the " multiple proportions "), that atoms are indivisible and unalterable (justifying the" law of conservation of mass "of Lavoisier), which atoms of different substances have different atomic weights.

[John Dalton]

Dalton makes the first calculation of the relationship between these weights and that of the hydrogen atom, completing a first table of atomic weights, September 6, 1803, table suffers from conceptual errors, but because the first key that has been processed (the errors are related to the belief that the number of particles of various gases in a given volume can be different; moreover had no knowledge of the existence of diatomic molecules, therefore, interpreted his experiences on the basis that the gas was hydrogen H and H 2 )

atom primary

atomic weight

notes

hydrogen

1

from water, such as HO
oxygen

5.66

 
nitrogen

4

ammonia as NH
carbon

4.5

H 2 CO 3 , using 5.66 for O
water

6.66

as a HO
ammonia

5

as NH
nitric oxide

13.66

as N 2 O
sulfur

17

by sulphurous acid as SO
sulphurous acid

22,66

as SO
sulfuric acid

28.32

as SO 2
carbonic acid

15.8

such as CO 2
carbon monoxide

10.2

as CO

Fig.01.2-4 first table of atomic weights developed by Dalton (1803).

He used also new symbols to identify the atoms, but also for some compounds, since it does not yet exist methods to identify them as such, for example, KOH and NaOH; also adopted a symbolic model to show that atoms could join in different ratios, while imagining "molecules" absolutely improbable and, in the light of current knowledge, impossible.

Fig.01.2- 5 from Dalton Symbols used to identify elements or substances between different atoms and molecules hypothetical.

The notation is mixed: for each element of the base is a circle, but also provides additional graphical symbols and letters.

In the first row, from left, the first symbols are O, H, N, C, S and P.

The first of the second line is Hg. 

Some symbols correspond to compounds, then still not identifiable as such, for example, KOH and NaOH, the last two in the third row, barite, third, and MgO, the last of the fourth row.

[some symbols used by Dalton]

Fig.01.2- 6 polyatomic molecules hypothesized by Dalton expressed with the symbols of Figure 7a.

In the part concerning the compounds are indicated possible combinations of atoms:

in the first series, with O H;

in the second O N;

in the third with C O and S;

in the fourth OR with P to the left and H with N and C to the right;

in the fifth H with S and P to the left, S with P to the right.

Many combinations are absolutely fantastic, such as OH, O 2 H, 3 H, 4 H, or HN and HC, HS and HS 2 , PS and PS 2 .

Other combinations instead represent molecules that actually exist, as different oxides of N, S and C.

[polyatomic molecules hypothesized by Dalton]

 

To understand the importance of the contribution of Dalton to the development of modern chemistry, with its innovative symbolism, just think that, before him, was still in force in the habit of groped to "communicate" through symbolism that was heavily influenced by alchemy and all 'Astrology, with descriptions of processes that seemed more fantastic tales that real experiences and imaginative and mythological symbols, more or less understandable even for the "experts".

 

the tabulae affinitatum

Fig.01.2- 7 Example of "Tabula affinitatum" between different substances (EFGeoffroy, 1718) still in common use in the late 1700s

In the top row of symbols appearing substances or elements, in columns, corresponding to each element or substance, the affinity towards her other substances or elements.

The one that has the highest affinity is in the second row, then the third and so on, up to the substance or to the element that has the lowest affinity among those considered.

The concept used in the construction of the blank was that the substance which has greater affinity moves the one that has lower affinity.

The symbolism used is generally used in alchemy (Au = Sun, Moon = Ag, Fe = Mars, Venus = Cu, etc.).

[an example of Tabula affinitatum]

Fig.01.2-8 Another example of Tabula affinitatum [another Tabula afinitatum]

 

Fig.01.2- 9 Another example, very elegant from the point of view of the image, what is next, "Tabula affinitatum inter differentes substantias", which is located at the Science Museum in Florence. [and yet another Tabula affinitatum]

But it was, in any case of conventional symbols that only a few could understand. The use of symbols to communicate with the entire community of scholars is equivalent to the construction of a language in a society: there is no progress if there is no communication.

 

These are just some of the milestones in the initial development of the atomistic model, many other scientists have made their contribution in the same time period and even more in subsequent years, all these contributions have enabled the processing of the currently accepted model.

Some reference books (but there are many others):

JI Solov'ev, The chemical evolution of thought from 600 to the present day , EST Mondadori, Milan, 1976.

A. Di Meo (ed.), History of chemistry in Italy , Ferruzzi Group, Publishing, Theoria, Naples, Rome, 1989.

http://venus.unive.it/miche/chimrestau/capitoli/01-2re.htm

http://ibdigital.uib.es/greenstone/collect/studiaLulliana/index/assoc/Studia_L/ulliana_/Vol_032_.dir/Studia_Lulliana_Vol_032_2_p105.pdf

Daily Forecast for January 10th, 2014

Current Moon Phase for January 10th – Waxing Gibbous

 

Gibbous Moon
(waxing/75% of Full)

Distractions from the outside begin pressing into your world. Analysis is favored, reevaluating all the various factors you are dealing with. It’s a time to process information and effectively integrate your aims with the people in your immediate environment. This is a good time for organizing things. This Moon phase is suited for synthesis: coming up with a practical plan for getting from point A to point B. Adjustment is required.

Friday 10th January 2014

Moon 14° Taurus sextiles Jupiter [in retrograde] 14° Cancer

Moon 20° Taurus trines Sun 20° Capricorn

Moon 21° Taurus opposes Saturn 21° Scorpio

Moon 21° Taurus trines Venus [in retrograde] 21° Capricorn

Friday 10th January 2014 - Moon in Taurus

Unbelievable - "everything" goes so smoothly !

The unbelievable fact of Moon in Taurus will be the speed at which things happen - and with which you do them without even having time to "think". I've said it many times - that if some people didn't THINK - then life would actually flow much better. Because it is human's fears, worries and negative thoughts that BLOCK things from happening.

Look at a child - it lives in the same world and absorbs the same astrological energies - and yet a child doesn't block nor worry - if things don't work out one day - the child moves-on with the next day. Very often the child will easily forget the whole experience. And yet as adults - sometimes we "think" too much !

We even makes decisions that we know are WRONG and we convince ourselves to live with those bad decisions UNTIL you have the right energy and the right HELP from DESTINY to undo the WRONG decisions and sort your life out. The truth is destiny is sorting your life out and Moon in Taurus is moving specific pieces into place - even without your involvement - in fact especially without your mind getting involved - because karma knows you'd likely block karmic progress. Luckily things will happen so quickly on Friday - that you won't even have time to block anything - as destiny will just PUSH everyone and MAKE everything happen.

 

Moon 14° Taurus sextiles Jupiter [in retrograde] 14° Cancer creates REAL life good luck - something you've been waiting for - something you've done in the "past" - will now be sorted out and become LUCKY for you. Without "thinking" you'll find yourself trying something you've done before - but didn't have any luck - today it will be LUCKY and work out for you.

Moon 20° Taurus trines Sun 20° Capricorn overwhelmingly this aspect will drive the day - your emotional energies will be driven, forced, pushed and pulled to "do" something - and it will just "happen" - thereafter the coincidences will follow one-after-another and things just happen so smoothly.

Moon 21° Taurus opposes Saturn 21° Scorpio is not "technically" a bad opposition - it is more like a magnetic attraction to make you do something. It will create the MAGIC of the day - because something you thought you'd never do - you will end up doing ; something you thought you'd never WANT to do - you will love doing ; and something your head convinced you - you'd never do - destiny will make you do - and it might well be TOTAL OPPOSITE to your nature or to what you planned and thought you'd do. Because today's circumstances and events will define a karmic destined CHANGE in "your" plans - to CHANGE and do "destiny's" plans - exactly what DESTINY wants you to do.

Moon 21° Taurus trines Venus [in retrograde] 21° Capricorn inexplicable - your physical real life will attract you to someone that destiny wants you to love and will also attract you to doing something that destiny has defined will be LUCKY for you to do - this applies especially to work, business and money. If in the past - you tried and failed - today if you get the urge to try again - you will SUCCEED.

Free Horoscopes by Astrodienst

 

Moon in Taurus throughout Friday night and into Saturday morning continues with positive energy - manifesting unexpected and yet destined events - leading to Moon 29° Taurus trines Mercury 29° Capricorn when you'll find yourself talking and communicating - saying everything you need to say - to all the RIGHT people in your life - in order to "make" destined things happen.

The good side to Moon in Taurus is inexplicably "things" will just happen - delightfully people that you'd usually expect to BLOCK your progress and BLOCK your life will mysteriously HELP you.

 

There is, however, an important warning I should give you and that's because Moon in Taurus - will be making everyone act instinctively - and they will be driven and forced to do things - they would not normally do - and like a BULL SEEING RED - they will charge forward. Many of whom will make destined mistakes - and yet these "mistakes" will actually be in alignment with karmic destiny.

So when you see and hear people doing and saying things you never expected them to say - LISTEN - don't say anything - just ACCEPT and LISTEN - as they are being FORCED to say and do "stupid" things that will reveal TRUTHS and help redefine your DESTINY too - in alignment with your karmic destiny.

I can see from the astrological charts that it is going to SURPRISE many of you - because these people who've been blocking your pathway - will suddenly do things that will UNBLOCK destiny and things will magically just "happen". This is the day that karmic events will just happen like magic - even things that should have happened years ago - will happen - because NOTHING gets blocked today. Some of these things will indeed be UNBLOCKED during Moon in Taurus - but some of you will only hear the exceptionally surprising good news whenMoon transits Gemini on Saturday & Sunday.

Your Daily Horoscopes 

We are likely to take a pragmatic approach to complicated problems today. Although a down-to-earth plan has a greater chance of succeeding now than one based on political and philosophical ideas, we still may run into problems later in the day. The determined Taurus Moon helps us simplify our goals and teaches us about persistence. But the Moon’s midday opposition to taskmaster Saturn requires us to work extra hard in order to get what we want.

Aries Horoscope
(Mar 21 – Apr 19)

You have been running on overdrive and may be growing tired of the hectic pace. Now that the Moon is in sensible Taurus, you can retreat from the rat race and reconsider the assumptions that led you to over-committing your resources. However, no one expects you to set overly ambitious goals or attempt to accomplish the impossible. For now, it’s more about just being practical. Weed out unnecessary objectives so you don’t have to spread yourself so thin. Greater efficiency can bring you a different kind of satisfaction.

Taurus Horoscope
(Apr 20 – May 20)

You can trust your senses now that the reflective Moon is traveling through your sign. You might even receive extra assistance and affection from the Moon’s harmonious aspect to your key planet Venus. However, you have to strip away the layers of thoughts that distract you from remembering what’s most important. Even if you withdraw from others today, don’t let discouragement prevent you from enjoying your solitude. Taking the time to listen to your heart is a wonderful way to spend the day.

Gemini Horoscope
(May 21 – Jun 20)

A relationship drama may have recently distracted you from your real responsibilities. However, it’s time now to pull back from your friends and social engagements so you can catch up with your work. You might sense an invisible wall that distances you from everyone else today. You aren’t necessarily lonely, although you could be overly serious. There’s no need to pretend you’re having fun if you’re not. It’s better for all involved if you are honest about your feelings and set healthy boundaries wherever necessary.

Cancer Horoscope
(Jun 21 – Jul 22)

You’re feeling more grounded today, but someone may persuade you to do something you’re not sure about. Others are probably well-intended, but you prefer acting from your own free will. You don’t like being forced to do anything. Keep in mind that your actions are more important now than your justifications. Go ahead and fulfill your obligations without holding on to any unnecessary resentment or resistance. Being a team player is admirable as long as you don’t lose yourself in the crowd.

Leo Horoscope
(Jul 23 – Aug 22)

You playful Lions are often more than ready for fun and games, and today you take your creative expression exceptionally seriously. Nevertheless, you still may need to postpone your current enjoyment to finish chores that cannot be avoided any longer. Don’t stress; you will be able to kick up your heels once you have delivered on your promises. The sooner you get busy, the sooner you can let your inner child out to play.

Virgo Horoscope
(Aug 23 – Sep 22)

You might have a very rewarding experience in your own quiet way, for your needs are pretty simple now. You could be content today as long as you don’t reach beyond your own financial means or step out of your emotional comfort zone. But don’t worry if you feel disconnected from someone you love; it’s only temporary. Instead of trying to bridge the gap, use the available space to clarify your core values and reassess what you ultimately want your future life to look like.

Libra Horoscope
(Sep 23 – Oct 22)

Your even-handed approach is rewarded today as conversations with a close friend or coworker lead to a sensible solution to a tricky problem. However, you may run into a speed bump midday as restrictive Saturn enters the equation. Don’t lose sight of your ultimate goal, no matter what obstacle is placed in your way. Thankfully, the Moon then harmonizes with sweet Venus, ensuring smooth sailing for the rest of the day if you are willing to keep your heart open

Scorpio Horoscope
(Oct 23 – Nov 21)

The emotional intensity of the past few weeks continues to wane, but don’t be misled; the roller coaster ride is not over. Unresolved issues will likely resurface for another round, but at least for now you have the luxury to choose what to do and what to let go. By judiciously eliminating unnecessary activities today, you can prepare yourself for the resurgence of passion and drama that is waiting for you around the next corner.

Sagittarius Horoscope
(Nov 22 – Dec 21)

You may be so distracted by the wide world of possibilities that you could benefit by withdrawing from the outer noise and refocusing on what’s right in front of you. It might even help to pretend that you are wearing blinders for a while. There are times when dreams inspire you and encourage your imagination, but this is not one of them. Keeping your thoughts anchored in reality is your best strategy for now.

Capricorn Horoscope
(Dec 22 – Jan 19)

It’s not the most opportune time to open your mind to many of the possible courses you could now take. You have already picked a direction and you will do best by holding onto that course as steadily as you can. Even if you’re questioning a recent decision, don’t make any adjustments to your plans yet. Your self-doubt will pass within just a few days and you will gain a brighter clarity about your future.

Aquarius Horoscope
(Jan 20 – Feb 18)

You may feel out of sync with your world now as circumstances hold you back from getting what you want. It’s not like you have anything better to do; it’s just that you are more restless than usual. You’re ready for something major to happen, even if you don’t yet know what it is. Although you might feel lonely today, don’t set out on your own to stir up trouble. Instead, stop to reconsider what you need from others and what you’re willing to sacrifice to make a partnership more harmonious.

Pisces Horoscope
(Feb 19 – Mar 20)

Even if there are areas of your life that need improvement, make sure to appreciate the things that are working smoothly today. This isn’t a time for laziness or self-indulgence, but it shouldn’t require high stress to motivate you to change your life. For now, you can modify your world by making small adjustments to your daily routine. Just don’t expect a dramatic transformation overnight; it could take some consistent effort and self-discipline to achieve positive results.

Today's Tarot Card:

The Hermit
The challenge of what has traditionally been known as the Hermit card is to be able to recognize a teacher in a humble disguise. This font of mysterious knowledge will not make it easy for the student to acquire his wisdom, as it takes time and long contemplation to fathom what he knows. He often speaks wordlessly, or in ancient and barbaric tongues, communicating with the elements, animals and Nature herself.

While the hourglass was an identifying feature on the earliest Hermit cards, more modern ones have shifted the metaphor, showing more or less light released from his lantern. In either case, the Hermit card reminds us of the value of time away from the hubbub of civic life, to relax the ego in communion with Nature.

Your Rune For Today        

Isa        

The Ice Rune,  represents stagnation and a passionless existence. Your life’s course may seem blurry at the moment, but if you persevere you will move onto better days.

Today's I Ching Hexagram:

43: Determination
Personal resolution points to a breakthrough, but decisive action is required. As long as you diligently hold your ground and ward off negative tendencies and influences, the good will prevail. 


The persistence of negativity, which is that which opposes the good, is a constant in human affairs. Just when it is thought to have been eradicated, up it will pop again, sprouting through some crack in the pavement of civilized society. Evil need not take dramatic or extravagant forms, such as those exhibited in Nazi Germany. Garden-variety lies and deceit are much more common and persistent, but should be rooted out just as diligently. One must be determined to not accidentally feed negativity — either in one's social or professional life, or in one's own soul. In either case, definite rules must be followed for the struggle to succeed. 

The first rule: do not compromise with evil. Destructive or exploitive actions must be identified openly for what they are, and discredited. The second: one cannot successfully resist negativity on its own terms. New, positive alternatives that lead away from the source of the problem are generally more successful, and appropriate than trying to counter negativity with raw power. The third rule: the means used to counter negativity must be consistent with the end to be achieved. One cannot stop the spreading of lies by spreading more of them.

Today's Spirit Animal Oracle:

That Which is Behind You
  Skunk 
Phew! Everyone knows Skunk's power—that's why people (and other animals) get out of his way! If you're lacking self-esteem, Skunk is there to help. You are worthy of a happy life—and if someone is making you miserable, look to Skunk as a confidence builder. Remember, though, Skunk doesn't have to spray to be powerful—his reputation precedes him! And, like Skunk, you don't need to spray either-but you do need to stand your ground calmly, and with Skunk's confidence. 

 

Your Current Place
  Raccoon 
This masked bandit can make you laugh with his antics, or make you angry when you realize he’s made off with your food! Raccoon is incredibly curious—to the point that he’ll walk into a potentially dangerous situation just to see what’s up. Like Raccoon, are there situations you’re barging into before you have all the information? Might want to re-think this one. 

 

That Which is before You
  Eagle 
Eagle soars high enough to see the grand panorama of life, and yet has vision keen enough to spot a fish a mile away. How's your vision? Are you seeing the big picture or are you only concentrating on the fish? Eagle is asking you to take a step back so you can once again see the whole. You've gotten so lost in the trees you've forgotten the forest.

Today's Faery Oracle:

The Forest Fairy

Go out when you can - explore! absorb! be one with nature and enjoy the feeling of peace that experience will bring you!

Your Fairy Affirmation for today:
"I appreciate the beauty and healing qualities of all that is natural in this world." 

~Elder Airwolf~

Some background about the meaning of a Jinni

Some background about the meaning of a Jinni

By Donna Morgan on Friday, January 10, 2014 at 2:21pm

A jinni offering prayers Jinni can be agents of good or evil, but most are mischievous and enjoy punishing humans for wrongs done them, even though these wrongs may have been done unintentionally. In ancient times accidents and diseases were considered to be the work of jinni. A Jinn’s natural form is composed of fire…

A jinni offering prayers

Jinni can be agents of good or evil, but most are mischievous and enjoy punishing humans for wrongs done them, even though these wrongs may have been done unintentionally. In ancient times accidents and diseases were considered to be the work of jinni. A Jinn’s natural form is composed of fire or smoke although a jinn can assume animal or human form.

Because jinni are magical in nature and exist as smoke or flame, they can be captured by wily mages and bound to an inanimate object known as a talisman. The person who carries that talisman may have the jinn do his/her bidding for as long as they have it and are owed services.

Jinni are purely magical beings, and as such can be controlled through the knowledge of a jinn’s true name. If a person knows a jinn’s true name the jinn can be forced to perform an unlimited number of task for its master. Note: demanding a jinn’s true name (even from another jinn) nullifies the geas binding a jinn, and tends to make them VERY angry.

If released from a talisman that the jinn is bound to, the jinn is forced to perform at least one task for the bearer of the talisman. The number of services varies depending on when the jinn was bound to its talisman. A Jinn bound to talisman before 900 BC is required to complete only one task, whereas a jinn bound to a talisman after 900 BC is forced to complete 3 tasks. The exact reason for this is not fully known although the change came during the time of King Solomon, who was known to command jinni.

Jinni have long memories, and never forget a kindness or an injustice. If a jinni was treated fairly and graciously by the master, it is possible that no hard feelings would result. If a jinn is freed before all of it’s services are done, it my even reward it’s liberator well. However, if mistreated or made to abuse it’s power, the master should be ready to face an angry jinn when the service is completed. A bound jinn is prohibited from acting against its master for the duration of it’s service. This means that as long as the jinn owes you a service, you are safe from it’s powers, afterwards you have no such protection so it is a good idea to be nice to the jinn.

The phrasing of a wish need not be formal, simply telling the jinn under your command “I want…” or “I’d like…” is good enough to satisfy the magical geas which forces the a jinni to perform services for it’s master.

 

 by Dedra Stevenson 

 

Chinese Myth Legend 3 — Hou Yi Shot the Sun

In many ancient Chinese myths, as well as the myths of other cultures, the gods help the people. The Hou Yi, however, is one of the few mortals who helps the gods, thanks to his great skill with the bow and arrow. Like many of Chinese myths, this story may have been based on an actual person, in this case a skilled bowman who lived sometime between 2436-2255 B.C.

Plants and herbs often appear in the background of Chinese stories. The mythical Fusang tree is reputed to be over ten thousand feet tall and spreads its leaves out over two thousand feet. Because the tree appears in many ancient tombs, paintings, and sculptures, it once must have been a very important symbol.

Although some versions of the story depict the Fusang as a hibiscus, the mulberry tree is probably its basis. One variety of the mulberry, Morus alba, is native to China. Growing more than fifty feet tall, its leaves are used to feed silkworms. Strands from the silkworms’ cocoons are woven together to create silk, the strongest of all natural fibers. The cloth is lightweight and cool to the touch, but retains warmth and is highly flame-resistant. Its beauty and ability to absorb bright dyes made it a highly prized trade item in ancient Egypt, Rome, and Persia.

The water spinach, ung choy, has thick hollow stems and long slender leaves. It will sprout leaves and regenerate with very little water, and it will grow as much as four inches per day. This hardy plant saved people from starvation during China’s many wars and is also a valuable source of iron for the people of India, Vietnam, Brazil, Central America, and Africa.

China was once thought to be surrounded by four seas. To the east was a vast ocean. Beyond the ocean, magnificent plants bloomed on an island paradise. The most glorious specimen of all the plant life was the Fusang tree, whose wondrous branches stretched up toward the heavens and out across the island for hundreds of miles. Scattered among its masses of dark green foliage, fragrant hibiscus flowers burst into flaming shades of magenta, crimson, and violet.

Among the glossy leaves of the Fusang tree lived ten naughty suns. They were left alone to play in paradise, neglected by their parents, the sun god Dijun and the sun goddess Shiho. Each day, Shiho left heaven in a pearl-shell chariot drawn by six fiery young Loong and passed by the Fusang tree. The suns took turns clambering to the treetop to leap into the chariot and make the rounds with their mother as she roared by. It was the job of each working sun, as the goddess Shiho wheeled her chariot across the sky, to shed light and warmth evenly across the world and wake up the roosters. But Shiho had to scold her sons constantly for fixing too much heat in places that captured their interest.

While one sun was on duty, the other nine frolicked among the jagged leaves of the Fusang tree. The suns spent idle afternoons happily chasing each other in the tree, then cooling themselves in the ocean. At dusk, they eagerly awaited their mother’s chariot. The returning sun always splashed down in a series of splendid twirls and jackknifes to the noisy cheers of his brothers.

After many years, however, the suns became bored. All of them plotted to spend more time plaHou Ying, and less time working. One day, they decided to run across the sky, all together, before their mother arrived. They hoped to generateenough light and warmth to last for several days. Then no one would need to work for awhile.

As the ten suns chased each other across the sky, the moisture on earth slowly evaporated. The light the sun brothers gave off together was blinding. Their heat scorched the soil, and rivers dried up to a trickle. Crops withered, and many people died of thirst across the land. There was nothing to eat except water spinach, which mercifully grew in the mud of their fields. Monsters appeared in the seas and skies to snatch the people from their homes. The people prayed to the gods night and day for deliverance. When their prayers finally reached the sun god Dijun, he became very angry at his sons’ selfishness and laziness.

Dijun called the best marksman, Hou Yi, before him. The sun god gave Hou Yi ten magic arrows. Then he ordered Hou Yi to discipline his naughty sons. When Hou Yi saw all the dead creatures on the parched earth, he was filled with sadness, for he was a mortal man. Hou Yi called out to the suns and ordered them to stop their foolishness, but they only leaped around the Grand Archer, mocking his seriousness.

When Hou Yi threatened to shoot them with his magic arrows, the suns laughed even harder. They knew they were the sons of a god and that the Grand Archer was merely a heavenly court servant.

Angrily, Hou Yi grabbed one magic arrow out of his quiver and aimed carefully. Whaam! The arrow flew straight into the heart of the most boastful sun. Quickly, that sun dropped down from the sky, burning up in a ball of fire. When he hit the ground, the sun turned into a huge black crow with a three-foot wingspan, and then he died. The earth immediately felt cooler. Then the Grand Archer stalked the remaining suns.

Having witnessed Hou Yi’s powers, the other suns became frightened, and they scattered across the country, trHou Ying to hide. However, one by one, the Grand Archer tracked them down. Each time he killed one of the suns, the earth cooled further.

Zing! He shot the second sun and billowing clouds reappeared in the sky.

Zoom! He shot the third sun and mist curled around the high mountains.

Twang! He shot the fourth sun and dewdrops formed like pearls on every leaf.

Thump! He shot the fifth sun and springs bubbled out of the rocky hills.

Zap! He shot the sixth sun and rivers rippled with leaping carp.

Pow! He shot the seventh sun and branches sprouted lush green foliage.

Thud! He shot the eighth sun and buds blossomed on the trees.

Thwack! He shot the ninth sun and rice grass pushed up tender new shoots.

Then Hou Yi vowed to find the very last sun and bring him to justice.

By now, the land had cooled so dramatically that it was comfortable for the peasants. They wanted Hou Yi to quit, but no one dared approach him. However, before the Grand Archer could spend his last arrow, a brave boy sneaked up behind him and stole the tenth shaft. After this show of courage, the peasants were emboldened enough to beg the Grand Archer to leave one sun to light up the heavens. Hou Yi was filled with pity for the farmers, and he agreed to spare the last sun remaining in the sky.

This last sun mourned the loss of his brothers and was doomed to assume his daily journey alone. Furthermore, his mother rejected his pleas to borrow her chariot, and the Loong refused to pull him. From one end of heaven to the other, the last sun trudged across the sky in solitude, bringing light and warmth to the world for all eternity.

Prosperity returned to the people. Crops grew again, the rivers slaked their thirst, and the animals bathed in the fresh water and clear sunshine. Last of all, the people gave thanks for one plant, the water spinach, that grew wild in the muddy waters, allowing the people to survive the time of the terrible drought caused by the thoughtless ten suns.

Original Elders

 



Article Specs 

Article ID: 15037

VoxAcct: 401950

Section: words

Age Group: Adult

Days Up: 474

Times Read: 1,865

RSS Views: 14,354

The Original Elders

Author: Elder Airwolf 
Posted: September 23rd. 2012 
Times Viewed: 1,865 

When I was very young, my Grams told me a story that had been handed down through generations of our peoples from the beginning about the Great Counsel of Elders and how it came to be.

Long, long, long ago in the beginning when this galaxy was just born and our Earth was developed into a living planet with a loving solar system to support life the surrounding five galaxies were called by the Great Mystery to watch over this new living planet and help maintain balance for it survival with an appointed Great Counsel made up of thirteen. One counsel member for every month of the seasons and one to represent Grandmother Moon as she rules the tides of the living planet and keep balance.

From the five galaxies were sent masons, architects, mathematicians, artiest, musicians, scholars, herpetologists, and biologists to assist the development of a new colony. We all started with one knowledge and as we moved to other regions of this new fertile planet so did the knowing of whence we came. The elders said to go forth a multiply to help cultivate needed resources for our dying planets.

With this, prophets were set forth and with them to take the one knowledge of love, light and truth and to carry this as the new planet is populated and to keep the balance and goodness by paying respects for this gift. This did not happen as planned by the Great Counsel for with the common knowledge came greed for power and greatness above the Great Counsel. Division and war came about as the prophets lost the common knowledge of the one truth and respect for the Great Counsel as they twisted it into what gave them more power. Thus the Great Counsel no longer assisted the greedy man and woman, and with Them, They took the magickal gifts once was available into another realm only to be accessed by those who truly believe and respect the knowledge of the Great Counsel.

The counsel members have worked far and wide building temples and pyramids to honor the Great Counsel and offer a portal of transportation for knowledge of education. The Great Counsel has stood beside the human civilization watching it grow in love, truth, trust, yet the human fell short on these goals. Even our most popular apostles came to bring this message of love, honesty, trust, and peace yet the efforts were met with a swift hand of justice of those in power that wish to appose. Hypathia was a perfect example of a scholar just trying to figure things out in this new world mathematically, and as so many then and after met the same fate of percussion. I ask you what is it that those who do not understand wish to destroy? The very foundation of the magickal realm.

THE GREAT MYSTERY
Original Source

Original Source of Creation, 
The Void of All That is, 
Thank you for the breath of life, 
Thank you for my gifts.
Eternal Mystery, touch my heart, 
In beauty may I walk.
Sacred Mystery, be my guide, 
So I may Walk my Talk.
Infinite Source, remain with me, 
So I may always know, 
The warmth of your Eternal Flame, 
Deep within my sole.

*** The Teaching*** (My Native Teachings) 

The Original Source of Creation is called Great Mystery by Native Americans. Great Mystery, called Swenio in our Seneca tongue, cannot be limited and is the Creator of Great spirit.
Many native people also call upon the Great Spirit when praying; however, these are two different things in our Seneca Tradition. The Great Mystery lives in everything, is everything, and encompasses everything in Creation. Being the Original Source of Creation, Great Mystery created all things in beauty, harmony, and interdependence. Each facet of Creation was, is, and will always be. The forms may change, but the energy of Creation is self-regenerative and eternal. Inside of this infinite Creation that is the Great Mystery, there is a Vibral Core, or primal energy source that is the Great Spirit, or creative principle. The two are different. Both Great Mystery and Great Spirit are individually complete, unique, and independent of each other.

Great Mystery created Great Spirit to direct the creative flow of the Uniworlds, which include all universes, all levels of consciousness, all understanding, and all life. The key for the seekers who wish to know the answers of the Void is that the Great Mystery does not need to be solved! As we explore and discover the Mystery further, we learn that more is centered and allowed to evolve. Trying to figure out all the answers to the Great Mystery is foolish and impossible because we are part of the infinite, progressive Creation.

These concepts were alien to the Boat People who came from Europe to the shores of Turtle Island. When these White Eyes began to understand the languages of Native Americans and tried to conceptualize Indian understandings regarding Great Mystery, the limits of their religions blocked their paths of knowing. The white idea of God was rather primitive in that most Europeans believed that God was more or less human with many extra abilities. 

The Red Race was more expansive and all encompassing in their in their views of the Original source of Creation. Native Americans had been taught through more than a hundred thousand years of oral history that all of Creation and each individual life form were an expression of and contained Great Mystery. A part of Great Mystery lives in everything and knows no boundaries or limits. Every life form has free will to co-create with the Original Source in beauty and truth or in ugliness or despair.

The Eastern Tribes of Native America tried to communicate the understanding of Great Mystery without success to the French trappers who were among the first to learn sign language and some Native tongues. The concept of all life coming from the Thought World, which is the Spirit world, then being manifested in the physical forms on the Earth Mother was not fully understood. Since these concepts were limited by the Christian backgrounds of the settlers, the Original Source was interpreted by the Boat People as one Great Spirit equal to the white idea of God. The joke among Native People is that according to the white understanding, “In the beginning was the word…. and it was misunderstood.”

This misunderstanding of the Great Mystery was handed on to the descendents of the Red Race when they were forced to learn the English language in boarding schools. My Grams was forced to got to one of these boarding schools and forbidden to speak her Native tongue. But all the Native children spoke softly in the night of the old beliefs just to keep the Great Mystery alive for future generations such as myself years later. The unfortunate use of Great Spirit as the term for all of Great Mystery has created a limited use of native wisdom even among Native Americans. 

Every life form has one common mission as well as their individual ones. Each life form is created to learn to be an equal contributor to the beauty of the whole. The purpose of the common mission is to discover who you are, why you are here, what talents you can used to assist the whole, and how you are going to go about it. This mission of discovery is the Sacred Path of beauty that allows every living creature to express uniqueness in a way that exemplifies harmony and truth.

The human race is the only one of All Our Relations that has lost the inner-knowing about its purpose. The Two-leggeds have been given much assistance by the Great Mystery since they must answer the questions of the common mission before understanding the value of their individual missions. This assistance has come in the form of teachers who are All Our Relations.

The common misunderstanding that frightened the missionaries who came to “save” Native America was that the Red Race was a PAGAN RACE. I suppose since American Indians did not acknowledge Jesus, the common consensus was that the Red Race was Primitive, Savage, and Pagan in orientation. 

From the Native point of view, Great mystery is ALL. The aspects of Creation that are manifested by Great mystery are sacred parts of the whole that are here to serve and be honored in that service. Native Americans do not worship idols, but use Sacred Medicine Objects of their Totems as reminders of the Relations assisting their evolution on this Earth Walk.

The Red Race sees Great Mystery as the life force in all of Creation and not as an ‘angry or jealous god’. Great Spirit is seen as an unlimited creative force within Great Mystery that feeds all of Creation, all the time. Nothing in Seneca Wisdom limits Great Mystery or Great Spirit to gender, form, texture, color, or intent. All creations are part of Great Mystery’s whole, just as every cell in the human body has a different function and yet, together, those cells make up a carbon combustion unit that houses a spirit with a unique identity. 

All human ideas are birthed from spirit inside the human body, are fed to the brain, and then acted upon the will of the total being. All ideas in Creation come from Great Mystery, are gathered by Great Spirit, and then are used to feed the rest of Creation. To limit the power of Creation in ourselves or in others is a human concept. If we acknowledge the limitlessness of Great Mystery, we must acknowledge that life force is also a part of our makeup because that same Original Source creates us.

[Thanks to the combined brilliant works of Jamie Sams-1951, My Grams, Miakoda, meaning Power of the Moon-1959, and my Air wolfs’ personal reflections-1969 year of Gram Miakoda’s next Earth Walk. Translated into English written word. 2011.]

Blessings, Grams, for keeping the Great Mystery alive in my life so I too can share with those who wish to understand.

The Great Counsel watches from afar throughout the centuries as the ones who created their own knowledge in order too control others with designs of power and greed stopped those who believed in the old way. This saddened the Great Counsel as to what will become of this new colony. Will they ever again believe in the one true magick?

~~~We Wait For Those Who Truly Believe To Come Back~~~
Airwolf Copyright © 04162012




Footnotes: 
Airwolf Copyright © 04162012


Copyright: Airwolf Copyright © 04162012


 

ABOUT... 

Elder Airwolf

Location: Coeur d' Alene, Idaho

Website: http:www, legionofpagans.com



Other Listings: To view ALL of my listings: Click HERE



Email Elder Airwolf... (Yes! I have opted to receive invites to Pagan events, groups, and commercial sales)

To send a private message to Elder Airwolf ... 

What is your position in the pack?

You Scored as Alpha Wolf
You are an ALPHA WOLF. You stand tall and are recognized by your followers. You are the leader, dominant, strong and intelligent. You are in charge and make sure that it is known. Despite the way you show your emotions towards others, you really do care for your pack.

http://quizfarm.com/quizzes/new/ilstudawg/where-do-you-rank-in-the-wolf-pack/#
Alpha Wolf 
75%
Gamma Wolf 
58%
Beta Delia Wolf2%
Omega Wolf 
8%

Hypathia

Hypatia
Goddess of Magic, Grace of the Silver Nimbus, Primal Azure Phoenix
Intermediate Deity
Symbol: Golden Book
Home Plane: Bytopia
Alignment: Neutral good
Portfolio: Knowledge, Magic
Worshipers: Arcane spellcasters
Cleric Alignments: LG, NG, CG, LN, TN
Domains: Dweomer, Knowledge, Magic, Rune
Favored Weapon: Quarterstaff

Hypatia is portrayed as a very beautiful woman with a cloak that is fashioned from peacock feathers. She is the daughter of Cerrydwen and is one of the most powerful spellcasters among the imperial pantheon. While a goddess of good alignment she does appreciate all spellcasters regardless of alignment. Those that have meet the goddess describe her as being very serious minded and not at all vain (she is rarely seen laughing or having an enjoyable time and those that compare their beauty to the goddess be they mortal or immortal have never been struck down). 

Dogma
Hypatia is the patron of those who work 'white' magic and those seekers of knowledge. She loves the creation of magic items and the researching of spells never seen before. One proverb among her followers is: 'It is a gift to be able to wield magic, but take wisdom to know when to use magic'. Some evil wizards that practice petty acts of evil (i.e., their actions do not result in destruction of countries or loss of innocent life) give homage to Hypatia in hopes that the magic items they create and new spells they research draw her attention.

Clergy and Temples
Hypatia's temples are few; it is far more common to find a small shrine to her in a library that is open to the public, in a school of wizardry, or in an individual wizard's home. When one does find a temple dedicated to Hypatia it is a huge building with many books where not only priests reside within, but also wizards and experts that have taken many knowledge skills (better known as sages). Temples of Hypatia serve as a place where arcane spellcasters can receive healing spells, usually without too much scrutiny…for a donation of course. When a temple is established archmages of various backgrounds come from great distances bringing donations to help in its creation. As such, a temple is likely to have many golems, magical wards and the like. 
Priests dress in white clothing with trim of lavender and dark blue and adorn themselves with much silver jewelry. Many of the priests are cleric/wizards, with many of them becoming lore masters. A few select and very powerful become Azure Phoenixes. 

Hypatia
Mage 20/Azure Phoenix 25th
Medium-Size Outsider
Divine Rank: 11
Hit Dice: 20d8+200 (outsider) plus 20d4+200 (Wiz) plus 25d4+250 (Azr) (990hp)
Initiative: +10 (+10 Dex)
Speed: 60 Ft.
AC: 87 (+10 Dex, +11 divine, +35 natural, +10 bracers of armor, +11 deflection)
Attacks +10 ghost touched fiery blast quarterstaff +72/+67/+62/+57 melee, or spell +62 melee touch or +64 range touch.
Damage: +10 ghost touched fiery blast quarterstaff 1d6+18/20, or spell.
Face/Reach: 5ft by 5ft/5ft
Special Attacks: Domain powers, salient divine abilities, spell-like abilities
Special Qualities: Divine immunities, DR 46/+4 (11/—), sonic resistance 31, fast healing 31, fire immunity, understand, speak, and read all languages and speak directly to all beings within 11 miles, remote communication, godly realm,teleport without error at will, plane shift at will, SR 43, divine aura (1,100ft., DC 32)
Saves: Fort +65, Ref +65, Will +64
Abilities: Str 26 Dex 30 Con 30 Int 40 Wis 29 cha 32
Skills: Alchemy +94, Appraise +48, Balance +43, Bluff +47, Climb +29, Concentration +89, Craft (calligraphy) +45, Diplomacy +55, Disguise +46, Escape Artist +31, Forgery +32, Gather Information +42, Handle Animal +32, Heal +40, Hide +43, Innuendo +31, Intimidate +32, Jump +39, Knowledge (arcana) +94, Knowledge (religion) +93, Knowledge (the planes) +94, Knowledge (wildspace) +93, Listen +54, Move Silently +43, Perform +41, Profession (scribe) +53, Profession (herbalist) +53, Ride +41, Scry +94, Search +46, Sense Motive +53, Spellcraft +94, Spot +69, Swim +39, Tumble +41, Wilderness Lore +40.
Feats: Additional Magic Item Space [extra ring], Alertness, Brew Potion, Craft Arms and Armor, Craft Epic Arms and Armor, Craft Epic Wondrous Item, Craft Rod, Craft Staff, Craft Wand, Craft Wondrous Item, Eschew Materials, Efficient Item Creation, Enhance Spell, Epic Spell Penetration, Forge Epic Ring, Forge Ring, Greater Spell Penetration, Heighten Spell, Ignore Material Components, Improved Combat Casting, Improved Metamagic, Improved Spell Capacity (x3), Maximize Spell, Multispell, Quicken Spell, Scribe Scroll, Spell Mastery, Spell Penetration, Still Spell. 

Divine Immunities: Ability damage, ability drain, acid, cold, death effects, disease, disintegration, electricity, energy drain, mind affecting effects, paralysis, poison, sleep, stunning, transmutation, imprisonment, banishment.
Salient Divine Abilities: Alter Form, Alter Reality, Alter Size, Arcane Mastery, Craft Artifact, Divine Blast, Divine Celerity, Divine Fast Healing (31 hit points per round), Extra Domain (rune), Increased Energy Resistance (sonic), Instant Counter Spell, Rejuvenation, See Magic, Silvery Nimbus †.
Domain Powers: Gain 3 additional cantrips to cast per day beyond what is assigned by level of caster, Hypatia can also cast choose to cast orisons in place of cantrips.
Spell-Like Abilities: Hypatia uses these abilities as a 21st level caster. The save DCs are 32 + spell level. Absorption, analyze dweomer, antimagic field, clairaudience/clairvoyance, detect secret doors, detect thoughts, discern location, dispel magic, divination, Drawmij's instant summons, dweomerdeny, erase, explosive runes, find the path, foresight, glyph of warding, greater glyph of warding, Hypatia's aura of protection, Hypatia's nimbus, Hypatia's silvery blast, identify, imbue with spell ability, legend lore, lesser planar binding, Mordenkainen's Disjunction, Nystul's undetectable aura, permanency, protection from spells, secret page, spell resistance, spell turning, spellstrike, symbol, teleportation circle, true seeing.
Wizard Spells/Day: (Levels 0-12): 7/8/8/8/7/7/7/7/6/6/3/3/2
Possessions: Hypatia's crystal staff is a +10 quarterstaff that combines a rod of absorption and rod of greater maximization. She also has in her possession the following: Epic Bracers of Armor +10, Epic Cloak of Resistance +10, and 8 rings (with her additional magic item space she will typically have the following rings: Djinni Calling, Epic Wizardry VIII, Epic Wizardry IX, Evasion, Sequestering, Spell Storing, Spell Turning, Telekinesis).
Silvery Nimbus (unique salient divine ability): With but a thought Hypatia can choose to bring into existence as a free action a luminescent silvery nimbus that hovers slightly above the back of her head. While this silver nimbus floats above her head she is immune to vile and corrupt damage. The silvery nimbus remains till Hypatia dismisses it.

Other Divine Powers
As an intermediate deity, Hypatia automatically receives a die result of 20 on any check. She treats a 1 on a saving throw or attack roll normally and not as an automatic failure. She is immortal.
Senses: Hypatia can see, hear, touch, and smell at a distance of eleven miles. As a stand action, she can perceive anything within eleven miles of her worshippers, holy sites, objects, or any locations where one of her titles or name was spoken in the last hour. She can extend her senses up to ten locations at once. She can block the sensing power of deities of her rank or lower at up to two remote locations at once for 11 hours.
Portfolio Sense: Hypatia senses the casting of any spell, the creation of any magic item, and the researching of magical spell the instant it happens, and she retains the sensation for eleven weeks after the event occurs.
Automatic Actions: Hypatia can use Alchemy, Knowledge (arcana), Knowledge (architecture and engineering), Knowledge (history), Knowledge (local), Knowledge (religion), Knowledge (the planes), Profession (herbalist), Scry or Spellcraft as a free action if the DC for the task is 25 or lower. Hypatia can perform up to ten such free actions each round.
Create Magic Items: Hypatia can create any kind of magic item, as long as the item's market price does not exceed 200,000 gp. Where she has the item creation feat pertaining to the item she wishes to create, the cost (in gold and XP) and creation times are halved. 

Avatars
Hypatia's avatars are predominately female, but one should never assume that the powerful male human archmage cannot be Hypatia in disguise. While she can wear a wide array of clothing and style (this includes hair color as well), in her most common attire is that of a white robe with lavender and dark blue trim, and wearing much silver jewelry with expensive gems. Above her head is a brightly luminescent silvery nimbus. 
{Avatar of Hypatia: As Hypatia except divine rank 5; AC 78 (touch 49, flat-footed 68); Atk +61/+56/+51/+46 (1d6+13/20 +5 ghost touched flaming crystal staff) or spell +56 melee touch or +58 ranged touch; SQ DR 38/+4 (11/—), sonic resistance 25, SR 37, divine aura (500 ft., DC 26); SV Fort +64, Ref +64, Will +63; all skill are reduced by 6.
Salient Divine Abilities: Alter Form, Alter Size, Arcane Mastery, Divine Fast Healing (25 hit points per round), Instant Counter Spell, Silvery Nimbus †. † Unique ability, described above.
Spell-Like Abilities: Caster level: 15th; saving throw DC 26 + spell level. 

Dweomer Domain
Deities: Hypatia
Granted Powers: The cleric may cast an additional three orisons per day, and she may select her orisons from the arcane cantrip lists in addition to her own orison list. 

Dweomer Domain Spells
 

1st Hypatia's Aura of Protection. Aura grants +2 luck bonus to AC and saving throws.
2nd Identify. Determines single feature of magic item.
3rd Hypatia's Silvery Blast 1d4 divine damage per level to single target.
4th Hypatia's Nimbus. Invoke a nimbus about a target's head; target can cast spells without somatic, verbal and possibly without material components for a few rounds.
5th Permanency. Makes certain spells permanent; costs XP.
6th Analyze Dweomer Reveals magical aspects of subject.
7th Dweomerdeny. Banishes a spell from a targets mind and comprehension of said spell forever.
8th Absorption. Spells (and spell-like effects) targeted against you are absorbed and their energy stored until you release this energy in spells of your own.
9th Spellstrike. Negate the effect of a spell cast in either the previous or current round.



Conversion of Old Spells and New Spells 

Dweomerdeny
Enchantment (Compulsion) [Mind-Affecting]
Level: Dweomer 7, Sor/Wiz 8
Components: V and S
Casting Time: 1 action
Range: Touch
Target: One spellcaster
Duration: Instantaneous
Saving Throw: Will to negate
Spell Resistance: Yes 

This spell banishes a particular spell forever from the mind and comprehension of a spellcasting being. To enact it, the caster touches the target creature while speaking an incantation. If the recipient is not a spellcaster, the spell is wasted.
If the saving throw succeeds, the chosen spell vanished from the mind of the target if it currently memorized. The spell is lost, but the target takes no harm. If no such spell is in memory, the spell has no effect at all. The spell targeted may be specific, known, and named, or just whatever magic was used to produce a particular spell effect that the caster of the dweomerdeny has personally witnessed.
If the saving throw fails, all memory of the spell is gone forever, both any currently memorized enchantments and all memories of learning them and using them. Moreover, the victim's mind is never able to comprehend the particular spell again. It cannot be learned, memorized, or even read from a scroll by the victim. Limited wish, restoration, and wish spells are the only known ways of reversing this loss.
A dweomerdeny works only against a specific spell, not against all spells of a school or type. For instance, it could be cast so as to prevent a wizard from using fireball, but that prohibition would not extend to burning hands or meteor swarm. 

Hypatia's Aura of Protection
Abjuration
Level: Dweomer 1
Components: V, S and F
Casting Time: 1 action
Range: Personal
Target: You
Duration: 2 minute /level
Saving Throw: None
Spell Resistance: Yes

This spell is cast the priest is surrounded by a sparkling translucent aura of one of the following colors: dark blue, lavender, or silver. This aura grants the priest a +2 AC luck bonus and a +2 luck bonus to saving throws.
Arcane Focus: A pair of silver bracelets each set with amethysts and sapphires valued at a minimum of 250 gp each. 

Hypatia's Nimbus
Transmutation
Level: Dweomer 4
Components: None
Casting Time: 1 action
Range: Close (25 ft. + 5 ft./2 levels)
Target: One spellcasting creature
Duration: See text
Saving Throw: None
Spell Resistance: Yes

By sheer willpower and faith the priest invokes this spell and forms a circular radiant aura about the head of the priest or chosen spellcasting creature at the beginning of the next round. The spellcasting creature that has Hypatia's Nimbus upon them may then invoke spells from their memory by sheer force of will, not requiring verbal, somatic or material components. Only the stipulation is that spells that normally require material components that exceed the value of 200-gp still require the material components in order to be invoked. The duration of Hypatia's Nimbus and the hue of light that radiates from the Nimbus varies by the moral outlook of the creature. 
 

Moral Outlook
 
Hue of
Of Creature
Duration
Nimbus
Any Good
5 rounds
Silver
Any Neutral
2 rounds
Lavender
Any Evil
1 round
Dark Blue


Hypatia's Silvery Blast
Evocation [Divine]
Level: Dweomer 3
Components: V, S and F
Casting Time: 1 action
Range: Close (25 ft. + 5 ft./2 levels)
Target: One creature
Duration: Instantaneous
Saving Throw: None
Spell Resistance: Yes 

When the priest cast this spell she unleashes a blast of silvery energy that inflicts 1d4-hit points of damage per level of caster to a maximum of 10d4 points of damage. This energy is divine in origin and no known means to resist its effects.
Arcane Focus: A platinum ring, minimum value of 300-gp 

Spellstrike
Abjuration
Level: Dweomer 9, Sor/Wiz 9
Components: V
Casting Time: 1 action
Range: Close (25 ft. + 5 ft./2 levels)
Target: See text
Duration: Instantaneous
Saving Throw: None
Spell Resistance: No 

This extremely powerful spell represents the height of the Abjurer's craft; it permits the caster to negate the effect of a spell caster to negate the effect of a spell cast in either the previous round or the round that the spellstrike is cast.
The caster of the spellstrike does not need to know the type of spell or magic cast the previous round, only some part of its effect. The spellstrike can be used against one particular spell per casting.
Spellstrike does not cause a spell to be reflected, turned, trapped, or sent elsewhere. The spell merely ceases to exist, retroactively, though it is still lost to the original caster. Even spell-like abilities are affected by the spell, though magical items and artifacts are not. Permanency is affected by spellstrike, though contingency, limited wish, and wish is not. 

Goddess Hypatian Created by ©2003, Mark Doolan

Wolf Moon Ritual

Full Moon of January ~ The Wolf Moon
 

From the Latin Januarius, honoring Janus, a Roman God. The Anglo-Saxons called it Aefter-Yule, and prior to that, Wolf-monat. In January, our ancestors gathered close to the hearth fire, and the silence of falling snow was often broken by the sound of howling wolves. Driven by hunger, wolves ventured closer to villages in search of food.

Ritual Verses for the Full Moon of January  
by Polly Taskey 

You may wish to incorporate these verses into the 9 Basic Ritual Steps when conducting Full Moon Rituals. You may also want to include a Charge of the Goddess.

"Goddess of this wintry night, I honor You in my Full Moon rite
as I stand between the worlds to share, communion with The Lady Fair.
From around the globe Your children call, miles apart yet One with All.
Hear my words in the echoing sound, as I welcome You in my circle round.

I call to You North with Your grounding ways, lend earthly strength to my pagan ways;
I call to You East with Your airy breath, transform the stale to new and fresh;
I call to You South with Your energy, may your fiery rays burn steadily;
I call to You West with Your fluid motion, guide psychic abilities and emotions.

As the days of January lengthen, let the hearth be warm and families strengthened.
May our forest Friends find solace too, from icy blasts and lack of food.
When wolves are howling on the rise, let us rejoice in our family ties;
for the wolf is our model - our spirited friend - a reminder to stay with our pack to the end.

May hearts be glad from deep within – knowing All is kith and kin:
the strangers and friends who freely gave their gifts of care through winter days;
the rocks and woods and frozen streams; the stars above the chilly breeze;
the newborn God and resting Mother; We're forever bound to One Another.

(Magical Workings, Requests, Thanks, Cakes and Ale) 

I release the quarters one by one, now that my ritual is done;
Farewell to North, East, South, and West; thank You for honoring my request.
Goddess of soothing silvery light, thank You for attending on this night.
My circle is open, never broken; magic wishes fulfilled, the words have been spoken."
______________________________________________________

Wolf Moon 01/15/2014

Full Moon of January ~ The Wolf Moon

From the Latin Januarius, honoring Janus, a Roman God. The Anglo-Saxons called it Aefter-Yule, and prior to that, Wolf-monat. In January, our ancestors gathered close to the hearth fire, and the silence of falling snow was often broken by the sound of howling wolves. Driven by hunger, wolves ventured closer to villages in search of food.

Ritual Verses for the Full Moon of January  
by Polly Taskey 
You may wish to incorporate these verses into the 9 Basic Ritual Steps when conducting Full Moon Rituals. You may also want to include a Charge of the Goddess.

"Goddess of this wintry night, I honor You in my Full Moon rite
as I stand between the worlds to share, communion with The Lady Fair.
From around the globe Your children call, miles apart yet One with All.
Hear my words in the echoing sound, as I welcome You in my circle round.

I call to You North with Your grounding ways, lend earthly strength to my pagan ways;
I call to You East with Your airy breath, transform the stale to new and fresh;
I call to You South with Your energy, may your fiery rays burn steadily;
I call to You West with Your fluid motion, guide psychic abilities and emotions.

As the days of January lengthen, let the hearth be warm and families strengthened.
May our forest Friends find solace too, from icy blasts and lack of food.
When wolves are howling on the rise, let us rejoice in our family ties;
for the wolf is our model - our spirited friend - a reminder to stay with our pack to the end.

May hearts be glad from deep within – knowing All is kith and kin:
the strangers and friends who freely gave their gifts of care through winter days;
the rocks and woods and frozen streams; the stars above the chilly breeze;
the newborn God and resting Mother; We're forever bound to One Another.

(Magical Workings, Requests, Thanks, Cakes and Ale) 

I release the quarters one by one, now that my ritual is done;
Farewell to North, East, South, and West; thank You for honoring my request.
Goddess of soothing silvery light, thank You for attending on this night.
My circle is open, never broken; magic wishes fulfilled, the words have been spoken."
______________________________________________________

Celtic Even in the WA st. Area

For those Celts in the WA state area......event!

Good afternoon Donna:



Back by popular demand, it’s our 22st Robert Burns Scottish Evening! I’m sending this “last call” e-mail to our Celtic Arts Foundation friends and members, as we want to be sure you have EVERY opportunity for your seasonal allocation of Haggis! The program includes some Burns poetry, live Scottish music, Highland dancers and more!



Here are the details:



What: 22nd annual Robert Burns Scottish Evening

When: Saturday, January 18, 2014, social hour starts at 5:30, dinner and program to follow

Where: Hillcrest Lodge, Mount Vernon, WA



Tickets prices for the dinner and entire program have been reduced – only $50 each, and may be purchased online from our website, or please feel free to call us at 360-416-4934 or toll free 1-888-416-4934 to order over the phone.



I hope you can join us for this wonderful celebration!



Skye



p.s. Don’t forget that our Mastery of Scottish Arts Concert at Pantages Theater on Friday, February 7th, 2014 as well. Celtic Arts Foundation members receive special pricing and preferred seating for this incredible concert!



Skye K. Richendrfer

Executive Director, Celtic Arts Foundation

PO Box 1342

Mount Vernon, WA 98273

360-416-4934 www.celticarts.org

Goddess Diana

Goddess Diana

Diana . . . The Roman Goddess was known by many names including Queen of Heaven; the Great Goddess; Lunar Virgin; Mother of Animals; Lady of Wild Creatures; and the Huntress. Diana as the Roman Moon-Goddess was originally worshipped on the mountain Tifata near Capua and in sacred forests. Later she was given a temple in the working-class area on the Aventine Hill where she was mainly worshipped by the lower class (plebeians) and the slaves, of whom she was the patroness. She is often depicted carrying a bow and arrow and wearing animal skins or accompanied by animals.

When the Greek city of Ephesus fell to Roman rule, Goddess Diana was merged with the Greek Goddess Artemis. This is most likely due to the fact that around the time of the Roman empire, Romans would allow the places they over took to continue worshipping their own Gods and Goddesses, incorporating those Goddesses into the Roman Pantheon. Artemis and Diana were worshipped at the same times historically and when the Great Greek Temple of Artemis was destroyed the Romans rebuilt it in honor of Diana and the myth of Goddess Diana of Ephesus began.

Stories of Goddess Diana are told form the beginning of Troy to the Christian Bible of King James in the scriptures of Acts and the gospels of Paul.

"Acts|19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth. 

 

Acts|19:28 And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians."

The multi-breasted statue of Diana at Her Temple in Ephesus displayed her capability to nourish all creatures and provide for them. Worshippers adored Goddess Diana so much that the only way the Christians could rid the people of their Goddess was by assimilating her into their new religion. Thus Ephesus became a place of Mary, Mother of God. The church even invented stories of Mary living at Ephesus and being entombed there.

In Babylonia, and in the nation of Assyria, she was known as "ISHTAR" The Phoenicians called her "ASTARTE". The Israelites knew her as "ASHTORETH".

Diana was also the goddess of the Latin commonwealth where She rule with Her brother Lucifer. Lucifer being a Latin word for “Light Bringer”.

In Italy the old religion of Stergheria embraced goddess Diana as Queen of the Witches. Witches being the wise women healers of the time. Goddess Diana created the world of her own being having in herself the seeds of all creation yet to come. It is said that out of herself she divided into the darkness and the light, keeping for herself the darkness of creation and creating her brother Lucifer, the light. Goddess Diana loved and ruled with her brother Lucifer, the god of the Sun and Moon. As time went on, the Earth was created and Diana descended to Earth, as did her brother Lucifer. Diana taught magick and witches were born. One night using witchcraft in the form of a cat, His most beloved animal, Diana tricked Lucifer. She gained entrance to His chamber where She seduced Him. From this union a daughter was born. Goddess Aradia. In other versions of this myth we find the similarities the Christain tales take as their own in attempts to dispel the Goddess. The first being, Lucifer who is so proud of his beauty, and who for his pride is driven from the Paradise of Goddess as is the tale of Lucifer falling from Gods grace. The second being Goddess Diana also sends Her daughter Aradia to live as a mortal and save the misfortunate people of Earth as does God send His son Jesus to live as a mortal and save the people.

As pagans my sisters, Goddess Diana is the eternal Mother of all creation, the first that is and the last that will be. She is the Huntress of the forest seeking means of survival. She is the call of the wild, the beating heart of the forests, the animal spirit within, urging us to remember our origins. She awakens nature within us that we remember to feel the rustling wind through our hair, to hear the howling of a wolf or the echo of a voice in the forest. Goddess Diana calls to us to let our animal essence out and hone our inherent sensibilities. Dance and sing to the moon, run until our heart pounds to the top of a hill, to take a swim in a creek, roll around in the grass as we once did as a children, or just gaze upon the stars in wonderment; knowing all the while that Goddess Diana is within us, sharing sharing our journey.

As with the Christian invasion into the old religion , we too are told as women what is right and wrong. We are told what is the correct thinking to blend into a society that denies us our truth. Not tonight my sisters, tonight we pray to the Goddess Diana that you never forget the wonders of creation, the joy of being alive, and the importance of being a woman. Tonight we pray to GoddessDiana to be filled with Her strength to survive the challenges that would steal our dreams. under Her Full Moon we are alive in Her reflection. As a Circle of women we pray to Goddess Diana to grants us development and change within ourselves. As we embrace Her energy that is the vibrations of the universe that lives within us let the hunt begin. Let us seek out and tame the resources that is the beast and the forest of our lives. As goddess Diana let us be the huntress of our path. Tonight as women we say “Great is the Goddess Diana and Great is the Goddess in Me”.

 

Goddess Diana Empowerment Ritual

The Altar will be prepared and adorned to honor Goddess Diana

H P- JourneyMother- Moon FoxCrone-Silver Wind Hand Maiden-KambrielleSummoner-?East Watchtower - ?South Watchtower- ?West Watchtower-?North Watchtower- ?

 

Summonersage all that enter Circle"Do you come in perfect love and perfect trust?" 

 

Maidenbless and dedicate all with Goddess Diana's Oil and pentacle over third eye chakra "Sister to Sister we share this circle" 

 

all will cast circle 

 

The High Priestess Speaks

 

Summoner"Goddess Diana's Story"

 

HPI AM called Diana, the Bright One and the Mother Flame. I am Diana the Great of Ephesus. I am Diana Artemis, great hunter and protector of all that is wild and free. I am Diana Selene whose golden hair gives light to the Moon. From the smallest of the brethren on the Earth and of the Nature kingdom all the way to those mighty elementals that serve Creation - I am the Mother." "I send before you many teachers that have earned a Threefold Flame, they will be wise indeed and know all the secrets of the mysteries. They will work to teach the ways of the light and life eternal.. Thus, when these who are higher up on the scale of the Hierarchy of Our Bands perceive your gentleness, yet your firmness, and your ability to marshal the forces of elementals for good works, they will be open to you. Learn well my lessons and realize that an initiations passed will accord you ascension unto me. " "In my Circle you have gathered and tonight I speak to you - awaken and know that you are your own worst enemy. It is you who allow doubt to deny me within. I say to thee my daughter that a house divided against itself cannot stand, and that you understand that the reason it cannot stand is because the foundation has no support from any Goddess-Manifestation until this problem of the psyche be solved. For one who is a divided house has not yet entered the path of oneness with me. And the one who so allows her Earthly body to divide her right and left, or her karma or her psychology, should know that this is true. Realize my daughter, this may be the root cause of your not going forward on your Path as you can and as you should." "Hear me now and know that, at this moment as always I am thee and thee are me. It is a only a matter of your determined will. If you will summon me forth through true mind, heart and spirit, you will be filled with the mysteries of time eternal . When one is awaken to Goddess with in, one becomes the Master of their path, resolution and harmony are your rewards.East(Goddess Speak to Me author unknown) A girl whispered "Goddess, speak to me" And a meadowlark sang but the girl did not hear. So the girl yelled "Goddess speak to me!" And the thunder rolled across the sky. But the girl did not listen. The girl looked around and said "Goddess let me see you" And a star shone brightly. But the girl did not notice. And the girl shouted "Goddess show me a miracle" And a life was born. But the girl did not know. So, the girl cried out in despair. "Touch me Goddess and let me know that you are here!" Where upon Goddess reached down and touched the girl. But the girl brushed the butterfly away and walked on.MAIDEN(We are Witches by Kambrielle) We are strong, sexy, and proud. We walk with our heads held high, confidence in our strides, and power in our wake. Others watch us and want to be us, unable to comprehend how we can be so cool. Sometimes, people are intimidated. We are women. We are Witches. But we still are human. Every moment of our lives is a lesson. There is something to be learned from every action and every re-action. We still cry, hurt, bleed. But we also laugh, rejoice, dance, and sing. With the Goddess within us, without us, around us, we are able to be strong, even when the world tries to tear us down. We allow no one to break us down with their insecurities, hatred, ignorance, greed. We understand that to pretend to be better than someone to bring ourselves up only hurts ourselves and those around us. We do not pretend, instead, we live our truth, and the truth of the Goddess. She is in our every step, thought, every word that escapes our lips. To spread negativity is to insult Her sacred system. So while we are strong, filled with Her power, we are also human and humble, and vow to walk in her truth every day, with every action we take upon ourselves to commit. We are women of the Goddess. We are Witches.All will chant(Ancient Goddess by Abigail Spinner) Smiling Virgin, shining crescent Waxing fullness, luminescent Sickle of silver, reaper of bone Maiden, Mother and Crone Maiden, Mother and Crone Ancient Goddess, daughter of moonlight Ancient Goddess, mother of stone Ancient Goddess, keeper of midnight Maiden, Mother and Crone Maiden, Mother and Crone SouthWe feel a sadness we cannot name. Though we have accomplished much of what we have set out to do we sense something is missing in our lives and - fruitlessly - search "out there" for the answers. What is missing is we are disconnected from our authentic sense of self. Mother(Witchy Woman by Moon Fox) I can see it in your eyes, You're as strong as I surmised, But do you know it? Do you know you have the strength? Do you know the power's yours? Witchy Woman. You can use it if you like, It's your gift and it's your right, Use it wisely, Witchy Woman. Mother Nature is your guide, She will show you wrong from right, Feel the power, it's your connection I can see it in your eyes, You're as strong as I surmised, But do you know it? There's a goddess and a queen, Deep inside your living soul, Treat her kindly, Witchy Woman. She will never lead you wrong, She is only light and truth, Listen closely, she has the answers. It's not hard to hear her speak, Listen closesly every day, Intuition, that's her language. I can see it in your eyes, You're as strong as I surmised, But do you know it, Witchy Woman? All will chant (Behold There is Magick by Abbi Spinner) Behold there is magic all around you, Behold there is magic all around you, Behold there is magic all around you Awaken, rejoice and sing! I am the Air around you, I am the breath of life within you, I am the wind blowing through you I am all that I am I am the Fire around you, I am the spark of life within you, I am the flame burning through you I am all that I am I am the Water around you, I am the pulse of life within you, I am the ocean flowing through you I am all that I am I am the Earth around you, I am the heartbeat within you, I am the ground below you I am all that I am I am the Spirit around you, I am divinity within you, I am the light shining through you I am all that I am Behold there is magic all around you, Behold there is magic all around you, Behold there is magic all around you Awaken, rejoice and sing! Awaken, rejoice and sing! WestWe often live our lives backwards. We try to have more things or more money in order to do more of what we want so that we will be happier. It is our need to controll, to suppress and to instill unnatural ruules that is not living in harmony. Our memory must rekindle the universal knowledge within us to follow the natural cycles and divine order of Mother. We must first be who we really are, then do what we need to do, in order to have harvest our true path. Crone(Who Am I by Silver Wind) Breath of life into my soul, Awakening all that lies deep within, Who am I to deny where my destiny lies. I see myself in shadow, a life long ago, Where hurt turned into madness and Inconsolable pain turned to wrath. Light into darkness, changing the world, As I knew it and creating a monster of hate Within all I touched and could not love. Power beyond reckoning to hurt as I had been. But now as my karmic path unfolds a twist In this tale now begins From madness to love, Turn chaos to peace, Healing the monster I once unleashed For Her light now shines forth Guiding me along my way, to heal Those who hurt with love A power beyond reckoning, turning the tide. Becoming the witch I have been called to be Who am I to deny where my destiny lies." All will chant (We Shall Rise author unknown) We are alive as the Earth is alive. We have the power to create our freedom. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the sun we shall rise. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the Moon we shall rise. We are alive as the Earth is alive. We have the power to create our freedom. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the sun we shall rise. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the Moon we shall rise. We are alive as the Earth is alive. We have the power to create our freedom. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the sun we shall rise. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the Moon we shall rise. We are alive as the Earth is alive. We have the power to create our freedom. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the sun we shall rise. We have the courage, we are the healers. Like the Moon we shall rise. NorthMy life as a woman now flows with the cycles of Mother Earth. I am part of Mother and She is me. I have opened up my mind, my heart, and my feminine potential to be the Goddess of my kingdom. In reflection of Mother Earth and the Goddess Diana I too begin the hunt. I shall gather my resources from the forest that is life. i shall not tarry but be quick with my spiritual bow to take what I need that my harvest know fruitation. All One by One all will stand at the Altar and claim their strenght to began the hunt. They will state their name and game. They will summon the energies of the Wise Ones to aid their hunt and they shall promise fruitation of their harvest.Celebration of Circle

 

Wine & Cake Blessed Be this Cake and Wine,the Body and the Blood of the MotherMay You never hunger (passes bread) Blessed Be.May You never thirst (passes wine) Blessed Be. HP Gracious Goddess as we close our circle we ask that our path always be in your light. All All give personal thanks to the Goddess Dismiss Watchtowers ALL The circle is open but unbroken. Merry Meet, Merry Part and Merry Meet again.

Candles On Your Grave Black Magic Witchcraft Spell

This is a black magic spell that can cause terrible misfortune to your victim. This is a very effective hexing spell. It is better to find an old and quiet country graveyard to avoid detection. This powerful black magic spell is not for the faint of heart.

You’ll need:

3 Black Candles
Oil of Confusion
Black Arts Incense
A Fire safe Bowl
A Nail
Flashlight

Go to the graveyard and find a freshly dug grave. Place some of the earth from the grave in the bowl. Light some of the incense on top of the dirt in the bowl. Place the bowl of incense on the grave. Scratch the name of your enemy in the side of each candle with a nail. Annoit the candles with the Oil of Confusion. Stand the three black candles up in the dirt of the grave. Light them. Slowly, push the dirt of the grave over the candles until they are completely covered. Dump the bowl of incense and earth onto the grave. On your way home, stop at your victim’s home and pour the rest of the oil on her lawn or porch.