~*~ Elder Airwolf LoP Ministry Founder/Owner~*~

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Merry Meet Legionnaires~
I am sixth generation Native Blackfoot and Scottish Celt. My Grandmother was one of my mentors her being a shaman, and my other mentor was my Druid Celtic Aunt. I was raised pagan and my education started at the age
of seven and formally after my first moon lodge ritual at 12. I am also trained as a voodoo priestess
I have one son now coming into his native shaman training and 4 beautiful grandchildren.

Magickal Planetary Correspondences


Magickal Planetary Correspondences



By Orderof Day Planet Rulership Exalted Colors Stones Metals Plants Tone Intentions Sunday 




ElementFire Sun Leo Aries Yellow,YellowGold,Gold Citrine,Topaz,Cat's Eye,HerkimerDiamond,Aventurine Gold Chamomile,Heliotrope,OrangeSunflower,Marigold,Frankincense C# Physicalstrength,success,health,winning,creativity,jewels,obtaininggoals,wealth,rulership,illumination. Monday 




ElementOceanWater Moon Cancer Taurus Silver&LightSilver Pearl,Moonstone&Selenite Silver Moonwort,All night-bloomingflowers G# Psychologicalbalance,psychicabilitybeauty,feminineforces,dreams,astraltravel,intuition. Tuesday 




ElementFire Mars Aries&Pisces Capricorn Red Ruby,Pyrite,Garnet&Hemetite Iron&Steel Nettle,Garlic,PassionFlower,Parsley,Cactus,Pepper,Pine D Action,force,partnership,marriage,passion,sexuallove,courage,clothing,determination,furniture. Wednesday ToolWand 


Element OceanWater&Water Mercury Pisces&Virgo Virgo Orange&Gray Carnelian,Agate,Opal Aluminum Dill,Scullcap,Lavender,Hazel,Cinquefoil,VetiverRoot,Horehound D Wisdom,allknowledge,motion,communication,transportation,speed,heating,motivation,creativity. Thursday 




Element Earth,Fire,Air,&Water Jupiter Sagittarius&Pisces Leo Royalblue,Turquoise,&Purple LapisLazuli,Chrysocolla,Sapphire,Turquoise,Amethyst Pewter&Tin Cloves,Hyssop,Cinnamon,Jasmine,Chestnut,Saffron,Cedar,Honeysuckles,Tonka Beans F# Materiallogic,influenceof peoplein highplaces,goodfortune,wealth,success,law,business,officials,honors,expansion. Friday 


Tool Censer 


Element Air&Earth Venus Taurus&Libra Pisces Green,Pink,Copper,&Rose Emerald,PinkShell,RoseQuartz,Malachite,WatermelonTourmaline Copper Adam &Eve Root,Rose,Caper,Heather,Strawberry,Tansy,Lady'sMantle,Violet,Apple,Primrose,Yarrow A Love,growth,health,fertility,beginningnewprojects,sensuality,money,jewelry,cosmetics,pleasure,friendship,prosperity. Saturday 


Tool Athame 


Element Earth(salt),FreshWater,Air,&Fire Saturn Capricorn&Aquarius Libra Wine&Magenta BlackOnyx,Jet,Diamond,Garnet,Galena Lead Ivy,Hemlock,Datura,MandrakeRoot,Tobacco,Moss,Wolfbane,Myrrh D Testing,binding,to inhibit,manifest,tocrystalizethings,science,concentration,maturity,to invent,pragmatic,to neutralizeevil intent,discipline,longevity. No Day 




Element Air,Water,&Fire Neptune Aquarius Scorpio Lavender&DazzlingWhite FireOpal,ClearQuartz,RutilatedQuartz Uranium&WhiteGold RedClover,Birch,BurdockRoot,HighJohnWort,Ebony,Wood,Pomegranate G# Eccentricideas,inventive,publicity,to reform,to expand,unusualideas,clearelectircalenergies,bizarrehappenings,unexpectedchanges. No Day 




Element Water Uranus Pisces Cancer All IridescentColors,Phosphorus&OpaqueColors SeaShell,Beryl,Aquamarine,Bloodstone,Blue Quartz,Fire Opal Platinum&Pewter Lotus,Watercress,WaterLily,Seaweed,Grapes A Visions,dreams,ideals,fantasies,artisticabilities,psychicawareness,healing,imaginings,water,illusions,chemicals,change No Day ToolBlackCape&Robe 


Element Water Pluto Scorpio Aquarius Black BlackCoral,Obsidian,BlackQuartz,BlackAventurine,Jet Chrome,Nuclearelements,Plutonium Wormseed,Hawthorne,Fioxglove,Low JohnRoot,GingerRoot,VanillaBean,ArrowRoot,Dogwood,Bloodroot D To bringorder outof chaos,groupideas,suddenmanifestationof spells &thoughts,Witch'spower,union ordisruption(use caution). No Day 




Element Earth,Water,Air,&Fire Earth Taurus,Virgo,&Capricorn Pisces,Libra,Scorpio,&Aries RustBrown&Brown Granite,Marble,Sandstone,SmokyQuartz,ClearQuartz Brass Mastic,Motherwort,Rue,Ginseng,OrangePeel,Shepherd'sPurse,Wormwood,Adam & EveRoot,CarawaySeed,Tarragon G Action,force,passion,partnershipbuilding,gardening,marriage,balance,decisions,grounding,resting,stability.


Calculating the Phase of the Moon at Your Birth

The Eight Phases of the Moon 

To calculate the phase the moon was in when you were born: 30 degrees – the number of your Sun’s degrees + each intervening sign between the sun and moon on your chart (houses without the sun or moon in them, counting clockwise) + the Moon’s degrees = Your Moon Phase. 

If the moon is ahead (to the left of) the sun in the same house = New Moon. If the moon is behind (to the right of) the sun in the same house = Balsamic Moon. If the moon is behind (to the left of) the sun in an adjacent house, then there are no intervening signs. 


The Eight Phases of the Moon 
Calculating the Phase of the Moon at Your Birth 

The phase the moon was in at the time of your birth can give you insights into what your soul’s mission is in this incarnation. 

New Moon (0 – 44 degrees) – beginning of a cycle, just starting out, charm, spontaneous, forming a personality, one can be insensitive to others in their expression of selfhood, acts instinctively, plunges into new experiences, good at starting projects, can be easily distracted by new projects or ideas. 

Crescent Moon (45 – 89 degrees) – karmic stuff from the past, struggle to break out of past life patterns and make one’s own way, feelings of inertia and dependencies from past conditions, mobilizes resources to assert self in a new direction, has chosen the path to take during this life cycle. 

First Quarter (90 – 134 degrees) – good managing abilities, cardinal tendencies, reforming old structures, discarding things no longer needed, desire to changer people, active and moving, managing energy released from crisis’s, can create crisis to incite change, building new structures. 

Gibbous (135 – 179 degrees) – searching for a goal through study and analysis, desire for soul growth, relating one experience with another, prophetic abilities, perfecting techniques and form, introspective, questing for revelation, preparation for emergence into the public arena. 

Full Moon (180 – 224 degrees – culmination of a cycle, personal magnetism, people bring you their problems for solutions, difficulties with relationships, looking for perfect partner, can be reclusive or celibate, infusing meaning and contentment into life structures, emergence into public arena, objectivity, illumination. 

Disseminating Moon (225 – 269 degrees) – share with others what they have found to be meaningful to themselves, talent for promoting others or their own ideas, need to tell all they have learned so their experiences may have value, crusaders in religion/philosophy/concepts/ideas, distribution of ideas and resources. 

Last Quarter (270 – 314 degrees) – going through crisis and changes in order to reorient thinking, crisis of consciousness, strong principles, strongly affected by Mercury’s phases – especially retrogrades, looking outward or inward depending on Natal mercury direct or retrograde motion, turning away from old expressions and looking toward new ideas, owning up to actions and choices for good or ill. 

Balsamic Moon (315 – 359 degrees) – end of a cycle, changing from personal to group consciousness, something new will emerge which will help others, being possessed by destiny, involvement with causes/humanitarianism/metaphysicians, looking to the past and the meaning of life, prophetic abilities, commitment to the future, distilling wisdom of cycle completed and passing it along as a legacy for others, completion of Karma, making ready for a new cycle, looking to the past with an eye to benefiting the future by learning from mistakes and triumphs. 

Aspects in Astrological Magick


Aspects in Astrological Magick 
The Elements 

Conjunction (Parallel) – 0 degrees in the same sign with an 8 degree orb (same as a conjunction, with a 1 degree orb). 
Blending, uniting, brings together, binding, forced union, beginnings, focus, intensity, unity working together for a common goal; most intense of the aspects. 

Sextile – 60 degrees, 2 signs apart (complimentary elements), with a 6 degree orb. 
Opportunity, productivity, brings together and provides opportunity for cooperation and harmony (though not guaranteed), creativity, communication, people, working on complementary projects. 

Square – 90 degrees, 3 signs apart (same quality), with an 8 degree orb. 
Friction, competition, obstacles which can be overcome with effort, stirs things up, gets things going, incites to action, challenge, stubbornness, neither side wants to compromise, working at cross-purposes. 

Trine – 120 degrees, 4 signs apart (same element), with an 8 degree orb. 
Harmony, benevolence, ease of accomplishment, takes stuff for granted, can be lazy, indulgent, easy results, gifts, inherent talents, working in harmony. 

Opposition (Contra-Parallel) – 180 degrees, 6 signs apart (complimentary elements, same quality) with an 8 degree orb (same as an opposition, with a 1 degree orb). 
Awareness, polarization, separation, one or the other, for cutting away, getting rid of, to confront the “other” – partners, open enemies, rivals – pleasant or not to bring an end to things, fulfillment or failure, illumination, working in opposite directions. 

Inconjunct (Quincunx) – 150 degrees, 5 or 7 signs apart (no correlation of element or quality) with a 3 degree orb. 
Adjustment, accommodation, inconvenient benefit, compromised required, each must be willing to bend. 

Semi-sextile – 30 degrees, 1 sign apart (no correlation element of quality), with a 1 degree orb. 
Mildly fortunate, natural progression, brings results but may not be what you expected, brings things out into the open for good or ill, growth. 

Semi-Square – 45 degrees, 1 ½ signs apart (with or without special correlations), with a 2 degree orb. 

Sesquiquadrate – 135 degrees, 4 ½ signs apart (no special correlations) with a 2 degree orb. 
Friction, mental stirring up, arguments, agitation, may bring inspiration or visions but not necessarily comfortable or welcome ones, incitement to action, creativity, emotional zeal accompanies effects, not as strong as the Square aspect. 

Next Aspect 
1. Choose the aspect and planet you want as the influence and coordinate it with the last aspect of the Moon (the planet aspected by the moon at the last aspect isn’t crucial, but if you can use a planet that has a relevance to the matter, the more effective you can be. Use an almanac to find aspects.) 
2. Time your start to the next aspect.


The Elements 
Aspects in Astrological Magick 

Fire – spirituality, fire, inspiration, enthusiasm, animals, spirit.
Earth – rocks, crystals, grounding, material stuff, present, now, body.
Air – incense, mental activity, words and communication, intellect.
Water – oils, liquids, emotion, psychic, the past, plants, soul. 

Planetary Magick:Ancient Magick of Time and the Music of the Spheres

Planetary Magick is the next system to layer onto one's practice, after mastery and understanding of Solar, Lunar and Elemental Magick. If you have a yearning for an ancient link to magickal practice, it is more likely to be found through the seven "fixed stars" or planets than by any particular witchcraft tradition or magickal system, most of which date to the 1950's or Medieval times.


In ancient times, the movements of the "planets" were easy to observe as different from the stars. Most of the stars rotated in unison, over the course of the night, but seven heavenly bodies could be counted in different rhythms. Fastest moving among them is the Moon, whose orbit has a periodicity of about 29 days.  Faint, but still observable much of the year also, Mercury travels its path every 59 days (or 88 days, it used to be believed). Venus at 243 days, the Sun itself at 365 days, Mars at 687 days, Jupiter at 12 years and elder Saturn takes 29 years to complete its circuit, from an Earthling‚Äôs perspective.


From Sumerian times, these unique heavenly bodies were seen as representations of the gods, if not gods themselves. And through the ages, the names of these planets have changed, but the roles of the gods they have been named for have changed very little. For example, in ancient Sumer, Enki was the name for the planet we now call Mercury, and they are both gods of information and communication. The Babylonians called the planet Mars by the name Nergal, who was also god of war. Our beloved planet Venus was Aphrodite in Greece, Astarte in Phoenicia, Ishtar in Babylon, and Inanna in ancient Sumer, love goddesses all of them. Solaris or Helios is the Sun god, Iuppiter or Jupiter is a god of kingship and growth, Selene or Luna is goddess of the Moon


The association or correspondences of these gods with the planets is discernible from their colors, movements, or time signatures. Saturn, with its lengthy period, was associated with elder or death gods, gods of the underworld or harvest, master of time, architect of destiny. Mercury, with its speedy cycle and quick changes of direction were related to the messenger god.


Some astrologers and magicians have added Neptune, Uranus, and Pluto to the classic seven planets. These planets are not discernible to the eye without telescopes, and therefore they are not as familiar to humanity, and they have fewer Earthly correspondences. Neptune is viewed as a higher frequency of Venus, Uranus likewise is an octave over Mercury, and Pluto is the dark reflection of the Sun. Their distance from our planet makes magickal correspondence much more tentative and not especially useful to most practitioners.

Most important for the modern practitioner is that, since the times of the most ancient western civilizations, these planets or deities have determined one of the most basic conventions of social organization: the seven day week. Each day is said to be “ruled” by one of the seven planets, and further, each hour of the day and each hour of the night are ruled by the same succession of planetary deities. We have lost a bit in the translation of the names of the week to the Germanic roots. The Norse gods are not associated with the planets themselves, though their diety functions are still correspondent to the ancient rulers. The Latin names of the planets and the days still correspond exactly.

Sol = Sun = Sunday,
Luna = Moon = Monday (Moon-day),
Mars = Mars = Tuesday (Norse Tiu, a war-god),
Mercurius = Mercury = Wednesday (Wodin or Odin, a scholar/magician god),
Iuppiter = Jupiter = Thursday (Thor, god of thunder),
Venus = Venus = Friday (named for Norse goddess of love Freya) and
Saturnus = Saturn = Saturday.

Note that our familiar workweek begins on Monday, ruled by the quickest planet, and ends on Saturn’s slow day, the day of rest. More recent calendars have changed the Sabbath to Sunday, or alternatively had Sunday begin the week. Over time, and even in our current datebooks, which of these three days is the start of the week has rarely enjoyed consensus. If you consider the matter you could derive logical arguments for all three cases.

Our reckoning of the day as beginning at 12 am (the middle of the night) is a new convention. For millennia, the day began with sunrise, and the night began with sunset, and the planetary hours commenced their count at sunrise. The order of the hours follows the periodicities of the planets: slower, elder Saturn begins the week (or used to do) and the quickest planet, the Moon is the last, repeating eternally in the pattern:

Saturn Jupiter Mars Sun Venus Mercury Moon

But this is not the order of the days of the week! Which is of course:

Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

The explanation is that in Babylonian times, the day was divided into twenty four hours (Sumerians used a twelve hour day) with twelve hours of day and twelve hours of night. If you begin at sunrise on Saturday with the first hour being ruled by Saturn, 24 hours later you will end up at dawn the next day with the hour of the Sun. That being the planet governing at the time of sunrise, that planet governs and names the new day, Sunday. Beginning with Sun ruling that first hour of the day it rules, if you tick off another 24 planetary hours in that order: Sun, Venus, Mercury, Moon, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, etc., you will arrive at Moon at dawn of the next day, Monday. After another 24 hours you will arrive at dawn at the next day, Tuesday. Repeat this pattern and you will derive the order of the days of the week.

It is easy to think of time and days of the week proceeding this way, a function of the relationship of the number seven with the number twelve, and indeed, this relationship is expressed elsewhere, most notably in music in the relation of the chromatic to the diatonic scales. Mystics, alchemists, and early philosophers were always seeking to understand, and emulate in law, architecture, art, and social convention, the music of the spheres, a way to harmonize human activities with the movements planets of our solar system and then hopefully, further into the heavens. (You might note that the next tier of magickal practice after the seven-planet realm is the astrological zodiac, which is a system of twelve.)

One problem is that nature does not always fit the philosopher’s ideal mathematics. We have here the inconvenience of unequal day length caused by the seasons. With the advent of uniform timepieces, the convention has moved toward the fixed hour. But in ancient systems, the length of the hour changed according to the length of the day. Around the equinoxes, September 22 or so and March 22 or so, the hours of the night and day are equal, and this is where convention set the fixed hour. Somewhere along the way, the rigid application of fixed hours made it expedient to even change the time of the beginning of the day to the darkest hour of night!

In Natural Magick, we follow Nature and ancient customs. Wednesday morning begins at Dawn on Wednesday, and it lasts all day and all night until the Sun rises upon the next day. If that Wednesday is near the Winter Solstice, the hours of the day are shorter, and the hours of the night are longer. We go through the exercise of calculating the relative length of the hours through the seasons in order to precisely time magickal operations, especially those that are related to the planets. A bit of algebra and interpolation is applied to our magick. This brings us closer to the magick of the Spheres and the practices of ancient magickal systems. Not to mention, it reminds us that we did once pass Algebra in high school!

With this we introduce the Natural Magick line of Planetary oils. Each of these oils is made on the day ruled by the planet and in the hour of that day that is ruled by the planet. Five of the seven planets are made during the day in the waxing Moon. Moon is made at night under the crescent Moon in the hour of the Moon. Saturn is made on the first Saturday after the Full Moon, in the Saturn hour of the night, to fully capture the elder and dark aspect.

Each oil is potentiated with a mineral which corresponds to the power of the planet concerned:

Saturn - Hematite
Sun - Citrine
Moon - Moonstone
Mars - Garnet
Mercury - Fluorite
Jupiter - Amethyst
Venus - Peridot

Each bottle of oil has a 4mm bead of the same stone as a focus.As each oil is made, I use the following binding spell:

This is the Day that you were made
This is the Hour that you were born
This is the moment of your creation
To magick of ___________, you are now sworn.

Each of the planets and the gods that govern them has resonance with different parts of our Selves. In a sense, by honoring each of the planets in a ritual way, we are dissembling, re-assimilating, and reclaiming each part of our Selves, the whole and separate parts of which issue forth from the Music of the Spheres.

© Cedar Stevens 2007

Charge of the Sea Goddess



Hearken to the Words of the Sea Goddess, called once and once again Amphitrite, Fand, Mari, Ran, Tiamat, Yemaya, and numerous other names:

I am the blue-robed Keeper of the treasures of the Sea. For My adornments I choose from the spoils of all shipwrecks since antiquity. Countless pearl strands adorn My throat and wrists, while mother-of-pearl combs hold back My hair. Jewels offered unto Me by My earliest worshipers ornament My great throne. Attendant on Me are the nereids, mermaids, and nymphs who dance near the shores and beckon mortals to their watery embraces.
[the sea goddess calls]
In each generation I call many to My waters. These, then, are the sailors and divers who yearn to explore the depths of My Mysteries. To many more, My Presence gives comfort and sustenance in their daily lives. However, sacrifice unto Me before traversing My Waters, lest I call to you to join Me beneath the waves. 

From My sacred womb descends all that Was, Is, and Ever shall be. From Me came all life, and to Me all life shall return, from I am the Cauldron, the Graal of Immortality. To drink of My waters is to know Eternity. Beware, however, of drinking too deeply, lest you know it intimately. I am the womb of the world and the blood of life. Salt-water flows through the veins of all creatures, and My tides control every female, who shall honour and serve Me until the end of time.

Sea Witchery

Perspective of a Sea Witch~

Why sea witchery?

I realize most people never get past the basics of Witchcraft, but a person can only keep going over them so many times before it’s time for something new. After a few years of practice, it seemed appropriate to start expanding my studies and see what else was out there. At that time there wasn’t any ‘World Wide Web’ or other Pagans near me, nor had any books encountered ever mentioned specializing in a particular area, but it seemed a natural progression. I soon started coming across books about natural magick, and especially enjoyed reading the chapters about the magick uses of water and began trying things out (and found them a excellent fit). Since I’ve always been fascinated by the ocean and its wonders, it just seemed natural to specialize in sea magick.
I also realize a lot of people claim there’s no such thing as a ‘natural Witch’ but when you pick an off-beat specialty, you have to have a natural feel for it. Unlike those who specialize in, say, herbalism, there aren’t a wide variety of books to read for correspondences and magickal ideas. In many cases, it’s a chapter from this book, a paragraph or two from that one, and figure the rest on my own. I’ve spent literally years working out these correspondences for shells, for types of water, for the winds, etc. through my own trial and error.

Getting my tool collection together has been even more challenging since most of my tools aren’t considered magickal tools by modern magickal standards, so they aren’t items from Witches R Us or the Witch ‘n’ Save. I’ve gotten most of my tools from arts & crafts stores, antique shoppes, even the local sporting goods store. For a specialty like this, you have to keep your eyes open for anything useful, and make good use of it once you’ve found it.

What is a sea witch?

The Sea Witch tradition is associated with seafarers and beachcombers. Sea Witches focus on Moon lore, the tides, and practical weather magicks.
It is from the sea Witch tradition that evolved tales of women who could raise the winds and brew up storms,charges that even two hundred years ago could result in one being sent to the stake. A good storm (intended or not) will send the average Sea Witch running to charge her tools with the storm’s energies.

Sea Witchery is a ‘darker’ path than the average Pagan cares to deal with. However, bear in mind that when you start working with the weather, you are dealing with chaotic forces of nature. Unfortunately, most Pagans perceive chaos to be evil, but if it be called evil, it is a necessary evil. Too many Pagans these days deal only with the light; the Sea Witch works with what is termed ‘grey magick’ to maintain a balance of light and dark. It is definitely not a path for everyone. In fact, most Sea Witches are solitary, as few others enjoy the isolation of a sun-bleached cottage on a wind-swept seacoast.

Sea magick

Sea magick is magick involving the element of Water, usually performed at the seashore. If you do not live on the coast, this type of magick is quite flexible, so your local lake, river, pond, or bathtub will work in a pinch. Even placing a bowl of salt water on your altar, with the proper intentions, is sufficient for performing sea magick.
What kinds of spells can one do with sea magick? Any type, but the materials used (spell components) will be sea-related. With a little reworking, a pinch of sea salt works in place of regular salt, and the types of seaweed and shells available constitute entire languages of their own.

There are several types of magick that are usually associated with sea magick. Since most precipitation is water-related, weather magick is a form of sea magick. In earlier days, sea witches were expected to control the weather for seafarers so they could have a safe voyage. Moon magick is another type of sea magick, as the Moon controls the sea’s tides. Mirror magick is a little-practiced derivation of moon magick, and is also considered a form of sea magick.


Blyssful Moon's Day my Legionnaires~

We are still experiencing some platform and server issues but out host assures me it will be resolved soon. Thank you for your patience. We are still looking for capable moderators for our face book must be able to have a dependable internet service and donate  2-4 hours 2-3 times per week. Please message me if you are interested.


Preparing for Litha

Midsummer is the Summer Solstice, also known as the Pagan holiday of Litha.  Vestalia is a Roman version.  The summer solstice occurs on June 20-21.  There are multiple themes connected with Midsummer that can inspire your ritual and other activities.  Good books include Midsummer: Magical Celebrations of the Summer Solstice and Celebrating the Seasons of Life: Beltane to Mabon. 

Honoring the Green Ones

The Green Man, Jack-in-the-Green, the Green Lady, and the Garden Goddess are some of the vegetative aspects of deity invoked for this holiday.  At this time of year, trees, vegetables, and other plants are at their peak, festooned with green leaves and often with fruit or flowers.  These deities represent the luxurious growth and abundance of plants.

If at all possible, celebrate outdoors when honoring the Green Ones.  Dress and decorate in shades of rich green.  Include leaves, flowers, and fruits whether real or pictured on fabric or altar tools.  Crown the High Priest(ess) with a grapevine and extra fruits or leaves.

The Oak King and the Holly King

Many rituals recreate this seasonal myth.  The Oak King rules the waxing half of the year from Yule to Midsummer; the Holly King rules the waning half of the year from Midsummer to Yule.  At this time, they duel and the Holly King will defeat the Oak King.  

This type of ritual theater is performed by two men who represent the Oak King and the Holly King.  Traditionally the Oak King is a younger man with lighter hair, dressed in green with accents of white or gold, decked with oak leaves and acorns.  The Holly King is an older man with dark hair, dressed in red with accents of black, decked with holly leaves and berries.  They hold a mock duel — our coven once did this incorporating a flashy bit of stage magic and it was very memorable.

The Summer Solstice

At the summer solstice, the sun has reached its farthest position from the equator, its peak of power.  This is the longest day, after which days will shorten as nights grow longer.  This marks the peak of the growing season and lets people know that harvest is around the corner.  Solar deities such as Amaterasu and Ra are often honored as part of this celebration, and many religions observe this holiday.

Celebrate solar energy by decorating with yellow, gold, orange, and red.  Use images of the sun and hold the ritual at or near noon, outside to take advantage of the sunlight.  An impressive trick is to start a small fire using a magnifying glass to focus the sun’s rays.

Fire Festival

Litha is one of the fire festivals, when people traditionally build big bonfires. Sometimes offerings are thrown into the flames or people jump over the coals.  In modern times, wiener roasts and s’mores are very popular. Given the bonfire and warm weather, Pagans often hold drum jams and dance (sometimes skyclad) around the firelit meadow.

Fire festivals usually begin at dusk so that the flames show up well.  Tiki torches make a nice gate or circle to define sacred space.  Make sure to provide water or sand for fire control and put the altar or food table(s) safely out of the way.  Appoint at least one Fire Keeper in addition to the High Priest(ess) leading the ritual.

The Faery Rade

Midsummer is one of the times when the Fey Folk emerge from their hills. Sometimes they play pranks on mortals, as made famous in Shakespeare’s play A Midsummer Night’s Dream.  Old tales also recount the “faery rade,” a procession of sidhe and other fey folk riding magical steeds across the countryside.

The Fey Folk love music, laughter, dancing, and good food and drink. Decorate with flowers and fairy motifs.  Hang bells, mobiles, wind-spinners, and sparkly things to create a magical atmosphere.  Take care with protections, however, because the fey can be full of mischief.

Festival of Mothers

Litha is sacred to the Mother Goddess and to pregnant women.  As the Earth grows plump with fruits and vegetables, so the Goddess swells with life.  She is often depicted as pregnant with the Earth, or holding a basket of summer fruits and vegetables.

Decorate with images of pregnant women and goddesses.  Venus figures are especially apt.  Use plenty of red, the color of womanhood and childbirth.  Tell stories about pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood.  This is an ideal theme if someone in your coven is expecting a child.  It’s also appropriate for an indoor setting.

~Elder Airwolf~

Litha Summer of Love Incense

In the middle of summer, your herb garden will probably be blooming like crazy. A few aromatic herbs combined with light floral scents blend together to make the perfect "Summer of Love" incense. Use it for a romantic interlude with someone you care about it, or burn it when you're alone to help give your heart chakras a boost.

If you haven’t harvested your herbs yet for drying, now is a good time to start doing so. Any fresh herb can be dried simply by picking it and tying it up in small bundles in a well-ventilated area. Once they are completely dry store them in airtight jars in a dark place.

This recipe is for loose incense, but you can adapt it for stick or cone recipes. As you mix and blend your incense, focus on the goal of your work, whether your intent is romantic love for another, or building your own sense of self-worth.

You’ll need:

2 parts Catnip
2 parts Chamomile blossoms
1 part Lavender blossoms
1 part Patchouli
1/2 part Sweet Annie

Add your ingredients to your mixing bowl one at a time. Measure carefully, and if the leaves or blossoms need to be crushed, use your mortar and pestle to do so. As you blend the herbs together, state your intent. You may find it helpful to charge your incense with an incantation, such as:

Love for me, from the heart,
within this incense it will start.
Lavender flowers, and patchouli blend.
Chamomile, catnip, and Sweet Annie to end.
Love is true when it's finally found,
brought to the heart from all around.
Joy and light, and love's blessing for me,
As I will, so it shall be.

Store your incense in a tightly sealed jar. Make sure you label it with its intent and name, as well as the date you created it. Use within three months, so that it remains charged and fresh.


Apollo is a Greek god with many, and sometimes conflicting attributes. He is a patron of intellectual pursuits, the arts, and prophesy. He leads the Muses, for which reason he is called Apollo Musagetes. Modern philosophers and psychologists sometimes contrast Apollo with Dionysus, god of wine and frenzy. Apollo inspires seers with prophecy while Dionysus fills his followers with madness.

Apollo is sometimes called Apollo Smitheus, which may point to a connection between the god and mice, since Apollo shoots plague arrows to punish disrespectful humans. Note that while he may send disease, Apollo is also associated with healing and the father of the healing god Asclepius.

Over time Apollo came to be associated with the sun, taking over the role of the sun Titan Helios. You may see him with his sister Artemis, a virginal goddess of the hunt with her own set of contradictory attributes, but who, like Apollo, came to be identified with another of the celestial orbs; in her case, the moon, a function she took over for the moon Titan Selene. Their parents are Zeus and Leto.

APOLLON (or Apollo) was the great Olympian god of prophecy and oracles, healing, plague and disease, music, song and poetry, archery, and the protection of the young. He was depicted as a handsome, beardless youth with long hair and various attributes including:--a wreath and branch of laurel; bow and quiver; raven; and lyre.

Apollo being the destroyer of the wicked was believed by some of the ancients to have given rise to his name Apollo, which they connected with apollumi, "to destroy." (Aeschyl. Agam. 1081.) Some modern writers, on the other hand, who consider the power of averting evil to have been the original and principal feature in his character, say that Apollôn, i. e. Apellôn, (from the root pello), signifies the god who drives away evil, and is synonymous with alexikakas, Acesius, Acestor, sôtêr, and other names and epithets applied to Apollo.

The god who affords help and wards off evil. As he had the power of visiting men with plagues and epidemics, so he was also able to deliver men from them, if duly propitiated, or at least by his oracles to suggest the means by which such calamities could be averted.

Native Languages of the Americas: Blackfeet Indian Legends, Myths, and Stories

Important Blackfoot Mythological Figures

Click on each character's name for more detailed information about his or her role in Blackfoot mythology. 

Old Man (also known by his Blackfoot name, Naapi, or spelling variants such as Napi, Napiw, etc.): Naapi is the culture hero of the Blackfoot tribe (sometimes referred to as a "transformer" by folklorists.) He is a trickster, a troublemaker, and sometimes a foolish person, but he is also responsible for shaping of the world the Blackfeet live in and frequently helps the people. He is assisted in these tasks by his wife, Old Lady (Kipitaakii in Blackfoot). Naapi shares some similarities with other Algonquian heroes such as the Cree Wisakedjak, Wabanaki Glooscap, and Anishinabe Manabus, and many of the same stories are told in different Algonquian tribes with only the identity of the protagonist differing. Napi is pronounced similar to nah-pee, and Kipitaki is pronounced similar to kih-pih-tah-kee. 

Apistotoke: This is the Blackfoot name for the Creator (God,) who is also known by the name Ihtsipatapiyohpa ("Source of Life") or, in English, Great Spirit. Apistotoki is a divine spirit with no human form or attributes and is never personified in Blackfoot folklore. The name is pronounced similar to ah-piss-toh-toh-kee. 

Above-People (Sspommitapiiksi in Blackfoot): Also known as the Sky People or Sky Beings, these sacred spirits were the first creations of Apistotoke and live in the Sky World far above the clouds. 

Naato'si (also spelled Natosi and other ways): This is the Blackfoot sun god, ruler of the Sky People. Some anthropologists consider him to be the same as Apistotoke, but our Blackfoot speakers are adamant that they are two different mythological figures and Naato'si, although the principal god of the Blackfoot people, was not the one who created the universe. "Naato'si" is pronounced nah-toh-see, and literally means "holy one," though it is often used to refer to the sun in everyday speech as well. Naato'si is married to the Moon, Komorkis, and his son is the hero Morning Star, Iipisowaahs. 

Ko'komiki'somma (also known as Komorkis): The moon goddess, and the wife of Naato'si the Sun. Together they are the parents of the stars. In Blackfoot, her name is pronounced similar to koh-koh-mih-kih-summ. 

Iipisowaahs (also known as Apisirahts): Morning Star, the most important of Naato'si and Ko'komiki'somm's star children. He is the father (or by some some tellings, the adopted brother) of the mortal hero Star Boy. 

Star Boy: A magical hero who is the son of a Blackfoot woman (Soatsaki, or Feather Woman) and the immortal Morning Star. After he and his mother are banished he is known as Poia instead, translated as "Scar-Face" in English (from the Blackfoot word payoo, "scar,") and after visiting the Sky Land his scar is healed and he gains the additional name of Mistaken-for-Morning-Star (because of his resemblance to Morning Star.) It was very common for Blackfoot people, especially boys and men, to take on new names several times in their life, so these name changes did not confuse Blackfoot listeners the way they confused some anthropologists! 

Blood-Clot Boy (also known by his Blackfoot name, Katoyis): A mythical Blackfoot hero who has many adventures slaying monsters and wicked people. 

Thunder Bird (Ksiistsikomiipi'kssiiwa or Ksistsikumipitaw.) A huge bird of prey, common to the mythology of most Plains Indian tribes,who is responsible for creating thunderstorms. In some Blackfoot legends, the Thunders are part of the Above People and have human form, instead of being giant birds. They are the sworn enemy of Horned Snakes and are frequently invoked as guardian spirits. 

Horned Snake (Big Water Snake, Omachk-soyis-ksiksinai or Omahksoyisksiksina.) A fearsome water-monster that lurks in lakes and rivers and eats people. Blackfoot people often blamed Horned Snakes for drowning deaths. 

Little People: Little People in Blackfoot Indian stories are usually child-sized, benevolent, and shy nature spirits. They are said to have a variety of magical powers, most often the ability to become invisible or shapeshift into animals. In many legends they reveal themselves only to children, with whom they have a special affinity.